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Endocrine milieu and developmental dynamics of ovarian cysts and persistent follicles in postpartum dairy cows
Year:
2012
Source of publication :
Journal of Dairy Science
Authors :
Braw-Tal, Ruth
;
.
Dafni, I.
;
.
Volume :
95
Co-Authors:
Roth, Z., Department of Animal Sciences, The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, the Hebrew University, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Biran, D., Department of Animal Sciences, The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, the Hebrew University, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Lavon, Y., Department of Animal Sciences, The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, the Hebrew University, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Dafni, I., Institute of Animal Science, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Yakobi, S., Institute of Animal Science, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Braw-Tal, R., Institute of Animal Science, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
1729
To page:
1737
(
Total pages:
9
)
Abstract:
Ovarian follicular cysts and persistent follicles are follicular pathologies involved in reduced fertility of dairy cows. Two separate experiments were performed on high-yielding Holstein cows to characterize ovarian cyclicity and evaluate the developmental dynamics of follicle pathologies postpartum. In experiment 1, 58 cows were monitored by ultrasonography twice weekly from d 18 ± 1 to 69 ± 2 postpartum. First ovulation occurred 38 ± 3, 27 ± 2, 20 ± 1, and 25 ± 3 d postpartum in cows with 1 cycle (n = 11), 2 cycles (n = 21), 3 cycles (n = 13), and 4 cycles (n = 7), respectively. Follicular pathologies were developed in cows that were either acyclic (n = 6) or had 1 or 2 cycles, but not in cows with more than 2 cycles. In experiment 2, 47 cows were monitored twice weekly from 10 d postpartum to second ovulation. Follicles ≥17. mm in diameter in 2 consecutive scans were aspirated, and concentrations of various hormones were measured. Cows were defined as cyclic (n = 30; 64%) or with the potential to develop follicular pathology (n = 17; 36%). Aspirated follicles (n = 27) were classified into 3 main groups based on follicular growth rate, follicular diameter, and ovarian activity before and after follicular aspiration. Dominant follicles (n = 4) were defined as large follicles (20. mm in diameter) with growth rate ≤1. mm/d and normal ovarian activity. Persistent follicles (n = 6) had the same growth rate and diameter as the dominant follicles, but persisted at the same diameter for ≥10. d. Ovarian cysts (n = 17) were defined as the largest follicular structures (19 to 32. mm in diameter), with abnormal growth rate (>1. mm/d) and abnormal ovarian activity. Single or turnover cysts did not differ in their growth parameters and were therefore combined and further classified according to follicular-fluid hormone concentrations. Estradiol-dominant cysts (n = 7) were characterized by normal estradiol (284 to 659. ng/mL) and progesterone (20 to 113. ng/mL) concentrations, similar to those of the dominant follicle (554 to 993. ng/mL and 44 to 106. ng/mL, respectively). Progesterone-dominant cysts (n = 5) were characterized by low estradiol (0.06 to 330. ng/mL) and high progesterone (586 to 3,288. ng/mL) concentrations. Low-steroidogenic active cysts (n = 5) were characterized by low concentrations of both estradiol (23 to 61. ng/mL) and progesterone (17 to 205. ng/mL). Characterization of spontaneously forming cysts might enable definition of the formation of ovarian follicular pathologies in postpartum cows. © 2012 American Dairy Science Association.
Note:
Related Files :
Animal
animal disease
Animals
Blood
cattle
chemistry
Female
Follicular Fluid
hormones
Pathology
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.3168/jds.2011-4513
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
30070
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:51
You may also be interested in
Scientific Publication
Endocrine milieu and developmental dynamics of ovarian cysts and persistent follicles in postpartum dairy cows
95
Roth, Z., Department of Animal Sciences, The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, the Hebrew University, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Biran, D., Department of Animal Sciences, The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, the Hebrew University, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Lavon, Y., Department of Animal Sciences, The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, the Hebrew University, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Dafni, I., Institute of Animal Science, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Yakobi, S., Institute of Animal Science, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Braw-Tal, R., Institute of Animal Science, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Endocrine milieu and developmental dynamics of ovarian cysts and persistent follicles in postpartum dairy cows
Ovarian follicular cysts and persistent follicles are follicular pathologies involved in reduced fertility of dairy cows. Two separate experiments were performed on high-yielding Holstein cows to characterize ovarian cyclicity and evaluate the developmental dynamics of follicle pathologies postpartum. In experiment 1, 58 cows were monitored by ultrasonography twice weekly from d 18 ± 1 to 69 ± 2 postpartum. First ovulation occurred 38 ± 3, 27 ± 2, 20 ± 1, and 25 ± 3 d postpartum in cows with 1 cycle (n = 11), 2 cycles (n = 21), 3 cycles (n = 13), and 4 cycles (n = 7), respectively. Follicular pathologies were developed in cows that were either acyclic (n = 6) or had 1 or 2 cycles, but not in cows with more than 2 cycles. In experiment 2, 47 cows were monitored twice weekly from 10 d postpartum to second ovulation. Follicles ≥17. mm in diameter in 2 consecutive scans were aspirated, and concentrations of various hormones were measured. Cows were defined as cyclic (n = 30; 64%) or with the potential to develop follicular pathology (n = 17; 36%). Aspirated follicles (n = 27) were classified into 3 main groups based on follicular growth rate, follicular diameter, and ovarian activity before and after follicular aspiration. Dominant follicles (n = 4) were defined as large follicles (20. mm in diameter) with growth rate ≤1. mm/d and normal ovarian activity. Persistent follicles (n = 6) had the same growth rate and diameter as the dominant follicles, but persisted at the same diameter for ≥10. d. Ovarian cysts (n = 17) were defined as the largest follicular structures (19 to 32. mm in diameter), with abnormal growth rate (>1. mm/d) and abnormal ovarian activity. Single or turnover cysts did not differ in their growth parameters and were therefore combined and further classified according to follicular-fluid hormone concentrations. Estradiol-dominant cysts (n = 7) were characterized by normal estradiol (284 to 659. ng/mL) and progesterone (20 to 113. ng/mL) concentrations, similar to those of the dominant follicle (554 to 993. ng/mL and 44 to 106. ng/mL, respectively). Progesterone-dominant cysts (n = 5) were characterized by low estradiol (0.06 to 330. ng/mL) and high progesterone (586 to 3,288. ng/mL) concentrations. Low-steroidogenic active cysts (n = 5) were characterized by low concentrations of both estradiol (23 to 61. ng/mL) and progesterone (17 to 205. ng/mL). Characterization of spontaneously forming cysts might enable definition of the formation of ovarian follicular pathologies in postpartum cows. © 2012 American Dairy Science Association.
Scientific Publication
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