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Intensive polyculture of fish in freshwater ponds. I. Substitution of expensive feeds by liquid cow manure
Year:
1977
Source of publication :
aquaculture (source)
Authors :
Barash, Hanina
;
.
Hulata, Gideon
;
.
Moav, Ram
;
.
Schroeder, Gerald L.
;
.
Wohlfarth, Giora W.
;
.
Volume :
10
Co-Authors:
Moav, R., Department of Genetics, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel
Wohlfarth, G., Fish and Aquaculture Research Station, Institute of Animal Science, Agricultural Research Organization, Dor, Israel
Schroeder, G.L., Fish and Aquaculture Research Station, Institute of Animal Science, Agricultural Research Organization, Dor, Israel
Hulata, G., Fish and Aquaculture Research Station, Institute of Animal Science, Agricultural Research Organization, Dor, Israel
Barash, H., Fish and Aquaculture Research Station, Institute of Animal Science, Agricultural Research Organization, Dor, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
25
To page:
43
(
Total pages:
19
)
Abstract:
In 1974 and 1975 nine experimental treatments of fish polyculture in stagnant water ponds without aeration were conducted at Dor. The polyculture was composed of common carp, silver carp, white amur (grass carp) and Tilapia. The treatments differed in stocking densities, feeding and manuring levels. The most productive treatment of the experiment, in which the fish were fed with protein-rich pellets, produced 50 kg/ha per day, probably a record for unaerated ponds of stagnant water. Two treatments (low and high stocking densities) fed exclusively with liquid cow manure produced an average yield of around 32 kg/ha per day. The yields of the treatments receiving high-protein pellets exceeded those of the treatments receiving grain pellets by 20 and 9.6 kg/day per ha, at high and low stocking densities, respectively, and in both cases the yield increments justified the extra cost of high-protein feed. The responses of the four fish species to the different levels of feeding and stocking densities were widely different. The common carp and white amur showed the greatest responses to increased feeding inputs while the silver carp and Tilapia, even at high densities, have done equally well at low feeding levels. Total body fat contents of the common carp were 20%, 15% and 6.2% when fed with high-protein pellets, grains pellets and liquid cow manure, respectively. Intermittent harvesting did not result in increased yields. © 1977.
Note:
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More details
DOI :
10.1016/0044-8486(77)90030-8
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
29957
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:50
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Scientific Publication
Intensive polyculture of fish in freshwater ponds. I. Substitution of expensive feeds by liquid cow manure
10
Moav, R., Department of Genetics, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel
Wohlfarth, G., Fish and Aquaculture Research Station, Institute of Animal Science, Agricultural Research Organization, Dor, Israel
Schroeder, G.L., Fish and Aquaculture Research Station, Institute of Animal Science, Agricultural Research Organization, Dor, Israel
Hulata, G., Fish and Aquaculture Research Station, Institute of Animal Science, Agricultural Research Organization, Dor, Israel
Barash, H., Fish and Aquaculture Research Station, Institute of Animal Science, Agricultural Research Organization, Dor, Israel
Intensive polyculture of fish in freshwater ponds. I. Substitution of expensive feeds by liquid cow manure
In 1974 and 1975 nine experimental treatments of fish polyculture in stagnant water ponds without aeration were conducted at Dor. The polyculture was composed of common carp, silver carp, white amur (grass carp) and Tilapia. The treatments differed in stocking densities, feeding and manuring levels. The most productive treatment of the experiment, in which the fish were fed with protein-rich pellets, produced 50 kg/ha per day, probably a record for unaerated ponds of stagnant water. Two treatments (low and high stocking densities) fed exclusively with liquid cow manure produced an average yield of around 32 kg/ha per day. The yields of the treatments receiving high-protein pellets exceeded those of the treatments receiving grain pellets by 20 and 9.6 kg/day per ha, at high and low stocking densities, respectively, and in both cases the yield increments justified the extra cost of high-protein feed. The responses of the four fish species to the different levels of feeding and stocking densities were widely different. The common carp and white amur showed the greatest responses to increased feeding inputs while the silver carp and Tilapia, even at high densities, have done equally well at low feeding levels. Total body fat contents of the common carp were 20%, 15% and 6.2% when fed with high-protein pellets, grains pellets and liquid cow manure, respectively. Intermittent harvesting did not result in increased yields. © 1977.
Scientific Publication
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