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Thermal treatments prior to and during the beginning of incubation affect phenotypic characteristics of broiler chickens posthatching
Year:
2013
Source of publication :
Poultry Science
Authors :
Druyan, Shelly
;
.
Piestun, Yogev
;
.
Yahav, Shlomo
;
.
Volume :
92
Co-Authors:
Piestun, Y., Institute of Animal Science, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Druyan, S., Institute of Animal Science, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Brake, J., Department of Poultry Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh 27695-7608, United States
Yahav, S., Institute of Animal Science, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
882
To page:
889
(
Total pages:
8
)
Abstract:
The significance and importance of the preincubation and incubation temperatures for broiler chickens has been elucidated by altering normal incubation conditions to study the effects on embryo development. Furthermore, only recently has convincing evidence that temperature could influence the sex ratio of avian offspring become available. The objective of this study was to elucidate the effects of temperature before or during (or both) the sex determination period of incubation on hatchability, apparent sex ratio, growth and development posthatching, and secondary sexual phenotypic characteristics. Two experiments were conducted in winter and summer using Cobb 500 fertile eggs that had been stored for 4 and 9 d, respectively. Four treatments of 180 eggs each were applied: control, preheating (Pre) 30.2°C for 12 h before incubation, heating (38.1°C) the embryos between embryonic d 0 (E0) and E5 (M) of incubation, and a combination of both (Pre+M). All 3 thermal treatments increased early embryonic deaths, but improved hatchability in both experiments. The point of 50% hatchability was achieved more rapidly in the treated eggs. The BW of males and females at 35 d of age in both experiments was numerically or significantly greater in the broilers that had been exposed to thermal treatments, which was coincident with a similar trend for increased relative breast muscle weight. Secondary sexual characteristics (comb, wattles, testes in males) were also affected by thermal treatments, being heavier in most cases, which may be attributed to the finding that the 3 thermal treatments resulted in numerically or significantly increased plasma testosterone concentration in both sexes and experiments. Differences in the level of significance between the experiments probably related to the length of storage period and the season in which each experiment took place. It was concluded that thermal treatments preincubation or during the sex determination period of incubation had, in general, a positive effect on hatchability, growth performance, and secondary sexual characteristics of broiler males and females, probably caused by the increase of plasma testosterone concentration in both sexes. © 2013 Poultry Science Association Inc.
Note:
Related Files :
Animal
Animals
Female
Genetics
Growth, Development and Aging
Histology
Male
phenotype
season
sex ratio
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.3382/ps.2012-02568
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
29590
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:48
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Scientific Publication
Thermal treatments prior to and during the beginning of incubation affect phenotypic characteristics of broiler chickens posthatching
92
Piestun, Y., Institute of Animal Science, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Druyan, S., Institute of Animal Science, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Brake, J., Department of Poultry Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh 27695-7608, United States
Yahav, S., Institute of Animal Science, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Thermal treatments prior to and during the beginning of incubation affect phenotypic characteristics of broiler chickens posthatching
The significance and importance of the preincubation and incubation temperatures for broiler chickens has been elucidated by altering normal incubation conditions to study the effects on embryo development. Furthermore, only recently has convincing evidence that temperature could influence the sex ratio of avian offspring become available. The objective of this study was to elucidate the effects of temperature before or during (or both) the sex determination period of incubation on hatchability, apparent sex ratio, growth and development posthatching, and secondary sexual phenotypic characteristics. Two experiments were conducted in winter and summer using Cobb 500 fertile eggs that had been stored for 4 and 9 d, respectively. Four treatments of 180 eggs each were applied: control, preheating (Pre) 30.2°C for 12 h before incubation, heating (38.1°C) the embryos between embryonic d 0 (E0) and E5 (M) of incubation, and a combination of both (Pre+M). All 3 thermal treatments increased early embryonic deaths, but improved hatchability in both experiments. The point of 50% hatchability was achieved more rapidly in the treated eggs. The BW of males and females at 35 d of age in both experiments was numerically or significantly greater in the broilers that had been exposed to thermal treatments, which was coincident with a similar trend for increased relative breast muscle weight. Secondary sexual characteristics (comb, wattles, testes in males) were also affected by thermal treatments, being heavier in most cases, which may be attributed to the finding that the 3 thermal treatments resulted in numerically or significantly increased plasma testosterone concentration in both sexes and experiments. Differences in the level of significance between the experiments probably related to the length of storage period and the season in which each experiment took place. It was concluded that thermal treatments preincubation or during the sex determination period of incubation had, in general, a positive effect on hatchability, growth performance, and secondary sexual characteristics of broiler males and females, probably caused by the increase of plasma testosterone concentration in both sexes. © 2013 Poultry Science Association Inc.
Scientific Publication
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