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Induced systemic resistance in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) against Botrytis cinerea by biochar amendment involves jasmonic acid signaling
Year:
2015
Source of publication :
Plant and Soil
Authors :
Elad, Yigal
;
.
Graber, Ellen
;
.
Harel, Yael Meller
;
.
Rav David, Dalia
;
.
Volume :
395
Co-Authors:
Mehari, Z.H., Department of Plant Pathology and Weed Research, Institute of Plant Protection, The Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, Bet Dagan, Israel, Instituto Agrario di San Michele all’Adige, Trento, Italy
Elad, Y., Department of Plant Pathology and Weed Research, Institute of Plant Protection, The Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, Bet Dagan, Israel
Rav-David, D., Department of Plant Pathology and Weed Research, Institute of Plant Protection, The Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, Bet Dagan, Israel
Graber, E.R., Department of Soil Chemistry, Plant Nutrition and Microbiology, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Bet Dagan, Israel
Meller Harel, Y., Department of Plant Pathology and Weed Research, Institute of Plant Protection, The Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, Bet Dagan, Israel, Plant Protection and Inspection Services, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, P.O. Box 78, Bet Dagan, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
31
To page:
44
(
Total pages:
14
)
Abstract:
Aims: The goal of this study was to identify the induced resistance pathway mediated by biochar in the tomato – Botrytis cinerea pathosystem. Methods: Tomato wild types and mutants modified in their salicylic acid (SA), ethylene (ET) or jasmonic acid (JA) metabolism were grown in a potting medium amended with biochar produced at 450 ºC from greenhouse wastes, to identify the possible pathway(s) involved in biochar-mediated resistance to B. cinerea. Early cellular response of H2O2 accumulation was biochemically tested, and the transcriptional changes of 12 defense-related genes upon B. cinerea challenge of detached leaflets were analyzed. Results: Biochar amendment resulted in about 50 % reduction in B. cinerea disease severity in all tested genotypes with the exception of a JA deficient mutant, def1. Biochar amendment induced priming of early as well as late-acting defense responses particularly in the genes Pti5 (ET-related) and Pi2 (JA-related), which are known to be crucial in resistance against B. cinerea. Stronger and earlier H2O2 accumulation subsequent to B. cinerea inoculation in all genotypes was observed as a result of biochar amendment, with the exception of the def1 mutation. Conclusion: Biochar-mediated IR in the B. cinerea-tomato pathosystem involves the JA pathway. © 2015, Springer International Publishing Switzerland.
Note:
Related Files :
biochar
Botrytis
ethylene
gene expression
Induced resistance
jasmonic acid
metabolism
pest resistance
Plant Disease
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1007/s11104-015-2445-1
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
29714
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:49
Scientific Publication
Induced systemic resistance in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) against Botrytis cinerea by biochar amendment involves jasmonic acid signaling
395
Mehari, Z.H., Department of Plant Pathology and Weed Research, Institute of Plant Protection, The Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, Bet Dagan, Israel, Instituto Agrario di San Michele all’Adige, Trento, Italy
Elad, Y., Department of Plant Pathology and Weed Research, Institute of Plant Protection, The Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, Bet Dagan, Israel
Rav-David, D., Department of Plant Pathology and Weed Research, Institute of Plant Protection, The Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, Bet Dagan, Israel
Graber, E.R., Department of Soil Chemistry, Plant Nutrition and Microbiology, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Bet Dagan, Israel
Meller Harel, Y., Department of Plant Pathology and Weed Research, Institute of Plant Protection, The Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, Bet Dagan, Israel, Plant Protection and Inspection Services, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, P.O. Box 78, Bet Dagan, Israel
Induced systemic resistance in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) against Botrytis cinerea by biochar amendment involves jasmonic acid signaling
Aims: The goal of this study was to identify the induced resistance pathway mediated by biochar in the tomato – Botrytis cinerea pathosystem. Methods: Tomato wild types and mutants modified in their salicylic acid (SA), ethylene (ET) or jasmonic acid (JA) metabolism were grown in a potting medium amended with biochar produced at 450 ºC from greenhouse wastes, to identify the possible pathway(s) involved in biochar-mediated resistance to B. cinerea. Early cellular response of H2O2 accumulation was biochemically tested, and the transcriptional changes of 12 defense-related genes upon B. cinerea challenge of detached leaflets were analyzed. Results: Biochar amendment resulted in about 50 % reduction in B. cinerea disease severity in all tested genotypes with the exception of a JA deficient mutant, def1. Biochar amendment induced priming of early as well as late-acting defense responses particularly in the genes Pti5 (ET-related) and Pi2 (JA-related), which are known to be crucial in resistance against B. cinerea. Stronger and earlier H2O2 accumulation subsequent to B. cinerea inoculation in all genotypes was observed as a result of biochar amendment, with the exception of the def1 mutation. Conclusion: Biochar-mediated IR in the B. cinerea-tomato pathosystem involves the JA pathway. © 2015, Springer International Publishing Switzerland.
Scientific Publication
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