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Light distribution in multispan gutter-connected greenhouses: Effects of gutters and roof openings
Year:
2012
Source of publication :
Biosystems Engineering
Authors :
Derugin, Michael
;
.
Tanny, Josef
;
.
Teitel, Meir
;
.
Volume :
113
Co-Authors:
Teitel, M., Institute of Agricultural Engineering, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, P.O.B. 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Deriugin, M., Institute of Agricultural Engineering, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, P.O.B. 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Haslavsky, V., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, P.O.B. 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Tanny, J., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, P.O.B. 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
120
To page:
128
(
Total pages:
9
)
Abstract:
To ventilate large, multispan gutter-connected greenhouses effectively in warm regions, both side and roof openings are usually required. Since the roof openings and gutters are constructed of opaque structural elements, and since the openings are generally covered with dense insect-proof screens, they partially block penetration of solar radiation into the greenhouse. Experiments were carried out during summer and winter campaigns in three different multispan greenhouses, each of about 0.1 ha, to characterise the disturbance induced by the roof openings and gutters to the intensity and distribution of light reaching the plants. Results show that the mean daily PAR level directly below the cover of the greenhouses was 58-66% of the external PAR; above the crop, the daily mean PAR level along a 10-m transect was 39-51% of the outside level. This further decrease of light transmission was mainly caused by structural elements, gutters and roof openings. The largest drop in radiation was measured at midday, in the region below the roof openings. This drop was larger by 15-28%, depending on the greenhouse type, than the drop measured at the centreline of the greenhouse span. There was good agreement between spanwise variations in summer and winter. © 2012 IAgrE.
Note:
Related Files :
Drops
greenhouses
Hexapoda
Light distribution
Multi-spans
Roof openings
Roofs
Spanwise variations
Structural elements
Sun
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2012.06.014
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
29102
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:44
Scientific Publication
Light distribution in multispan gutter-connected greenhouses: Effects of gutters and roof openings
113
Teitel, M., Institute of Agricultural Engineering, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, P.O.B. 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Deriugin, M., Institute of Agricultural Engineering, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, P.O.B. 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Haslavsky, V., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, P.O.B. 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Tanny, J., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, P.O.B. 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Light distribution in multispan gutter-connected greenhouses: Effects of gutters and roof openings
To ventilate large, multispan gutter-connected greenhouses effectively in warm regions, both side and roof openings are usually required. Since the roof openings and gutters are constructed of opaque structural elements, and since the openings are generally covered with dense insect-proof screens, they partially block penetration of solar radiation into the greenhouse. Experiments were carried out during summer and winter campaigns in three different multispan greenhouses, each of about 0.1 ha, to characterise the disturbance induced by the roof openings and gutters to the intensity and distribution of light reaching the plants. Results show that the mean daily PAR level directly below the cover of the greenhouses was 58-66% of the external PAR; above the crop, the daily mean PAR level along a 10-m transect was 39-51% of the outside level. This further decrease of light transmission was mainly caused by structural elements, gutters and roof openings. The largest drop in radiation was measured at midday, in the region below the roof openings. This drop was larger by 15-28%, depending on the greenhouse type, than the drop measured at the centreline of the greenhouse span. There was good agreement between spanwise variations in summer and winter. © 2012 IAgrE.
Scientific Publication
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