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Pathogenic variability of meloidogyne incognita populations occurring in pepper-production greenhouses in Israel toward Me1, Me3 and N pepper resistance genes
Year:
2017
Source of publication :
Plant Disease
Authors :
Bucki, Patricia
;
.
Horowitz, Sigal Brown
;
.
Iberkleid, Ionit
;
.
Ozalvo, Rachel
;
.
Paran, Ilan
;
.
Volume :
101
Co-Authors:
Bucki, P., Department of Entomology, Units of Chemistry and Nematology, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), The Volcani Center, Israel
Paran, I., Department of Vegetable and Field Crops, Plant Sciences, ARO, The Volcani Center, Israel
Ozalvo, R., Department of Entomology, Units of Chemistry and Nematology, ARO, the Volcani Center, Israel
Iberkleid, I., Department of Entomology, Units of Chemistry and Nematology, ARO, the Volcani Center, Israel, Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Ganot, L., Negev R & D Center, M.P.O 4, Negev, Israel
Miyara, S.B., Department of Entomology, Units of Chemistry and Nematology, ARO, the Volcani Center, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
1391
To page:
1401
(
Total pages:
11
)
Abstract:
Natural variation in the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita is problematic for breeding programs: populations possessing similar morphological characteristics can produce different reactions on the same host. We collected 30 widely dispersed M. incognita populations from protected pepper production systems in major pepper-growing regions of Israel and accurately identified their virulence characteristics by modified differential host test in a growth chamber on tomato, tobacco, cotton, melon, pepper, and peanut. Galling indices and reproduction were determined on the different hosts. All populations fit the published scheme for M. incognita race 2, except for reproduction on cotton plants by five out of 25 tested M. incognita populations, indicating host-range variations. Reaction of three genes that confer resistance to M. incognita—Me1, Me3 and N—to the collected populations was evaluated. Several M. incognita populations induced galling and reproduced successfully on pepper genotypes carrying Me3 and N, whereas plant resistance conferred by Me1 was more robust for all examined populations. Moreover, the effect of genetic background on Me1 resistance demonstrated a relative advantage of several genotypes in nematode infestations. Efficiency of Me3 under local nematode infestation was further studied with a homozygous line carrying two Me3 alleles. Reproduction of virulent populations on the homozygotes (Me3/ Me3) and heterozygotes (Me3/Me3+) was similar, suggesting a limited quantitative effect of Me3. These results present the first characterization of host range, reproduction, and molecular aspects of M. incognita from Israel and highlight the importance of taking a multidimensional approach in pepper-breeding programs for resistance to M. incognita. © 2017 The American Phytopathological Society.
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More details
DOI :
10.1094/PDIS-11-16-1686-RE
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
29753
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:49
You may also be interested in
Scientific Publication
Pathogenic variability of meloidogyne incognita populations occurring in pepper-production greenhouses in Israel toward Me1, Me3 and N pepper resistance genes
101
Bucki, P., Department of Entomology, Units of Chemistry and Nematology, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), The Volcani Center, Israel
Paran, I., Department of Vegetable and Field Crops, Plant Sciences, ARO, The Volcani Center, Israel
Ozalvo, R., Department of Entomology, Units of Chemistry and Nematology, ARO, the Volcani Center, Israel
Iberkleid, I., Department of Entomology, Units of Chemistry and Nematology, ARO, the Volcani Center, Israel, Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Ganot, L., Negev R & D Center, M.P.O 4, Negev, Israel
Miyara, S.B., Department of Entomology, Units of Chemistry and Nematology, ARO, the Volcani Center, Israel
Pathogenic variability of meloidogyne incognita populations occurring in pepper-production greenhouses in Israel toward Me1, Me3 and N pepper resistance genes
Natural variation in the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita is problematic for breeding programs: populations possessing similar morphological characteristics can produce different reactions on the same host. We collected 30 widely dispersed M. incognita populations from protected pepper production systems in major pepper-growing regions of Israel and accurately identified their virulence characteristics by modified differential host test in a growth chamber on tomato, tobacco, cotton, melon, pepper, and peanut. Galling indices and reproduction were determined on the different hosts. All populations fit the published scheme for M. incognita race 2, except for reproduction on cotton plants by five out of 25 tested M. incognita populations, indicating host-range variations. Reaction of three genes that confer resistance to M. incognita—Me1, Me3 and N—to the collected populations was evaluated. Several M. incognita populations induced galling and reproduced successfully on pepper genotypes carrying Me3 and N, whereas plant resistance conferred by Me1 was more robust for all examined populations. Moreover, the effect of genetic background on Me1 resistance demonstrated a relative advantage of several genotypes in nematode infestations. Efficiency of Me3 under local nematode infestation was further studied with a homozygous line carrying two Me3 alleles. Reproduction of virulent populations on the homozygotes (Me3/ Me3) and heterozygotes (Me3/Me3+) was similar, suggesting a limited quantitative effect of Me3. These results present the first characterization of host range, reproduction, and molecular aspects of M. incognita from Israel and highlight the importance of taking a multidimensional approach in pepper-breeding programs for resistance to M. incognita. © 2017 The American Phytopathological Society.
Scientific Publication
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