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Woody species as landscape modulators and their effect on biodiversity patterns
Year:
2008
Source of publication :
BioScience
Authors :
Perevolotsky, Avi
;
.
Ungar, Eugene David
;
.
Volume :
58
Co-Authors:
Shachak, M., Mitrani Department of Desert Ecology, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel
Boeken, B., Wyler Department of Dryland Agriculture, Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev
Groner, E., Mitrani Department of Desert Ecology, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel
Kadmon, R., Department of Evolution, Systematics and Ecology, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel
Lubin, Y., Mitrani Department of Desert Ecology, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel
Meron, E., Department of Solar Energy and Environmental Physics, Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Physics Department, Marcus Family Campus, Ben-Gurion University, Beer-Sheva, Israel
Ne'eman, G., Department of Biology, University of Haifa-Oranim, Tivon, Israel
Perevolotsky, A., Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Shkedy, Y., Israel Nature and National Parks Protection Authority
Ungar, E.D., Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
209
To page:
221
(
Total pages:
13
)
Abstract:
Ecological research on organism-environment interactions has developed asymmetrically. Modulation of organisms by the environment has received much attention, while theoretical studies on the environmental impact of organisms have until recently been limited. We propose a theoretical framework for studying the environmental impacts of woody plants in order to understand their effects on biodiversity. We adopt pattern formation theory to discuss how woody plants organize ecological systems on the patch and landscape levels through patch formation, and how organism patchiness creates resource patchiness that affects biodiversity. We suggest an integrative model that links organisms as landscape modulators through resource distribution and species filtering from larger to smaller spatial scales. Our "biodiversity cycling hypothesis" states that in organism-modulated landscapes, disturbance enables the coexistence of different developmental stages of vegetation patches, thereby increasing biodiversity. This hypothesis emphasizes that species and landscape diversity vary with the development, renewal, maturation, and decay of biotically induced patches. © 2008 American Institute of Biological Sciences.
Note:
Related Files :
Assemblage similarity
Biodiversity cycling
Ecosystem engineer
Pattern formation
Resource contrast
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1641/B580307
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
29797
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:49
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Scientific Publication
Woody species as landscape modulators and their effect on biodiversity patterns
58
Shachak, M., Mitrani Department of Desert Ecology, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel
Boeken, B., Wyler Department of Dryland Agriculture, Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev
Groner, E., Mitrani Department of Desert Ecology, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel
Kadmon, R., Department of Evolution, Systematics and Ecology, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel
Lubin, Y., Mitrani Department of Desert Ecology, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel
Meron, E., Department of Solar Energy and Environmental Physics, Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Physics Department, Marcus Family Campus, Ben-Gurion University, Beer-Sheva, Israel
Ne'eman, G., Department of Biology, University of Haifa-Oranim, Tivon, Israel
Perevolotsky, A., Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Shkedy, Y., Israel Nature and National Parks Protection Authority
Ungar, E.D., Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Woody species as landscape modulators and their effect on biodiversity patterns
Ecological research on organism-environment interactions has developed asymmetrically. Modulation of organisms by the environment has received much attention, while theoretical studies on the environmental impact of organisms have until recently been limited. We propose a theoretical framework for studying the environmental impacts of woody plants in order to understand their effects on biodiversity. We adopt pattern formation theory to discuss how woody plants organize ecological systems on the patch and landscape levels through patch formation, and how organism patchiness creates resource patchiness that affects biodiversity. We suggest an integrative model that links organisms as landscape modulators through resource distribution and species filtering from larger to smaller spatial scales. Our "biodiversity cycling hypothesis" states that in organism-modulated landscapes, disturbance enables the coexistence of different developmental stages of vegetation patches, thereby increasing biodiversity. This hypothesis emphasizes that species and landscape diversity vary with the development, renewal, maturation, and decay of biotically induced patches. © 2008 American Institute of Biological Sciences.
Scientific Publication
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