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Optimal barn characteristics for high-yielding Holstein cows as derived by a new heat-stress model
Year:
2013
Source of publication :
Animal
Authors :
Hetzroni, Amots
;
.
Volume :
7
Co-Authors:
Shoshani, E., Extension Service, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, PO Box 28, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel,
Hetzroni, A., Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
176
To page:
182
(
Total pages:
7
)
Abstract:
Meticulous planning is required to minimize heat-stress conditions in barns. The objective of this study was to determine optimum barn characteristics for high-yielding dairy cows under Israeli (Mediterranean) summer ambient conditions, by using a new stress model that takes ambient temperature, relative humidity and wind velocity into account. During the summers of 2004 and 2005, three meteorological stations were alternately installed in 39 barns: two stations inside the barn at the prevailing downwind direction, and a third station outside the upwind end of the barn. Ambient temperature, relative humidity, wind speed and direction were measured and recorded every 10 min for 3 to 5 consecutive days at each barn in turn. The data were collected at different geographical and climatic conditions. Therefore, the data collected by an outside station were used as covariates. A heat-stress model was used to determine the threshold temperature (THRT) at which a cow begins to increase its respiratory rate; THRT was the response variable in the statistical model. The THRT model takes in account assumed values of a cow's physiological characteristics: daily milk yield of 45 kg, containing 3.5% fat, and 3 mm fur depth. The independent variables were: orientation, barn type, roof slope, roof ridge, marginal height, roof type (fixed or sliding) and barn width. Results showed that the optimal barn for high-yielding cows is the loose-housing type, oriented with its long axis perpendicular to the prevailing wind direction. Advantageous to the design would be an open ridge or pagoda with marginal height of over 4.7 m for north-south orientation and over 5 m for east-west orientation, roof slope over 11%, and barn width between 43 and 51 m for north-south orientation but lower than 42 m for east-west orientation. A sliding roof was also found to be an excellent solution when outside yards are banned by environmental regulations. Copyright © 2012 The Animal Consortium.
Note:
Related Files :
Animal
animal housing
Animals
cattle
Female
heat stress
humidity
Israel
wind
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Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1017/S1751731112001085
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
29431
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:46
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Optimal barn characteristics for high-yielding Holstein cows as derived by a new heat-stress model
7
Shoshani, E., Extension Service, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, PO Box 28, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel,
Hetzroni, A., Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Optimal barn characteristics for high-yielding Holstein cows as derived by a new heat-stress model
Meticulous planning is required to minimize heat-stress conditions in barns. The objective of this study was to determine optimum barn characteristics for high-yielding dairy cows under Israeli (Mediterranean) summer ambient conditions, by using a new stress model that takes ambient temperature, relative humidity and wind velocity into account. During the summers of 2004 and 2005, three meteorological stations were alternately installed in 39 barns: two stations inside the barn at the prevailing downwind direction, and a third station outside the upwind end of the barn. Ambient temperature, relative humidity, wind speed and direction were measured and recorded every 10 min for 3 to 5 consecutive days at each barn in turn. The data were collected at different geographical and climatic conditions. Therefore, the data collected by an outside station were used as covariates. A heat-stress model was used to determine the threshold temperature (THRT) at which a cow begins to increase its respiratory rate; THRT was the response variable in the statistical model. The THRT model takes in account assumed values of a cow's physiological characteristics: daily milk yield of 45 kg, containing 3.5% fat, and 3 mm fur depth. The independent variables were: orientation, barn type, roof slope, roof ridge, marginal height, roof type (fixed or sliding) and barn width. Results showed that the optimal barn for high-yielding cows is the loose-housing type, oriented with its long axis perpendicular to the prevailing wind direction. Advantageous to the design would be an open ridge or pagoda with marginal height of over 4.7 m for north-south orientation and over 5 m for east-west orientation, roof slope over 11%, and barn width between 43 and 51 m for north-south orientation but lower than 42 m for east-west orientation. A sliding roof was also found to be an excellent solution when outside yards are banned by environmental regulations. Copyright © 2012 The Animal Consortium.
Scientific Publication
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