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The role of autumn infections in the progression of fire blight symptoms in perennial pear branches
Year:
2003
Source of publication :
Plant Disease
Authors :
Blachinsky, Daphna
;
.
Shtienberg, Dan
;
.
Volume :
87
Co-Authors:
Blachinsky, D., Department of Plant Pathology, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Shtienberg, D., Department of Plant Pathology, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Oppenheim, D., Extension Service, Ministry of Agriculture, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Zilberstaine, M., Extension Service, Ministry of Agriculture, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Levi, S., G.O.F.R. Central, Hadera, Israel
Zamski, E., Inst. of Plant Science and Genetics, Fac. Agric. Food/Environ. Qual. Sci., Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot 70600, Israel
Shoseyov, O., Inst. of Plant Science and Genetics, Fac. Agric. Food/Environ. Qual. Sci., Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot 70600, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
1077
To page:
1082
(
Total pages:
6
)
Abstract:
The role of autumn infections in the progression of fire blight (caused by Erwinia amylovora) symptoms in perennial pear branches was studied in orchard-grown trees in Israel. The extent of symptom progression and the final length of fire blight cankers in perennial branches were variably affected by the vigor of the trees and the season of infection. Following spring infections, when all trees supported active shoot growth, fire blight symptoms progressed more rapidly and to longer distances in trees that exhibited high vigor (i.e., with numerous annual shoots on most terminal branches) than in low-vigor trees (i.e., few or no annual shoots on terminal branches). Irrespective of the vigor of the trees, the progression of fire blight symptoms in perennial branches ceased between mid-May and mid-July, and only a small proportion (0 to 14.2%) of the infections had invaded main limbs or trunks of trees. Progression of fire blight symptoms following autumn infections was related to the preceding summer (August to November) shoot regrowth: in trees in which the shoots did not restore their growth in the summer, the rate of symptom progression in perennial branches was higher in trees with a low vigor than in those with a high vigor, whereas for those with summer regrowth the relationship between rates of symptom expression was reversed. Irrespective of the vigor group and of whether there was summer regrowth, symptoms in perennial branches continued to progress through the winter until the following spring. Most of the autumn infections (50 to 78.5%) that developed in susceptible trees had invaded main limbs or trunks of trees. The results of this study indicate that factors related to host phenology and physiology, rather than factors related to environmental influences (such as temperature), govern the extent, rate, and duration of fire blight progression in perennial pear branches. Furthermore, it turned out that autumn infections play a substantial role in fire blight epidemiology in Israel.
Note:
Related Files :
epidemiology
Erwinia amylovora
Forestry
Growth kinetics
Infections
Plants (botany)
Pyrus communis
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Related Content
More details
DOI :
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
29504
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:47
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Scientific Publication
The role of autumn infections in the progression of fire blight symptoms in perennial pear branches
87
Blachinsky, D., Department of Plant Pathology, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Shtienberg, D., Department of Plant Pathology, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Oppenheim, D., Extension Service, Ministry of Agriculture, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Zilberstaine, M., Extension Service, Ministry of Agriculture, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Levi, S., G.O.F.R. Central, Hadera, Israel
Zamski, E., Inst. of Plant Science and Genetics, Fac. Agric. Food/Environ. Qual. Sci., Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot 70600, Israel
Shoseyov, O., Inst. of Plant Science and Genetics, Fac. Agric. Food/Environ. Qual. Sci., Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot 70600, Israel
The role of autumn infections in the progression of fire blight symptoms in perennial pear branches
The role of autumn infections in the progression of fire blight (caused by Erwinia amylovora) symptoms in perennial pear branches was studied in orchard-grown trees in Israel. The extent of symptom progression and the final length of fire blight cankers in perennial branches were variably affected by the vigor of the trees and the season of infection. Following spring infections, when all trees supported active shoot growth, fire blight symptoms progressed more rapidly and to longer distances in trees that exhibited high vigor (i.e., with numerous annual shoots on most terminal branches) than in low-vigor trees (i.e., few or no annual shoots on terminal branches). Irrespective of the vigor of the trees, the progression of fire blight symptoms in perennial branches ceased between mid-May and mid-July, and only a small proportion (0 to 14.2%) of the infections had invaded main limbs or trunks of trees. Progression of fire blight symptoms following autumn infections was related to the preceding summer (August to November) shoot regrowth: in trees in which the shoots did not restore their growth in the summer, the rate of symptom progression in perennial branches was higher in trees with a low vigor than in those with a high vigor, whereas for those with summer regrowth the relationship between rates of symptom expression was reversed. Irrespective of the vigor group and of whether there was summer regrowth, symptoms in perennial branches continued to progress through the winter until the following spring. Most of the autumn infections (50 to 78.5%) that developed in susceptible trees had invaded main limbs or trunks of trees. The results of this study indicate that factors related to host phenology and physiology, rather than factors related to environmental influences (such as temperature), govern the extent, rate, and duration of fire blight progression in perennial pear branches. Furthermore, it turned out that autumn infections play a substantial role in fire blight epidemiology in Israel.
Scientific Publication
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