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Ripeness of shaded and sun-exposed apples (Malus domestica)
Year:
2001
Source of publication :
Acta Horticulturae
Authors :
Dong, Li
;
.
Klein, Joshua D.
;
.
Lurie, Susan
;
.
Zhou, Hongwei
;
.
Volume :
553
Co-Authors:
Klein, J.D., Dept. of Field Crops, Volcani Center-ARO, Bet Dagan, Israel
Dong, L., Dept. of Postharvest Science, Volcani Center-ARO, Bet Dagan, Israel
Zhou, H.-W., Dept. of Postharvest Science, Volcani Center-ARO, Bet Dagan, Israel
Lurie, S., Dept. of Postharvest Science, Volcani Center-ARO, Bet Dagan, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
95
To page:
98
(
Total pages:
4
)
Abstract:
We investigated the effect of preharvest temperatures in the orchard during commercial harvest on ripeness characteristics of shaded and sun-exposed apple fruit. A recording thermocouple and an external collection apparatus were attached to individual fruits to measure temperature and ethylene and carbon dioxide production on the tree. Sun apples were 5-10°C warmer than shade fruit, and had a diurnal pattern of both ACC and ethylene production with a mid-day peak. Shaded apples produced 80-90% less ethylene than did sunexposed fruit. Respiration (CO2 production) in both exposed and shaded fruit was lowest in the morning and increased during the day. At harvest, exposed fruits were firmer and had higher soluble solids than shaded apples. These differences diminished when fruit were kept for 10 days at 20°C after harvest. The diurnal temperature flux in the orchard hastened some ripeness parameters (ethylene production and soluble solids accumulation) while delaying softening. The transient heat stress that sun-exposed apples experienced in the orchard was not the same as a postharvest heat treatment that delayed ripening.
Note:
Related Files :
ACC
Apples
CO2
ethylene
Firmness
Malus domestica
Malus sylvestris
ripening
Soluble solids
temperature
Titratable acidity
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
Conference paper
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
29426
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:46
Scientific Publication
Ripeness of shaded and sun-exposed apples (Malus domestica)
553
Klein, J.D., Dept. of Field Crops, Volcani Center-ARO, Bet Dagan, Israel
Dong, L., Dept. of Postharvest Science, Volcani Center-ARO, Bet Dagan, Israel
Zhou, H.-W., Dept. of Postharvest Science, Volcani Center-ARO, Bet Dagan, Israel
Lurie, S., Dept. of Postharvest Science, Volcani Center-ARO, Bet Dagan, Israel
Ripeness of shaded and sun-exposed apples (Malus domestica)
We investigated the effect of preharvest temperatures in the orchard during commercial harvest on ripeness characteristics of shaded and sun-exposed apple fruit. A recording thermocouple and an external collection apparatus were attached to individual fruits to measure temperature and ethylene and carbon dioxide production on the tree. Sun apples were 5-10°C warmer than shade fruit, and had a diurnal pattern of both ACC and ethylene production with a mid-day peak. Shaded apples produced 80-90% less ethylene than did sunexposed fruit. Respiration (CO2 production) in both exposed and shaded fruit was lowest in the morning and increased during the day. At harvest, exposed fruits were firmer and had higher soluble solids than shaded apples. These differences diminished when fruit were kept for 10 days at 20°C after harvest. The diurnal temperature flux in the orchard hastened some ripeness parameters (ethylene production and soluble solids accumulation) while delaying softening. The transient heat stress that sun-exposed apples experienced in the orchard was not the same as a postharvest heat treatment that delayed ripening.
Scientific Publication
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