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Light-requiring acifluorfen action in the absence of bulk photosynthetic pigments
Year:
1988
Authors :
Gaba, Victor
;
.
Volume :
31
Co-Authors:
Gaba, V., Department of Plant Genetics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, IL-76100, Israel
Cohen, N., Department of Plant Genetics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, IL-76100, Israel
Shaaltiel, Y., Department of Plant Genetics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, IL-76100, Israel
Ben-Amotz, A., Department of Biochemistry, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, IL-76100, Israel
Gressel, J., Department of Plant Genetics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, IL-76100, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
1
To page:
12
(
Total pages:
12
)
Abstract:
The nitrodiphenyl ether herbicide acifluorfen requires light for phytotoxicity even though it alone cannot absorb light. All possible major pigment systems have been implicated as the photoreceptor. We tested whether carotenoids and chlorophyll are essential for phytotoxicity. We used green-photosynthetic (mixotrophic) tomato cell cultures, etiolated cells of the same line (containing carotenoids but no chlorophyll), and carotenoid-free white cells (by continuously culturing etiolated cells on norflurazon). All three cell culture types parallel plants insofar as the first measureable effect is membrane lipoxidation. Acifluorfen at 1 μM had little effect in darkness, but strongly inhibited growth of all cultures in 40 μmol m-2 sec-1 white light. Acifluorfen at 0.1 μM did not affect green cells in light, but inhibited the growth of white and etiolated cells. Action spectroscopy showed that 350-nm light was the most effective wavelength inhibiting the growth of white cells with 1 μM acifluorfen, followed by 550-nm, 450-nm, cool-white fluorescent, and 630-nm light, with only a threefold difference between 350-nm and red light. Far-red light was ineffective. These data demonstrate that in this system, chlorophyll, carotenes, cryptochrome, flavins, and phytochrome cannot be the sole photoreceptor for acifluorfen action. Our data, along with all other published findings are consistent with two hypotheses: (a) that acifluorfen interacts with other moieties to produce broad-spectrum chromophore(s) that react(s) with oxygen, forming active-oxygen species in the light; (b) that acifluorfen stimulates the accumulation of chromophoric photodynamic molecules. © 1988.
Note:
Related Files :
acifluorfen
carotenoid
chlorophyll
higher plant
Phytotoxicity
tomato
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Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1016/0048-3575(88)90023-5
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
29501
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:47
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Scientific Publication
Light-requiring acifluorfen action in the absence of bulk photosynthetic pigments
31
Gaba, V., Department of Plant Genetics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, IL-76100, Israel
Cohen, N., Department of Plant Genetics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, IL-76100, Israel
Shaaltiel, Y., Department of Plant Genetics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, IL-76100, Israel
Ben-Amotz, A., Department of Biochemistry, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, IL-76100, Israel
Gressel, J., Department of Plant Genetics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, IL-76100, Israel
Light-requiring acifluorfen action in the absence of bulk photosynthetic pigments
The nitrodiphenyl ether herbicide acifluorfen requires light for phytotoxicity even though it alone cannot absorb light. All possible major pigment systems have been implicated as the photoreceptor. We tested whether carotenoids and chlorophyll are essential for phytotoxicity. We used green-photosynthetic (mixotrophic) tomato cell cultures, etiolated cells of the same line (containing carotenoids but no chlorophyll), and carotenoid-free white cells (by continuously culturing etiolated cells on norflurazon). All three cell culture types parallel plants insofar as the first measureable effect is membrane lipoxidation. Acifluorfen at 1 μM had little effect in darkness, but strongly inhibited growth of all cultures in 40 μmol m-2 sec-1 white light. Acifluorfen at 0.1 μM did not affect green cells in light, but inhibited the growth of white and etiolated cells. Action spectroscopy showed that 350-nm light was the most effective wavelength inhibiting the growth of white cells with 1 μM acifluorfen, followed by 550-nm, 450-nm, cool-white fluorescent, and 630-nm light, with only a threefold difference between 350-nm and red light. Far-red light was ineffective. These data demonstrate that in this system, chlorophyll, carotenes, cryptochrome, flavins, and phytochrome cannot be the sole photoreceptor for acifluorfen action. Our data, along with all other published findings are consistent with two hypotheses: (a) that acifluorfen interacts with other moieties to produce broad-spectrum chromophore(s) that react(s) with oxygen, forming active-oxygen species in the light; (b) that acifluorfen stimulates the accumulation of chromophoric photodynamic molecules. © 1988.
Scientific Publication
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