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Evaluating the role of water availability in determining the yield-plant population density relationship
Year:
2016
Authors :
Friedman, Samuel
;
.
Volume :
80
Co-Authors:
Friedman, S.P., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
563
To page:
578
(
Total pages:
16
)
Abstract:
Thirty-eight yield-plant population density (Y-PPD) data sets were collected from the literature and analyzed statistically to yield, inter alia, a single universal relationship that realistically describes the Y-PPD data obtained with various plants under various agricultural and environmental conditions. This study aimed to evaluate the dependence of water availability to plant root systems on plant population density, plant arrangement geometry, active-root-system size, and soil texture. The outlined evaluation of the relative water uptake rate-plant population density (RWUR-PPD) relationship can quantify the roles of water availability and competition among neighboring root systems in determining the Y-PPD relationship. In particular, this methodology quantifies the effects of root system size, soil capillary length, and planting rectangularity on the Y-PPD relationship. Overall, the proposed RWUR evaluation shows, in reasonable qualitative agreement with experimental findings, that the Y-PPD relationship increases with increasing root system radius and soil capillary length and with decreasing rectangularity. The RWUR evaluation shows that interplant competition for water increases approximately linearly with the product of (root-system radius) × (soil capillary length). The water-competition factor is approximately 4π r0 1α-1, i.e., the surface area of a sphere with a radius equal to the geometric mean of the radius of the root system (r0) and the soil capillary length (α-1). Plant roots and shoots compete also for resources other than water, e.g., soil nutrients, O2, and solar radiation. Thus, the agronomically important Y-PPD relationship depends on genetic, agricultural, and environmental factors that affect the availability of other resources differently from their effects on water availability; and these differences render it virtually impossible to define and quantify the roles of the various essential resources and the effects of diverse factors in determining the Y-PPD relationship. This is why practical agronomists use empirical mathematical expressions to describe Y-PPD. © 2016 Soil Science Society of America, 5585 Guilford Rd., Madison WI 53711 USA. All Rights reserved.
Note:
Related Files :
Agriculture
population dynamics
rhizosphere
soil nutrient
Soils
Universal relationship
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More details
DOI :
10.2136/sssaj2015.11.0395
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
29120
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:44
Scientific Publication
Evaluating the role of water availability in determining the yield-plant population density relationship
80
Friedman, S.P., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Evaluating the role of water availability in determining the yield-plant population density relationship
Thirty-eight yield-plant population density (Y-PPD) data sets were collected from the literature and analyzed statistically to yield, inter alia, a single universal relationship that realistically describes the Y-PPD data obtained with various plants under various agricultural and environmental conditions. This study aimed to evaluate the dependence of water availability to plant root systems on plant population density, plant arrangement geometry, active-root-system size, and soil texture. The outlined evaluation of the relative water uptake rate-plant population density (RWUR-PPD) relationship can quantify the roles of water availability and competition among neighboring root systems in determining the Y-PPD relationship. In particular, this methodology quantifies the effects of root system size, soil capillary length, and planting rectangularity on the Y-PPD relationship. Overall, the proposed RWUR evaluation shows, in reasonable qualitative agreement with experimental findings, that the Y-PPD relationship increases with increasing root system radius and soil capillary length and with decreasing rectangularity. The RWUR evaluation shows that interplant competition for water increases approximately linearly with the product of (root-system radius) × (soil capillary length). The water-competition factor is approximately 4π r0 1α-1, i.e., the surface area of a sphere with a radius equal to the geometric mean of the radius of the root system (r0) and the soil capillary length (α-1). Plant roots and shoots compete also for resources other than water, e.g., soil nutrients, O2, and solar radiation. Thus, the agronomically important Y-PPD relationship depends on genetic, agricultural, and environmental factors that affect the availability of other resources differently from their effects on water availability; and these differences render it virtually impossible to define and quantify the roles of the various essential resources and the effects of diverse factors in determining the Y-PPD relationship. This is why practical agronomists use empirical mathematical expressions to describe Y-PPD. © 2016 Soil Science Society of America, 5585 Guilford Rd., Madison WI 53711 USA. All Rights reserved.
Scientific Publication
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