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Organic Matter and Aggregate-Size Interactions in Saturated Hydraulic Conductivity
Year:
2004
Authors :
Ben-Hur, Meni
;
.
Volume :
68
Co-Authors:
Lado, M., Inst. Soil, Water and Environ. Sci., Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Paz, A., Faculty of Sciences, Univ. of A Coruna, A Zapateira s/n, 15071 A Coruna, Spain
Ben-Hur, M., Inst. Soil, Water and Environ. Sci., Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
234
To page:
242
(
Total pages:
9
)
Abstract:
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of the interaction between organic matter (OM) content and aggregate size on the mechanisms that degrade the soil structure and on the saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ks). Two samples of sandy loam (Humic Dystrudept) containing 2.5 and 3.5% OM, referred to as low-OM soil and high-OM soil, respectively, were collected from adjacent fields. Dry samples were sieved to obtain aggregate sizes of <2, 2 to 4, and 4 to 6 mm. Slaking, swelling, and dispersion values were measured for each soil and aggregate size. The saturated hydraulic conductivity was determined in disturbed soil columns by means of a constant-head device. For the <2- and 2- to 4-mm aggregate sizes, K s of the high-OM soil was, in general, significantly higher than that of the low-OM soil. The average Ks for the entire leaching run in the <2-mm and 2- to 4-mm aggregate sizes was 7.7 and 183 mm h -1, respectively, for the low-OM soil and 13 and 412 mm h -1, respectively, for the high-OM soil. Moreover, there was a significant interaction between aggregate size and OM content in their effects on Ks. For the low-and high-OM soils, the slaking values were >93 and <6.7% respectively, and the clay dispersion values in deionized water were >2.9% and <2%, respectively. This suggests that the larger decrease in Ks of the low-OM soil than in the high-OM soil during wetting and leaching was mainly a result of more intense aggregate slaking and dispersion in the former soil.
Note:
Related Files :
Aggregate size
Organic matters (OM)
Particle size analysis
sandy loam
soil organic matter
Soils
Wetting
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Related Content
More details
DOI :
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
30038
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:51
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Scientific Publication
Organic Matter and Aggregate-Size Interactions in Saturated Hydraulic Conductivity
68
Lado, M., Inst. Soil, Water and Environ. Sci., Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Paz, A., Faculty of Sciences, Univ. of A Coruna, A Zapateira s/n, 15071 A Coruna, Spain
Ben-Hur, M., Inst. Soil, Water and Environ. Sci., Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Organic Matter and Aggregate-Size Interactions in Saturated Hydraulic Conductivity
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of the interaction between organic matter (OM) content and aggregate size on the mechanisms that degrade the soil structure and on the saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ks). Two samples of sandy loam (Humic Dystrudept) containing 2.5 and 3.5% OM, referred to as low-OM soil and high-OM soil, respectively, were collected from adjacent fields. Dry samples were sieved to obtain aggregate sizes of <2, 2 to 4, and 4 to 6 mm. Slaking, swelling, and dispersion values were measured for each soil and aggregate size. The saturated hydraulic conductivity was determined in disturbed soil columns by means of a constant-head device. For the <2- and 2- to 4-mm aggregate sizes, K s of the high-OM soil was, in general, significantly higher than that of the low-OM soil. The average Ks for the entire leaching run in the <2-mm and 2- to 4-mm aggregate sizes was 7.7 and 183 mm h -1, respectively, for the low-OM soil and 13 and 412 mm h -1, respectively, for the high-OM soil. Moreover, there was a significant interaction between aggregate size and OM content in their effects on Ks. For the low-and high-OM soils, the slaking values were >93 and <6.7% respectively, and the clay dispersion values in deionized water were >2.9% and <2%, respectively. This suggests that the larger decrease in Ks of the low-OM soil than in the high-OM soil during wetting and leaching was mainly a result of more intense aggregate slaking and dispersion in the former soil.
Scientific Publication
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