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Cutin deficiency in the tomato fruit cuticle consistently affects resistance to microbial infection and biomechanical properties, but not transpirational water loss
Year:
2009
Source of publication :
Plant Journal
Authors :
Isaacson, Tal
;
.
Volume :
60
Co-Authors:
Isaacson, T., Department of Plant Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, United States
Kosma, D.K., Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, United States
Matas, A.J., Department of Plant Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, United States
Buda, G.J., Department of Plant Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, United States
He, Y., Department of Plant Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, United States
Yu, B., Department of Chemistry, College of Staten Island and City College of New York, City University of New York, New York, NY 10031, United States
Pravitasari, A., Department of Chemistry, Texas AandM University, College Station, TX 77842-3012, United States
Batteas, J.D., Department of Chemistry, Texas AandM University, College Station, TX 77842-3012, United States
Stark, R.E., Department of Chemistry, College of Staten Island and City College of New York, City University of New York, New York, NY 10031, United States
Jenks, M.A., Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, United States
Rose, J.K.C., Department of Plant Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, United States
Facilitators :
From page:
363
To page:
377
(
Total pages:
15
)
Abstract:
Plant cuticles are broadly composed of two major components: polymeric cutin and a mixture of waxes, which infiltrate the cutin matrix and also accumulate on the surface, forming an epicuticular layer. Although cuticles are thought to play a number of important physiological roles, with the most important being to restrict water loss from aerial plant organs, the relative contributions of cutin and waxes to cuticle function are still not well understood. Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) fruits provide an attractive experimental system to address this question as, unlike other model plants such as Arabidopsis, they have a relatively thick astomatous cuticle, providing a poreless uniform material that is easy to isolate and handle. We identified three tomato mutants, cutin deficient 1 (cd1), cd2 and cd3, the fruit cuticles of which have a dramatic (95-98%) reduction in cutin content and substantially altered, but distinctly different, architectures. This cutin deficiency resulted in an increase in cuticle surface stiffness, and in the proportions of both hydrophilic and multiply bonded polymeric constituents. Furthermore, our data suggested that there is no correlation between the amount of cutin and the permeability of the cuticle to water, but that cutin plays an important role in protecting tissues from microbial infection. The three cd mutations were mapped to different loci, and the cloning of CD2 revealed it to encode a homeodomain protein, which we propose acts as a key regulator of cutin biosynthesis in tomato fruit. © 2009 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Note:
Related Files :
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evapotranspiration
Genetics
molecular genetics
mutation
phenotype
water
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1111/j.1365-313X.2009.03969.x
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
29641
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:48
You may also be interested in
Scientific Publication
Cutin deficiency in the tomato fruit cuticle consistently affects resistance to microbial infection and biomechanical properties, but not transpirational water loss
60
Isaacson, T., Department of Plant Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, United States
Kosma, D.K., Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, United States
Matas, A.J., Department of Plant Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, United States
Buda, G.J., Department of Plant Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, United States
He, Y., Department of Plant Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, United States
Yu, B., Department of Chemistry, College of Staten Island and City College of New York, City University of New York, New York, NY 10031, United States
Pravitasari, A., Department of Chemistry, Texas AandM University, College Station, TX 77842-3012, United States
Batteas, J.D., Department of Chemistry, Texas AandM University, College Station, TX 77842-3012, United States
Stark, R.E., Department of Chemistry, College of Staten Island and City College of New York, City University of New York, New York, NY 10031, United States
Jenks, M.A., Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, United States
Rose, J.K.C., Department of Plant Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, United States
Cutin deficiency in the tomato fruit cuticle consistently affects resistance to microbial infection and biomechanical properties, but not transpirational water loss
Plant cuticles are broadly composed of two major components: polymeric cutin and a mixture of waxes, which infiltrate the cutin matrix and also accumulate on the surface, forming an epicuticular layer. Although cuticles are thought to play a number of important physiological roles, with the most important being to restrict water loss from aerial plant organs, the relative contributions of cutin and waxes to cuticle function are still not well understood. Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) fruits provide an attractive experimental system to address this question as, unlike other model plants such as Arabidopsis, they have a relatively thick astomatous cuticle, providing a poreless uniform material that is easy to isolate and handle. We identified three tomato mutants, cutin deficient 1 (cd1), cd2 and cd3, the fruit cuticles of which have a dramatic (95-98%) reduction in cutin content and substantially altered, but distinctly different, architectures. This cutin deficiency resulted in an increase in cuticle surface stiffness, and in the proportions of both hydrophilic and multiply bonded polymeric constituents. Furthermore, our data suggested that there is no correlation between the amount of cutin and the permeability of the cuticle to water, but that cutin plays an important role in protecting tissues from microbial infection. The three cd mutations were mapped to different loci, and the cloning of CD2 revealed it to encode a homeodomain protein, which we propose acts as a key regulator of cutin biosynthesis in tomato fruit. © 2009 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Scientific Publication
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