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The effect of fish density and species combination on growth and utilization of natural food in ponds
Year:
1989
Source of publication :
Aquaculture Research
Authors :
Hepher, Balfour
;
.
Milstein, Ana
;
.
Volume :
20
Co-Authors:
HEPHER, B., Fish and Aquaculture Research Station, Dor, Israel
MILSTEIN, A., Fish and Aquaculture Research Station, Dor, Israel
LEVENTER, H., Mekoroth Water Co., Central Laboratory, Nazareth, Israel
TELTSCH, B., Mekoroth Water Co., Central Laboratory, Nazareth, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
59
To page:
71
(
Total pages:
13
)
Abstract:
Abstract. Interactions between bottom‐feeding fish (common carp, Cyprinus carpio L., and hybrid tilapia) and a filter feeder (silver carp, Hypophthalmichthys molitrix (Valenciennes)) in polyculture were studied in fertilized ponds with no supplementary feeding. The silver carp were stocked at two densities: 1300 and 2600/ha. Growth rate and yield of each of the species were also compared with those in polyculture of bottom feeders alone, and in a monoculture of silver carp alone, at the same densities. The consumption of natural feed as melabolizable energy (ME) was calculated by the energy balance (requirement for maintenance and growth divided by the utilization efficiency). Increasing the density of silver carp reduced proportionally their own growth rate, due to the limited amount of food. Above a density of about 1000/ha, silver carp inhibit the growth rate of common carp and tilapia. This inhibition was small at 1300 silver carp/ha, but considerable at 2600/ha. However, the presence of bottom feeders increased the growth rate of silver carp at both densities. Calculated natural food consumption showed that growth interactions between species were brought about through the availability of food. The synergistic effect of the bottom‐feeding fish on the silver carp is assumed to be due to the upwelling of bottom nutrients to the upper layers of water by the burrowing of the fish in the mud. Combined yield of all species in the polyculture was highest at the density of 1300 silver carp/ha (2116 kg/ha in 156 days). At 2600 silver carp/ha the inhibition of growth rate of silver carp itself, reduced total yield as compared with the lower density. Copyright © 1989, Wiley Blackwell. All rights reserved
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More details
DOI :
10.1111/j.1365-2109.1989.tb00441.x
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
29685
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:48
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Scientific Publication
The effect of fish density and species combination on growth and utilization of natural food in ponds
20
HEPHER, B., Fish and Aquaculture Research Station, Dor, Israel
MILSTEIN, A., Fish and Aquaculture Research Station, Dor, Israel
LEVENTER, H., Mekoroth Water Co., Central Laboratory, Nazareth, Israel
TELTSCH, B., Mekoroth Water Co., Central Laboratory, Nazareth, Israel
The effect of fish density and species combination on growth and utilization of natural food in ponds
Abstract. Interactions between bottom‐feeding fish (common carp, Cyprinus carpio L., and hybrid tilapia) and a filter feeder (silver carp, Hypophthalmichthys molitrix (Valenciennes)) in polyculture were studied in fertilized ponds with no supplementary feeding. The silver carp were stocked at two densities: 1300 and 2600/ha. Growth rate and yield of each of the species were also compared with those in polyculture of bottom feeders alone, and in a monoculture of silver carp alone, at the same densities. The consumption of natural feed as melabolizable energy (ME) was calculated by the energy balance (requirement for maintenance and growth divided by the utilization efficiency). Increasing the density of silver carp reduced proportionally their own growth rate, due to the limited amount of food. Above a density of about 1000/ha, silver carp inhibit the growth rate of common carp and tilapia. This inhibition was small at 1300 silver carp/ha, but considerable at 2600/ha. However, the presence of bottom feeders increased the growth rate of silver carp at both densities. Calculated natural food consumption showed that growth interactions between species were brought about through the availability of food. The synergistic effect of the bottom‐feeding fish on the silver carp is assumed to be due to the upwelling of bottom nutrients to the upper layers of water by the burrowing of the fish in the mud. Combined yield of all species in the polyculture was highest at the density of 1300 silver carp/ha (2116 kg/ha in 156 days). At 2600 silver carp/ha the inhibition of growth rate of silver carp itself, reduced total yield as compared with the lower density. Copyright © 1989, Wiley Blackwell. All rights reserved
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