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Soil solarization as a component of the integrated management of fusarium crown and root rot in tomato
Year:
2009
Source of publication :
Acta Horticulturae
Authors :
Arbel, Avraham
;
.
Gamliel, Abraham
;
.
Siti, Moran
;
.
Volume :
808
Co-Authors:

Gamliel, A., The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Siti, M., The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Arbel, A., The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Katan, J., The Hebrew University, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot 76100, Israel

Facilitators :
From page:
321
To page:
326
(
Total pages:
6
)
Abstract:
Fusarium crown and root rot of tomato (FORL) is caused by Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. radicis-lycopersici and in the cool season, it can produce severe losses in this crop. The fumigant methyl bromide (MB), which was highly effective in controlling this disease, has been phased out. We carried out three experiments in naturally infested soils to examine effectiveness of soil solarization (SH) and fumigants, alone or combined, for the management of FORL. In the first experiment, SH only delayed disease progress but Basamid (BS) alone or in combination with SH significantly reduced the disease. The yield was significantly increased by 22 %, 62%, and 68% by SH, BS and SH + BS, respectively. In the second experiment, SH only partially reduced the disease but the use of an improved SH film (IF) further reduced it. The combination of IF with metam sodium and formalin at reduced dosage was as effective as MB in reducing the disease and in increasing the yield. In the third experiment, regular SH was partially effective in disease control while the sprayable film (Ecotex) was somewhat less so. The best results in terms of soil heating, disease reduction and yield increase were obtained by combining Ecotex and regular SH. We conclude that although there are potential tools for controlling FORL, these need to be further improved.
Note:
Related Files :
Fusarium
Fusarium crown and root rot
Fusarium oxysporum
Integrated management
Lycopersicon esculentum
Solarization
tomato
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
29222
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:45
You may also be interested in
Scientific Publication
Soil solarization as a component of the integrated management of fusarium crown and root rot in tomato
808

Gamliel, A., The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Siti, M., The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Arbel, A., The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Katan, J., The Hebrew University, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot 76100, Israel

Soil solarization as a component of the integrated management of fusarium crown and root rot in tomato
Fusarium crown and root rot of tomato (FORL) is caused by Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. radicis-lycopersici and in the cool season, it can produce severe losses in this crop. The fumigant methyl bromide (MB), which was highly effective in controlling this disease, has been phased out. We carried out three experiments in naturally infested soils to examine effectiveness of soil solarization (SH) and fumigants, alone or combined, for the management of FORL. In the first experiment, SH only delayed disease progress but Basamid (BS) alone or in combination with SH significantly reduced the disease. The yield was significantly increased by 22 %, 62%, and 68% by SH, BS and SH + BS, respectively. In the second experiment, SH only partially reduced the disease but the use of an improved SH film (IF) further reduced it. The combination of IF with metam sodium and formalin at reduced dosage was as effective as MB in reducing the disease and in increasing the yield. In the third experiment, regular SH was partially effective in disease control while the sprayable film (Ecotex) was somewhat less so. The best results in terms of soil heating, disease reduction and yield increase were obtained by combining Ecotex and regular SH. We conclude that although there are potential tools for controlling FORL, these need to be further improved.
Scientific Publication
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