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Evaluation of entomopathogenic nematodes for biocontrol of the European corn borer, Ostrinia nubilalis, on sweet corn in Israel
Year:
1998
Source of publication :
Phytoparasitica
Authors :
Ben-Yakir, David
;
.
Efron, David
;
.
Glazer, Itamar
;
.
Hen, Michael
;
.
Volume :
26
Co-Authors:
Ben-Yakir, D., Dept. of Entomology, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Efron, D., Dept. of Entomology, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Fac. Agric., Food Environ. Qual. S., Rehovot 76100, Israel
Chen, M., Dept. of Entomology, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Glazer, I., Dept. of Nematology, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
101
To page:
108
(
Total pages:
8
)
Abstract:
The potential of entomopathogenic nematodes for biological control of the European corn borer (ECB), Ostrinia nubilalis (Hubner), was evaluated under laboratory, screenhouse and field conditions. The 'All' and 'Mexican' strains of Steinernema carpocapsae (Weiser) and the 'HP88' strain of Heterorhabditis bacteriophora Poinar were compared in both dose response assays (5, 50 and 500 infective juveniles [IJ] per petri dish containing five 5th-instar ECB eggs; 72 h of incubation) and exposure time assays (3, 6 and 9 h of incubation). In the dose response assays the highest rates of ECB killing resulted from infestation with the Mexican strain of S. carpocapsae. In the exposure time assays there were no significant differences between the killing rates of the three nematode strains. Sweet corn plants (Zea mays var. saccharata) grown in a screenhouse, were infested with ECB neonates and 4 days later sprayed with a suspension of the Mexican strain of S. carpocapsae (50,000 IJ per plant). The number of ECB larvae found on treated corn plants after one week was significantly (P=0.05) lower (3- to 5-fold) than the number found on untreated plants. Similar treatment in the field significantly reduced the rate of economic ear damage from 20% to 5%.
Note:
Related Files :
biological control
Entomopathogenic nematodes
Israel
Steinernema carpocapsae
Zea mays
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:

Itamar's own PDF.

ID:
29625
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:48
Scientific Publication
Evaluation of entomopathogenic nematodes for biocontrol of the European corn borer, Ostrinia nubilalis, on sweet corn in Israel
26
Ben-Yakir, D., Dept. of Entomology, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Efron, D., Dept. of Entomology, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Fac. Agric., Food Environ. Qual. S., Rehovot 76100, Israel
Chen, M., Dept. of Entomology, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Glazer, I., Dept. of Nematology, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Evaluation of entomopathogenic nematodes for biocontrol of the European corn borer, Ostrinia nubilalis, on sweet corn in Israel
The potential of entomopathogenic nematodes for biological control of the European corn borer (ECB), Ostrinia nubilalis (Hubner), was evaluated under laboratory, screenhouse and field conditions. The 'All' and 'Mexican' strains of Steinernema carpocapsae (Weiser) and the 'HP88' strain of Heterorhabditis bacteriophora Poinar were compared in both dose response assays (5, 50 and 500 infective juveniles [IJ] per petri dish containing five 5th-instar ECB eggs; 72 h of incubation) and exposure time assays (3, 6 and 9 h of incubation). In the dose response assays the highest rates of ECB killing resulted from infestation with the Mexican strain of S. carpocapsae. In the exposure time assays there were no significant differences between the killing rates of the three nematode strains. Sweet corn plants (Zea mays var. saccharata) grown in a screenhouse, were infested with ECB neonates and 4 days later sprayed with a suspension of the Mexican strain of S. carpocapsae (50,000 IJ per plant). The number of ECB larvae found on treated corn plants after one week was significantly (P=0.05) lower (3- to 5-fold) than the number found on untreated plants. Similar treatment in the field significantly reduced the rate of economic ear damage from 20% to 5%.
Scientific Publication
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