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Response by encapsulation of four mealybug species (homoptera: pseudococcidae) to parasitization by Anagyrus pseudococci
Year:
1995
Source of publication :
Phytoparasitica
Authors :
Blumberg, Daniel
;
.
Mendel, Zvi
;
.
Volume :
23
Co-Authors:
Blumberg, D.
Klein, M.
Mendel, Z., Dept. of Entomology, ARO, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
157
To page:
163
(
Total pages:
7
)
Abstract:
The frequency of encapsulation of eggs of Anagyrus pseudococci (Girault) (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) by four mealybug species:Planococcus citri (Risso), PL vovae (Nasonov), Pl. ficus (Signoret) and Pseudococcus cryptus Hempel (=citriculus Green), was studied under controlled laboratory conditions. The aggregate percentage of encapsulated eggs (AE) and the percentage of efficient encapsulation (EE) (= percent parasitized mealybugs wherein encapsulation prevented the development of all parasitoid larvae) by Pl. citri and Pl. vovae did not differ significantly (39.0%vs 38.2% AE and 15.4%vs 17.6% EE, respectively), but was significantly higher than in Ps. cryptus (16.2% AE and 5.4% EE). Encapsulation by Pl. vovae was significantly higher than by Pl. ficus (38.2%vs 20.1% AE and 17.6% vs 7.7% EE, respectively). Neither the host plant nor the rearing temperature significantly affected the incidence of parasitoid encapsulation. It is suggested that A. pseudococci displays a relatively low physiological adaptation to Pl. citri; thus, in a citrus grove, for example, ca 40% of the parasitoid eggs might be lost due to encapsulation. The question of a possible association between encapsulation and host-parasitoid relationships among the mealybugs studied and A. pseudococci, is discussed. © 1995 Springer Science + Business Media B.V.
Note:
Related Files :
Anagyrus pseudococci
Mealybugs
parasitoid encapsulation
Pl. vovae
Planococcus citri
PL ficus
Pseudococcus cryptus (=citriculus)
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More details
DOI :
10.1007/BF02980975
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
29622
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:48
You may also be interested in
Scientific Publication
Response by encapsulation of four mealybug species (homoptera: pseudococcidae) to parasitization by Anagyrus pseudococci
23
Blumberg, D.
Klein, M.
Mendel, Z., Dept. of Entomology, ARO, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Response by encapsulation of four mealybug species (homoptera: pseudococcidae) to parasitization by Anagyrus pseudococci
The frequency of encapsulation of eggs of Anagyrus pseudococci (Girault) (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) by four mealybug species:Planococcus citri (Risso), PL vovae (Nasonov), Pl. ficus (Signoret) and Pseudococcus cryptus Hempel (=citriculus Green), was studied under controlled laboratory conditions. The aggregate percentage of encapsulated eggs (AE) and the percentage of efficient encapsulation (EE) (= percent parasitized mealybugs wherein encapsulation prevented the development of all parasitoid larvae) by Pl. citri and Pl. vovae did not differ significantly (39.0%vs 38.2% AE and 15.4%vs 17.6% EE, respectively), but was significantly higher than in Ps. cryptus (16.2% AE and 5.4% EE). Encapsulation by Pl. vovae was significantly higher than by Pl. ficus (38.2%vs 20.1% AE and 17.6% vs 7.7% EE, respectively). Neither the host plant nor the rearing temperature significantly affected the incidence of parasitoid encapsulation. It is suggested that A. pseudococci displays a relatively low physiological adaptation to Pl. citri; thus, in a citrus grove, for example, ca 40% of the parasitoid eggs might be lost due to encapsulation. The question of a possible association between encapsulation and host-parasitoid relationships among the mealybugs studied and A. pseudococci, is discussed. © 1995 Springer Science + Business Media B.V.
Scientific Publication
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