נגישות
menu      
Advanced Search
Syntax
Search...
Volcani treasures
About
Terms of use
Manage
Community:
אסיף מאגר המחקר החקלאי
Powered by ClearMash Solutions Ltd -
CLAY MINERAL DISTRIBUTION AND ORIGIN IN THE SOIL TYPES OF ISRAEL
Year:
1974
Source of publication :
Journal of Soil Science
Authors :
Amiel Abraham J.
;
.
Volume :
25
Co-Authors:
GAL, M., Department of Soil and Water Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Hebrew University, Rehovot, Israel
AMIEL, A.J., Department of Soil and Water Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Hebrew University, Rehovot, Israel
RAVIKOVITCH, S., Department of Soil and Water Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Hebrew University, Rehovot, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
79
To page:
89
(
Total pages:
11
)
Abstract:
The mineralogical composition of clays (< 2μm) in representative profiles of all soil types of Israel was investigated. The soils were classified according to their clay mineral assemblages into three groups. I. Montmorillonitic soils. Montmorillonite is the dominant mineral and exceeds 65 per cent of the total minerals found; each of the other minerals comprises less than 15 per cent. 2. Montmorillonitic‐kaolinitic soils. The soil clay fractions contain 50‐60 per cent montmorillonite and 15‐25 per cent kaolinite, generally adding up to more than 75 per cent of the clay fraction. 3. Montmorillonitic‐calcitic soils. The clays contain more than 10 per cent calcite. Montmorillonite is the dominant clay mineral (except for one soil type, mountain rendzina, where calcite is dominant). The first and second assemblages are typical of the soils of the Mediterranean zone, whereas the soils of the desert zone are characterized by the third assemblage. The origin of montmorillonite, kaolinite, and illite, the three main clay minerals, was found to be detritic, as was the origin of palygorskite which was mainly found in the calcite rich soils of the desert zone. The cation exchange capacity of montmorillonite seems to be higher under higher precipitation. Montmorillonite content and cation exchange capacity of the clays were found to be highly correlated. The carbonate content of the clay fraction and the amount of carbonate in the soil were also highly correlated. Copyright © 1974, Wiley Blackwell. All rights reserved
Note:
Related Files :
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1111/j.1365-2389.1974.tb01105.x
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
29830
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:49
Scientific Publication
CLAY MINERAL DISTRIBUTION AND ORIGIN IN THE SOIL TYPES OF ISRAEL
25
GAL, M., Department of Soil and Water Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Hebrew University, Rehovot, Israel
AMIEL, A.J., Department of Soil and Water Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Hebrew University, Rehovot, Israel
RAVIKOVITCH, S., Department of Soil and Water Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Hebrew University, Rehovot, Israel
CLAY MINERAL DISTRIBUTION AND ORIGIN IN THE SOIL TYPES OF ISRAEL
The mineralogical composition of clays (< 2μm) in representative profiles of all soil types of Israel was investigated. The soils were classified according to their clay mineral assemblages into three groups. I. Montmorillonitic soils. Montmorillonite is the dominant mineral and exceeds 65 per cent of the total minerals found; each of the other minerals comprises less than 15 per cent. 2. Montmorillonitic‐kaolinitic soils. The soil clay fractions contain 50‐60 per cent montmorillonite and 15‐25 per cent kaolinite, generally adding up to more than 75 per cent of the clay fraction. 3. Montmorillonitic‐calcitic soils. The clays contain more than 10 per cent calcite. Montmorillonite is the dominant clay mineral (except for one soil type, mountain rendzina, where calcite is dominant). The first and second assemblages are typical of the soils of the Mediterranean zone, whereas the soils of the desert zone are characterized by the third assemblage. The origin of montmorillonite, kaolinite, and illite, the three main clay minerals, was found to be detritic, as was the origin of palygorskite which was mainly found in the calcite rich soils of the desert zone. The cation exchange capacity of montmorillonite seems to be higher under higher precipitation. Montmorillonite content and cation exchange capacity of the clays were found to be highly correlated. The carbonate content of the clay fraction and the amount of carbonate in the soil were also highly correlated. Copyright © 1974, Wiley Blackwell. All rights reserved
Scientific Publication
You may also be interested in