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Immunity and other defenses in pea aphids, Acyrthosiphon pisum
Year:
2010
Source of publication :
Genome Biology
Authors :
Ghanim, Murad
;
.
Volume :
11
Co-Authors:
Gerardo, N.M., Department of Biology, Emory University, O Wayne Rollins Research Center, 1510 E. Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA, 30322, United States
Altincicek, B., Interdisciplinary Research Center, Institute of Phytopathology and Applied Zoology, Justus-Liebig-University of Giessen, Heinrich-Buff-Ring 26-32, D-35392 Giessen, Germany
Anselme, C., Université de Lyon, Bat. Louis-Pasteur 20 ave Albert-Einstein, INRA, INSA-Lyon, IFR41 BioEnvironnement et Santé, UMR203 BF2I, Biologie Fonctionnelle Insectes et Interactions, F-69621 Villeurbanne, France, UMR Interactions Biotiques et Santé Végétale, INRA 1301-CNRS 6243-Université de Nice-Sophia Antipolis, 400 routes des Chappe, F-06903 Sophia-Antipolis cedex, France
Atamian, H., Department of Nematology, Graduate Program in Genetics, Genomics and Bioinformatics, University of California, 900 University Ave, Riverside, CA 92521, United States
Barribeau, S.M., Department of Biology, Emory University, O Wayne Rollins Research Center, 1510 E. Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA, 30322, United States
de Vos, M., Boyce Thompson Institute for Plant Research, Ithaca, NY 14853, United States
Duncan, E.J., Genetics Otago and The Laboratory for Evolution and Development, Department of Biochemistry, University of Otago, Box 56, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand
Evans, J.D., USDA-ARS Bee Research Lab, BARC-East Bldg 476, Beltsville, MD 20705, United States
Gabaldón, T., Bioinformatics and Genomics Programme, Centre for Genomic Regulation (CRG), Doctor Aiguader 88, 08003 Barcelona, Spain
Ghanim, M., Department of Entomology, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Heddi, A., Université de Lyon, Bat. Louis-Pasteur 20 ave Albert-Einstein, INRA, INSA-Lyon, IFR41 BioEnvironnement et Santé, UMR203 BF2I, Biologie Fonctionnelle Insectes et Interactions, F-69621 Villeurbanne, France
Kaloshian, I., Department of Nematology, Graduate Program in Genetics, Genomics and Bioinformatics, University of California, 900 University Ave, Riverside, CA 92521, United States
Latorre, A., Instituto Cavanilles de Biodiversidad y Biología Evolutiva, Universitat de València, Avenida Blasco Ibañez 13, 46071 València, Spain, CIBER en Epidemiología, Salud Pública (CIBEResp), Centro Superior de Investigación en Salud Pública (CSISP), Conselleria de Sanidad (Generalitat Valenciana), Avenida de Cataluña 21, 46020 València, Spain
Moya, A., Instituto Cavanilles de Biodiversidad y Biología Evolutiva, Universitat de València, Avenida Blasco Ibañez 13, 46071 València, Spain, CIBER en Epidemiología, Salud Pública (CIBEResp), Centro Superior de Investigación en Salud Pública (CSISP), Conselleria de Sanidad (Generalitat Valenciana), Avenida de Cataluña 21, 46020 València, Spain
Nakabachi, A., Advanced Science Institute, RIKEN, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan
Parker, B.J., Department of Biology, Emory University, O Wayne Rollins Research Center, 1510 E. Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA, 30322, United States
Pérez-Brocal, V., Université de Lyon, Bat. Louis-Pasteur 20 ave Albert-Einstein, INRA, INSA-Lyon, IFR41 BioEnvironnement et Santé, UMR203 BF2I, Biologie Fonctionnelle Insectes et Interactions, F-69621 Villeurbanne, France, Instituto Cavanilles de Biodiversidad y Biología Evolutiva, Universitat de València, Avenida Blasco Ibañez 13, 46071 València, Spain, CIBER en Epidemiología, Salud Pública (CIBEResp), Centro Superior de Investigación en Salud Pública (CSISP), Conselleria de Sanidad (Generalitat Valenciana), Avenida de Cataluña 21, 46020 València, Spain
Pignatelli, M., Instituto Cavanilles de Biodiversidad y Biología Evolutiva, Universitat de València, Avenida Blasco Ibañez 13, 46071 València, Spain, CIBER en Epidemiología, Salud Pública (CIBEResp), Centro Superior de Investigación en Salud Pública (CSISP), Conselleria de Sanidad (Generalitat Valenciana), Avenida de Cataluña 21, 46020 València, Spain
Rahbé, Y., Université de Lyon, Bat. Louis-Pasteur 20 ave Albert-Einstein, INRA, INSA-Lyon, IFR41 BioEnvironnement et Santé, UMR203 BF2I, Biologie Fonctionnelle Insectes et Interactions, F-69621 Villeurbanne, France
Ramsey, J.S., Boyce Thompson Institute for Plant Research, Ithaca, NY 14853, United States
Spragg, C.J., Department of Biology, Emory University, O Wayne Rollins Research Center, 1510 E. Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA, 30322, United States
Tamames, J., Instituto Cavanilles de Biodiversidad y Biología Evolutiva, Universitat de València, Avenida Blasco Ibañez 13, 46071 València, Spain, CIBER en Epidemiología, Salud Pública (CIBEResp), Centro Superior de Investigación en Salud Pública (CSISP), Conselleria de Sanidad (Generalitat Valenciana), Avenida de Cataluña 21, 46020 València, Spain
Tamarit, D., Instituto Cavanilles de Biodiversidad y Biología Evolutiva, Universitat de València, Avenida Blasco Ibañez 13, 46071 València, Spain, CIBER en Epidemiología, Salud Pública (CIBEResp), Centro Superior de Investigación en Salud Pública (CSISP), Conselleria de Sanidad (Generalitat Valenciana), Avenida de Cataluña 21, 46020 València, Spain
Tamborindeguy, C., Plant Pathology and Plant-Microbe Biology Department, Cornell University, Tower Road, Ithaca, NY 14853, United States, Department of Entomology, Texas A and M, College Station, TX 77843-2475, United States
Vincent-Monegat, C., Université de Lyon, Bat. Louis-Pasteur 20 ave Albert-Einstein, INRA, INSA-Lyon, IFR41 BioEnvironnement et Santé, UMR203 BF2I, Biologie Fonctionnelle Insectes et Interactions, F-69621 Villeurbanne, France
Vilcinskas, A., Interdisciplinary Research Center, Institute of Phytopathology and Applied Zoology, Justus-Liebig-University of Giessen, Heinrich-Buff-Ring 26-32, D-35392 Giessen, Germany
Facilitators :
From page:
To page:
(
Total pages:
1
)
Abstract:
Background: Recent genomic analyses of arthropod defense mechanisms suggest conservation of key elements underlying responses to pathogens, parasites and stresses. At the center of pathogen-induced immune responses are signaling pathways triggered by the recognition of fungal, bacterial and viral signatures. These pathways result in the production of response molecules, such as antimicrobial peptides and lysozymes, which degrade or destroy invaders. Using the recently sequenced genome of the pea aphid (Acyrthosiphon pisum), we conducted the first extensive annotation of the immune and stress gene repertoire of a hemipterous insect, which is phylogenetically distantly related to previously characterized insects models.Results: Strikingly, pea aphids appear to be missing genes present in insect genomes characterized to date and thought critical for recognition, signaling and killing of microbes. In line with results of gene annotation, experimental analyses designed to characterize immune response through the isolation of RNA transcripts and proteins from immune-challenged pea aphids uncovered few immune-related products. Gene expression studies, however, indicated some expression of immune and stress-related genes.Conclusions: The absence of genes suspected to be essential for the insect immune response suggests that the traditional view of insect immunity may not be as broadly applicable as once thought. The limitations of the aphid immune system may be representative of a broad range of insects, or may be aphid specific. We suggest that several aspects of the aphid life style, such as their association with microbial symbionts, could facilitate survival without strong immune protection. © 2010 Gerardo et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Note:
Related Files :
Animal
Animals
Aphididae
Gene
Genetics
host pathogen interaction
Microbiology
RNA
symbiont
Symbiosis
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1186/gb-2010-11-2-r21
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
29905
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:50
Scientific Publication
Immunity and other defenses in pea aphids, Acyrthosiphon pisum
11
Gerardo, N.M., Department of Biology, Emory University, O Wayne Rollins Research Center, 1510 E. Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA, 30322, United States
Altincicek, B., Interdisciplinary Research Center, Institute of Phytopathology and Applied Zoology, Justus-Liebig-University of Giessen, Heinrich-Buff-Ring 26-32, D-35392 Giessen, Germany
Anselme, C., Université de Lyon, Bat. Louis-Pasteur 20 ave Albert-Einstein, INRA, INSA-Lyon, IFR41 BioEnvironnement et Santé, UMR203 BF2I, Biologie Fonctionnelle Insectes et Interactions, F-69621 Villeurbanne, France, UMR Interactions Biotiques et Santé Végétale, INRA 1301-CNRS 6243-Université de Nice-Sophia Antipolis, 400 routes des Chappe, F-06903 Sophia-Antipolis cedex, France
Atamian, H., Department of Nematology, Graduate Program in Genetics, Genomics and Bioinformatics, University of California, 900 University Ave, Riverside, CA 92521, United States
Barribeau, S.M., Department of Biology, Emory University, O Wayne Rollins Research Center, 1510 E. Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA, 30322, United States
de Vos, M., Boyce Thompson Institute for Plant Research, Ithaca, NY 14853, United States
Duncan, E.J., Genetics Otago and The Laboratory for Evolution and Development, Department of Biochemistry, University of Otago, Box 56, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand
Evans, J.D., USDA-ARS Bee Research Lab, BARC-East Bldg 476, Beltsville, MD 20705, United States
Gabaldón, T., Bioinformatics and Genomics Programme, Centre for Genomic Regulation (CRG), Doctor Aiguader 88, 08003 Barcelona, Spain
Ghanim, M., Department of Entomology, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Heddi, A., Université de Lyon, Bat. Louis-Pasteur 20 ave Albert-Einstein, INRA, INSA-Lyon, IFR41 BioEnvironnement et Santé, UMR203 BF2I, Biologie Fonctionnelle Insectes et Interactions, F-69621 Villeurbanne, France
Kaloshian, I., Department of Nematology, Graduate Program in Genetics, Genomics and Bioinformatics, University of California, 900 University Ave, Riverside, CA 92521, United States
Latorre, A., Instituto Cavanilles de Biodiversidad y Biología Evolutiva, Universitat de València, Avenida Blasco Ibañez 13, 46071 València, Spain, CIBER en Epidemiología, Salud Pública (CIBEResp), Centro Superior de Investigación en Salud Pública (CSISP), Conselleria de Sanidad (Generalitat Valenciana), Avenida de Cataluña 21, 46020 València, Spain
Moya, A., Instituto Cavanilles de Biodiversidad y Biología Evolutiva, Universitat de València, Avenida Blasco Ibañez 13, 46071 València, Spain, CIBER en Epidemiología, Salud Pública (CIBEResp), Centro Superior de Investigación en Salud Pública (CSISP), Conselleria de Sanidad (Generalitat Valenciana), Avenida de Cataluña 21, 46020 València, Spain
Nakabachi, A., Advanced Science Institute, RIKEN, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan
Parker, B.J., Department of Biology, Emory University, O Wayne Rollins Research Center, 1510 E. Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA, 30322, United States
Pérez-Brocal, V., Université de Lyon, Bat. Louis-Pasteur 20 ave Albert-Einstein, INRA, INSA-Lyon, IFR41 BioEnvironnement et Santé, UMR203 BF2I, Biologie Fonctionnelle Insectes et Interactions, F-69621 Villeurbanne, France, Instituto Cavanilles de Biodiversidad y Biología Evolutiva, Universitat de València, Avenida Blasco Ibañez 13, 46071 València, Spain, CIBER en Epidemiología, Salud Pública (CIBEResp), Centro Superior de Investigación en Salud Pública (CSISP), Conselleria de Sanidad (Generalitat Valenciana), Avenida de Cataluña 21, 46020 València, Spain
Pignatelli, M., Instituto Cavanilles de Biodiversidad y Biología Evolutiva, Universitat de València, Avenida Blasco Ibañez 13, 46071 València, Spain, CIBER en Epidemiología, Salud Pública (CIBEResp), Centro Superior de Investigación en Salud Pública (CSISP), Conselleria de Sanidad (Generalitat Valenciana), Avenida de Cataluña 21, 46020 València, Spain
Rahbé, Y., Université de Lyon, Bat. Louis-Pasteur 20 ave Albert-Einstein, INRA, INSA-Lyon, IFR41 BioEnvironnement et Santé, UMR203 BF2I, Biologie Fonctionnelle Insectes et Interactions, F-69621 Villeurbanne, France
Ramsey, J.S., Boyce Thompson Institute for Plant Research, Ithaca, NY 14853, United States
Spragg, C.J., Department of Biology, Emory University, O Wayne Rollins Research Center, 1510 E. Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA, 30322, United States
Tamames, J., Instituto Cavanilles de Biodiversidad y Biología Evolutiva, Universitat de València, Avenida Blasco Ibañez 13, 46071 València, Spain, CIBER en Epidemiología, Salud Pública (CIBEResp), Centro Superior de Investigación en Salud Pública (CSISP), Conselleria de Sanidad (Generalitat Valenciana), Avenida de Cataluña 21, 46020 València, Spain
Tamarit, D., Instituto Cavanilles de Biodiversidad y Biología Evolutiva, Universitat de València, Avenida Blasco Ibañez 13, 46071 València, Spain, CIBER en Epidemiología, Salud Pública (CIBEResp), Centro Superior de Investigación en Salud Pública (CSISP), Conselleria de Sanidad (Generalitat Valenciana), Avenida de Cataluña 21, 46020 València, Spain
Tamborindeguy, C., Plant Pathology and Plant-Microbe Biology Department, Cornell University, Tower Road, Ithaca, NY 14853, United States, Department of Entomology, Texas A and M, College Station, TX 77843-2475, United States
Vincent-Monegat, C., Université de Lyon, Bat. Louis-Pasteur 20 ave Albert-Einstein, INRA, INSA-Lyon, IFR41 BioEnvironnement et Santé, UMR203 BF2I, Biologie Fonctionnelle Insectes et Interactions, F-69621 Villeurbanne, France
Vilcinskas, A., Interdisciplinary Research Center, Institute of Phytopathology and Applied Zoology, Justus-Liebig-University of Giessen, Heinrich-Buff-Ring 26-32, D-35392 Giessen, Germany
Immunity and other defenses in pea aphids, Acyrthosiphon pisum
Background: Recent genomic analyses of arthropod defense mechanisms suggest conservation of key elements underlying responses to pathogens, parasites and stresses. At the center of pathogen-induced immune responses are signaling pathways triggered by the recognition of fungal, bacterial and viral signatures. These pathways result in the production of response molecules, such as antimicrobial peptides and lysozymes, which degrade or destroy invaders. Using the recently sequenced genome of the pea aphid (Acyrthosiphon pisum), we conducted the first extensive annotation of the immune and stress gene repertoire of a hemipterous insect, which is phylogenetically distantly related to previously characterized insects models.Results: Strikingly, pea aphids appear to be missing genes present in insect genomes characterized to date and thought critical for recognition, signaling and killing of microbes. In line with results of gene annotation, experimental analyses designed to characterize immune response through the isolation of RNA transcripts and proteins from immune-challenged pea aphids uncovered few immune-related products. Gene expression studies, however, indicated some expression of immune and stress-related genes.Conclusions: The absence of genes suspected to be essential for the insect immune response suggests that the traditional view of insect immunity may not be as broadly applicable as once thought. The limitations of the aphid immune system may be representative of a broad range of insects, or may be aphid specific. We suggest that several aspects of the aphid life style, such as their association with microbial symbionts, could facilitate survival without strong immune protection. © 2010 Gerardo et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Scientific Publication
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