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Identification of bacteria potentially responsible for oxic and anoxic sulfide oxidation in biofilters of a recirculating mariculture system
Year:
2005
Authors :
Cytryn, Eddie
;
.
Minz, Dror
;
.
Volume :
71
Co-Authors:
Cytryn, E., Department of Animal Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural, Food, and Environmental Quality Sciences, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel, Institute of Soil, Water, and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel
Van Rijn, J., Department of Animal Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural, Food, and Environmental Quality Sciences, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Schramm, A., Department of Microbiology, University of Aarhus, Aarhus, Denmark, Department of Ecological Microbiology, University of Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany
Gieseke, A., Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology, Bremen, Germany
De Beer, D., Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology, Bremen, Germany
Minz, D., Institute of Soil, Water, and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel, Institute of Soil, Water, and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
6134
To page:
6141
(
Total pages:
8
)
Abstract:
Bacteria presumably involved in oxygen- or nitrate-dependent sulfide oxidation in the biofilters of a recirculating marine aquaculture system were identified using a new application of reverse transcription-PCR denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) analysis termed differential-transcription (DT)-DGGE. Biofilter samples were incubated in various concentrations of sulfide or thiosulfate (0 to 5 mM) with either oxygen or nitrate as the sole electron acceptor. Before and after short-term incubations (10 to 20 h), total DNA and RNA were extracted, and a 550-bp fragment of the 16S rRNA genes was PCR amplified either directly or after reverse transcription. DGGE analysis of DNA showed no significant change of the original microbial consortia upon incubation. In contrast, DGGE of cDNA revealed several phylotypes whose relative band intensities markedly increased or decreased in response to certain incubation conditions, indicating enhanced or suppressed rRNA transcription and thus implying metabolic activity under these conditions. Specifically, species of the gammaproteobacterial genus Thiomicrospira and phylotypes related to symbiotic sulfide oxidizers could be linked to oxygen-dependent sulfide oxidation, while members of the Rhodobacteraceae (genera Roseobacter, Rhodobacter, and Rhodobium) were putatively active in anoxic, nitrate-dependent sulfide oxidation. For all these organisms, the physiology of their closest cultured relatives matches their DT-DGGE-inferred function. In addition, higher band intensities following exposure to 5 mM sulfide and nitrate were observed for Thauera-, Hydrogenophaga-, and Dethiosulfovibrio-like phylotypes. For these genera, nitrate-dependent sulfide oxidation has not been documented previously and therefore DT-DGGE might indicate a higher relative tolerance to high sulfide concentrations than that of other community members. We anticipate that DT-DGGE will be of general use in tracing functionally equivalent yet phylogenetically diverse microbial populations in nature. Copyright © 2005, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.
Note:
Related Files :
aquaculture1 (domain1)
bacteria
Bacteriology
DNA
Electrophoresis
genetic engineering
Marine Biology
oxidation
RNA
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1128/AEM.71.10.6134-6141.2005
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
29387
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:46
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Scientific Publication
Identification of bacteria potentially responsible for oxic and anoxic sulfide oxidation in biofilters of a recirculating mariculture system
71
Cytryn, E., Department of Animal Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural, Food, and Environmental Quality Sciences, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel, Institute of Soil, Water, and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel
Van Rijn, J., Department of Animal Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural, Food, and Environmental Quality Sciences, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Schramm, A., Department of Microbiology, University of Aarhus, Aarhus, Denmark, Department of Ecological Microbiology, University of Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany
Gieseke, A., Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology, Bremen, Germany
De Beer, D., Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology, Bremen, Germany
Minz, D., Institute of Soil, Water, and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel, Institute of Soil, Water, and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Identification of bacteria potentially responsible for oxic and anoxic sulfide oxidation in biofilters of a recirculating mariculture system
Bacteria presumably involved in oxygen- or nitrate-dependent sulfide oxidation in the biofilters of a recirculating marine aquaculture system were identified using a new application of reverse transcription-PCR denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) analysis termed differential-transcription (DT)-DGGE. Biofilter samples were incubated in various concentrations of sulfide or thiosulfate (0 to 5 mM) with either oxygen or nitrate as the sole electron acceptor. Before and after short-term incubations (10 to 20 h), total DNA and RNA were extracted, and a 550-bp fragment of the 16S rRNA genes was PCR amplified either directly or after reverse transcription. DGGE analysis of DNA showed no significant change of the original microbial consortia upon incubation. In contrast, DGGE of cDNA revealed several phylotypes whose relative band intensities markedly increased or decreased in response to certain incubation conditions, indicating enhanced or suppressed rRNA transcription and thus implying metabolic activity under these conditions. Specifically, species of the gammaproteobacterial genus Thiomicrospira and phylotypes related to symbiotic sulfide oxidizers could be linked to oxygen-dependent sulfide oxidation, while members of the Rhodobacteraceae (genera Roseobacter, Rhodobacter, and Rhodobium) were putatively active in anoxic, nitrate-dependent sulfide oxidation. For all these organisms, the physiology of their closest cultured relatives matches their DT-DGGE-inferred function. In addition, higher band intensities following exposure to 5 mM sulfide and nitrate were observed for Thauera-, Hydrogenophaga-, and Dethiosulfovibrio-like phylotypes. For these genera, nitrate-dependent sulfide oxidation has not been documented previously and therefore DT-DGGE might indicate a higher relative tolerance to high sulfide concentrations than that of other community members. We anticipate that DT-DGGE will be of general use in tracing functionally equivalent yet phylogenetically diverse microbial populations in nature. Copyright © 2005, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.
Scientific Publication
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