נגישות
menu      
Advanced Search
Syntax
Search...
Volcani treasures
About
Terms of use
Manage
Community:
אסיף מאגר המחקר החקלאי
Powered by ClearMash Solutions Ltd -
The use of plant grafting and plant growth regulators for enhancing abiotic stress tolerance in vegetable transplants
Year:
2011
Source of publication :
Acta Horticulturae
Authors :
Aloni, Benyamin
;
.
Cohen, Roni
;
.
Deventurero, Gila
;
.
Edelstein, Menahem
;
.
Karni, Leah
;
.
Katzir, Nurit
;
.
Volume :
898
Co-Authors:
Aloni, B., Dept. of Vegetable Research, Institute of Plant Science, A.R.O. the Volcani Center, B.O.B. 6, Bet-Dagan, 50250, Israel
Karni, L., Dept. of Vegetable Research, Institute of Plant Science, A.R.O. the Volcani Center, B.O.B. 6, Bet-Dagan, 50250, Israel
Deventurero, G., Dept. of Vegetable Research, Institute of Plant Science, A.R.O. the Volcani Center, B.O.B. 6, Bet-Dagan, 50250, Israel
Cohen, R., Dept. of Vegetable Research, Institute of Plant Science, A.R.O. the Volcani Center, Neve Yaar, Israel
Katzir, N., Dept. of Vegetable Research, Institute of Plant Science, A.R.O. the Volcani Center, Neve Yaar, Israel
Edelstein, M., Dept. of Vegetable Research, Institute of Plant Science, A.R.O. the Volcani Center, Neve Yaar, Israel
Aktas, H., Suleyman Demirel University, Agriculture Faculty, Horticulture Department, East Campus, 32260 Isparta, Turkey
Facilitators :
From page:
255
To page:
264
(
Total pages:
10
)
Abstract:
Production of vegetables starting with grafted seedlings is common in many countries with documented advantages over non-grafted seedlings, such as improved disease resistance and enhanced abiotic stress tolerance/resistance. However, the involvement of hormonal effects in the responses of grafted seedlings to abiotic stresses is not clear yet. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of ABA and of anti ethylene agents STS and AV G and ascorbic acid (as an anti-oxidant) on the performance of melon/pumpkin grafted transplants under salinity condition. Non-grafted melon transplants were compared to melon grafted on itself or melon grafted on pumpkin rootstock. The transplants were grown in hydroponic solutions containing either normal nutrient concentrations or nutrient solutions containing NaCl at a concentration of 100 mM. The results show that transplant growth was inhibited under salinity and that there were differences in the response of the three transplant groups to salinity stress with the self grafted melons being the most tolerant to salinity. Application of either ascorbic acid or ABA, Silver thiosulphate (STS) (ethylene action blocker) or aminoethoxyvinylglycine (AVG) (ethylene biosynthesis blocker) to the root medium, protected against the growth inhibition caused by high salinity and also protected against growth inhibition caused by application of high ethephon concentration to the roots. Salinity increased oxidative stress in the roots but ABA, STS and ascorbic acid treatments reduced oxidative stress associated with salinity stress. Finally, we demonstrate that melon self grafting (melon/melon) was superior to non grafted melon as well as to melon grafted on pumpkin rootstock under control as well as under salinity conditions. The possible mechanisms of ethylene and ABA effects are discussed.
Note:
Related Files :
abiotic stress
Cucumis
ethylene
Grafting
Melon
oxidative stress
Pumpkin
salinity
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
Conference paper
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
29289
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:45
Scientific Publication
The use of plant grafting and plant growth regulators for enhancing abiotic stress tolerance in vegetable transplants
898
Aloni, B., Dept. of Vegetable Research, Institute of Plant Science, A.R.O. the Volcani Center, B.O.B. 6, Bet-Dagan, 50250, Israel
Karni, L., Dept. of Vegetable Research, Institute of Plant Science, A.R.O. the Volcani Center, B.O.B. 6, Bet-Dagan, 50250, Israel
Deventurero, G., Dept. of Vegetable Research, Institute of Plant Science, A.R.O. the Volcani Center, B.O.B. 6, Bet-Dagan, 50250, Israel
Cohen, R., Dept. of Vegetable Research, Institute of Plant Science, A.R.O. the Volcani Center, Neve Yaar, Israel
Katzir, N., Dept. of Vegetable Research, Institute of Plant Science, A.R.O. the Volcani Center, Neve Yaar, Israel
Edelstein, M., Dept. of Vegetable Research, Institute of Plant Science, A.R.O. the Volcani Center, Neve Yaar, Israel
Aktas, H., Suleyman Demirel University, Agriculture Faculty, Horticulture Department, East Campus, 32260 Isparta, Turkey
The use of plant grafting and plant growth regulators for enhancing abiotic stress tolerance in vegetable transplants
Production of vegetables starting with grafted seedlings is common in many countries with documented advantages over non-grafted seedlings, such as improved disease resistance and enhanced abiotic stress tolerance/resistance. However, the involvement of hormonal effects in the responses of grafted seedlings to abiotic stresses is not clear yet. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of ABA and of anti ethylene agents STS and AV G and ascorbic acid (as an anti-oxidant) on the performance of melon/pumpkin grafted transplants under salinity condition. Non-grafted melon transplants were compared to melon grafted on itself or melon grafted on pumpkin rootstock. The transplants were grown in hydroponic solutions containing either normal nutrient concentrations or nutrient solutions containing NaCl at a concentration of 100 mM. The results show that transplant growth was inhibited under salinity and that there were differences in the response of the three transplant groups to salinity stress with the self grafted melons being the most tolerant to salinity. Application of either ascorbic acid or ABA, Silver thiosulphate (STS) (ethylene action blocker) or aminoethoxyvinylglycine (AVG) (ethylene biosynthesis blocker) to the root medium, protected against the growth inhibition caused by high salinity and also protected against growth inhibition caused by application of high ethephon concentration to the roots. Salinity increased oxidative stress in the roots but ABA, STS and ascorbic acid treatments reduced oxidative stress associated with salinity stress. Finally, we demonstrate that melon self grafting (melon/melon) was superior to non grafted melon as well as to melon grafted on pumpkin rootstock under control as well as under salinity conditions. The possible mechanisms of ethylene and ABA effects are discussed.
Scientific Publication
You may also be interested in