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The effects of partially substituting Indian carps or adding silver carp on polycultures including small indigenous fish species (SIS)
Year:
2008
Source of publication :
aquaculture (source)
Authors :
Milstein, Ana
;
.
Volume :
279
Co-Authors:
Milstein, A., Fish and Aquaculture Research Station Dor, M. P. Hof Ha Carmel, 30820, Israel
Kadir, A., Department of Fisheries Management, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh
Wahab, M.A., Department of Fisheries Management, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh
Facilitators :
From page:
92
To page:
98
(
Total pages:
7
)
Abstract:
A sustainable semi-intensive pond aquaculture technology including major carp species (Indian, Chinese and common carp) as cash-crop and small indigenous fish species (SIS) as food for the farmers' families is being optimized in Bangladesh. Silver carp inclusion in the polyculture is now being considered, because this very efficient filter feeder has a strong impact on pond ecology and also on the farmers' family nutrition because it is a cheap fish that the family can afford to eat instead of selling. The present paper is centered on the reduction of silver carp negative effects on other species while keeping the advantages of increased total yield and income due to silver carp stocking. It presents the results of two experiments, one on-station and one on-farm, in which 3-5 silver carp/100 m2 were added or partially substituted major carp filter feeders. The basic stocking density was 100 carps (rohu, catla and a bottom feeder, either mrigal or common carp, at a 1:1:1 ratio) and 250 SIS (punti and mola) per 100 m2. In the on-station experiment silver carp density was 3 and 5 fish/100 m2 and the large carp bottom feeder was common carp. In the on-farm experiment silver carp density was 5 fish/100 m2 and the bottom feeder was either common carp or mrigal. Most of the water quality and fish performance parameters tested were not affected by the polyculture composition. Adding 3-5% silver carp or substituting 3-5% of the herbivorous fish species by this highly efficient filter feeder increased grazing pressure on the phytoplankton, which led to a 25-40% reduction of the chlorophyll concentration in the water column. The increased grazing pressure was not enough to affect other water quality parameters and fewer effects on the availability of food for the other fish species occurred than when the silver carp addition was 10% of the polyculture, as reported in a previous work. The strong negative effects of silver carp on the other species of the polyculture and the higher total yields and income recorded in previous experiments with the addition of 10 silver carp/100 m2 were much weaker and their expression depended on other pond conditions when 3 or 5 silver carp/100 m2 were added or substituted the same number of rohu or catla, either when the bottom feeder was mrigal or common carp. It was concluded that stocking 3 silver carp/100 m2 over the usual 100 large carp and 250 SIS /100 m2 can be considered a 'no effect' stocking density in relation to the control without silver carp, while stocking 10 silver carp/100 m2 should be preferred by farmers to keep the option of selling or consuming the silver carp. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Note:
Related Files :
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Cyprinidae
Cyprinus carpio
Hypophthalmichthys nobilis
Natural food web
stock enhancement
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1016/j.aquaculture.2008.04.009
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
29733
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:49
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Scientific Publication
The effects of partially substituting Indian carps or adding silver carp on polycultures including small indigenous fish species (SIS)
279
Milstein, A., Fish and Aquaculture Research Station Dor, M. P. Hof Ha Carmel, 30820, Israel
Kadir, A., Department of Fisheries Management, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh
Wahab, M.A., Department of Fisheries Management, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh
The effects of partially substituting Indian carps or adding silver carp on polycultures including small indigenous fish species (SIS)
A sustainable semi-intensive pond aquaculture technology including major carp species (Indian, Chinese and common carp) as cash-crop and small indigenous fish species (SIS) as food for the farmers' families is being optimized in Bangladesh. Silver carp inclusion in the polyculture is now being considered, because this very efficient filter feeder has a strong impact on pond ecology and also on the farmers' family nutrition because it is a cheap fish that the family can afford to eat instead of selling. The present paper is centered on the reduction of silver carp negative effects on other species while keeping the advantages of increased total yield and income due to silver carp stocking. It presents the results of two experiments, one on-station and one on-farm, in which 3-5 silver carp/100 m2 were added or partially substituted major carp filter feeders. The basic stocking density was 100 carps (rohu, catla and a bottom feeder, either mrigal or common carp, at a 1:1:1 ratio) and 250 SIS (punti and mola) per 100 m2. In the on-station experiment silver carp density was 3 and 5 fish/100 m2 and the large carp bottom feeder was common carp. In the on-farm experiment silver carp density was 5 fish/100 m2 and the bottom feeder was either common carp or mrigal. Most of the water quality and fish performance parameters tested were not affected by the polyculture composition. Adding 3-5% silver carp or substituting 3-5% of the herbivorous fish species by this highly efficient filter feeder increased grazing pressure on the phytoplankton, which led to a 25-40% reduction of the chlorophyll concentration in the water column. The increased grazing pressure was not enough to affect other water quality parameters and fewer effects on the availability of food for the other fish species occurred than when the silver carp addition was 10% of the polyculture, as reported in a previous work. The strong negative effects of silver carp on the other species of the polyculture and the higher total yields and income recorded in previous experiments with the addition of 10 silver carp/100 m2 were much weaker and their expression depended on other pond conditions when 3 or 5 silver carp/100 m2 were added or substituted the same number of rohu or catla, either when the bottom feeder was mrigal or common carp. It was concluded that stocking 3 silver carp/100 m2 over the usual 100 large carp and 250 SIS /100 m2 can be considered a 'no effect' stocking density in relation to the control without silver carp, while stocking 10 silver carp/100 m2 should be preferred by farmers to keep the option of selling or consuming the silver carp. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Scientific Publication
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