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Local fig clonal selections and cultivation techniques in Israel [Sélection des variétés locales et techniques de culture du figuier en Israël]
Year:
2001
Source of publication :
Fruits (journal)
Authors :
Assaf, Raphaël
;
.
Volume :
56
Co-Authors:
Assaf, R., Département d’Arboriculture fruitière, Agricultural Research Organisation (ARO), Centre de recherches Néwé-Ya’ar, PO Box 1021, Ramat Yishay, 30095, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
101
To page:
121
(
Total pages:
21
)
Abstract:
In Israel, the fig is very demanded by the consumer. This article describes the new techniques developed over the last 50 years for the cultivation of the fig tree and presents varietal test results carried out in number of orchards over successive plots. The study covers a great number of varieties resulting from a vast collection throughout Israel. General. After an overview of the fig tree origin, the characteristics of the flower and its fecundation, or caprification, by Blastophaga psenes are given. The fig tree can be uniferous and produce only one harvest in autumn, or biferous and bear fruit twice: in spring (fig-flowers), then in summer and autumn (figs of autumn). The mechanisms of the tree growth and fruiting are briefly presented. Materials and methods. The study carried out related on the production of experimental orchards set up in Upper Galilee (Israel) and to the observation of the production of fig trees collected throughout Israël, Gaza, Sinai and the Golan. Results and classification of the studied varieties. The classification of the varieties of fig trees initially takes into account the basic characters of the fruit, then additional observations. Four groups of fig trees were distinguished from the green-yellow, green-purple, brown striated and black color of their fruit. Each variety identified in these groups was described. Tree growth was analyzed and the agricultural economics of the fig tree was considered. The techniques most adapted for the fig production, from tree plantation to harvest, are presented. Conclusions and discussion. Research carried out showed that certain fig tree types shared out in the four groups identified are particularly recommended. © 2001 Cirad/EDP Sciences.
Note:
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More details
DOI :
10.1051/fruits:2001118
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
French
Editors' remarks:
ID:
30029
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:51
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Scientific Publication
Local fig clonal selections and cultivation techniques in Israel [Sélection des variétés locales et techniques de culture du figuier en Israël]
56
Assaf, R., Département d’Arboriculture fruitière, Agricultural Research Organisation (ARO), Centre de recherches Néwé-Ya’ar, PO Box 1021, Ramat Yishay, 30095, Israel
Local fig clonal selections and cultivation techniques in Israel [Sélection des variétés locales et techniques de culture du figuier en Israël]
In Israel, the fig is very demanded by the consumer. This article describes the new techniques developed over the last 50 years for the cultivation of the fig tree and presents varietal test results carried out in number of orchards over successive plots. The study covers a great number of varieties resulting from a vast collection throughout Israel. General. After an overview of the fig tree origin, the characteristics of the flower and its fecundation, or caprification, by Blastophaga psenes are given. The fig tree can be uniferous and produce only one harvest in autumn, or biferous and bear fruit twice: in spring (fig-flowers), then in summer and autumn (figs of autumn). The mechanisms of the tree growth and fruiting are briefly presented. Materials and methods. The study carried out related on the production of experimental orchards set up in Upper Galilee (Israel) and to the observation of the production of fig trees collected throughout Israël, Gaza, Sinai and the Golan. Results and classification of the studied varieties. The classification of the varieties of fig trees initially takes into account the basic characters of the fruit, then additional observations. Four groups of fig trees were distinguished from the green-yellow, green-purple, brown striated and black color of their fruit. Each variety identified in these groups was described. Tree growth was analyzed and the agricultural economics of the fig tree was considered. The techniques most adapted for the fig production, from tree plantation to harvest, are presented. Conclusions and discussion. Research carried out showed that certain fig tree types shared out in the four groups identified are particularly recommended. © 2001 Cirad/EDP Sciences.
Scientific Publication
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