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Falling through the cracks: The role of fractures in Earth-atmosphere gas exchange
Year:
2009
Source of publication :
Geophysical Research Letters
Authors :
Nachshon, Uri
;
.
Volume :
36
Co-Authors:
Weisbrod, N., Department of Environmental Hydrology and Microbiology, Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Sde Boker, Israel, Department of Environmental Hydrology and Microbiology, Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Sde Boker 84990, Israel
Dragila, M.I., Department of Crop and Soil Science, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, United States, Department of Crop and Soil Science, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97339, United States
Nachshon, U., Department of Environmental Hydrology and Microbiology, Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Sde Boker, Israel, Department of Environmental Hydrology and Microbiology, Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Sde Boker 84990, Israel
Pillersdorf, M., Department of Environmental Hydrology and Microbiology, Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Sde Boker, Israel, Department of Environmental Hydrology and Microbiology, Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Sde Boker 84990, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
To page:
(
Total pages:
1
)
Abstract:
[1] If we are to understand global warming, and in particular global water-cycling, then it is vital to explore the links between atmospheric conditions, earth processes and major global cycles. One arena that has been heretofore ignored is the effect on global dynamics of earth fractures that are open to the atmosphere. Historically, these fractures have been studied merely as participants in aquifer recharge or aquifer contamination during periods of infiltration. In general, they are considered inactive when there is no precipitation. This paper puts forward in-situ continuous field measurements demonstrating that during no-flow periods, fractures breathe via convection on a daily basis, enhancing atmospheric exchange by several orders of magnitude compared to the non-fractured crust. We quantify the timing, persistence and characteristics of this mechanism. The convective exchange mechanism is pervasive, occurring daily with peak flux exchange at night and in winter, the reverse of most other surface processes. Copyright 2009 by the American Geophysical Union.
Note:
Related Files :
aquifer
aquifers
Convective exchanges
global warming
hydrological cycle
recharge
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Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1029/2008GL036096
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
30287
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:53
Scientific Publication
Falling through the cracks: The role of fractures in Earth-atmosphere gas exchange
36
Weisbrod, N., Department of Environmental Hydrology and Microbiology, Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Sde Boker, Israel, Department of Environmental Hydrology and Microbiology, Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Sde Boker 84990, Israel
Dragila, M.I., Department of Crop and Soil Science, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, United States, Department of Crop and Soil Science, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97339, United States
Nachshon, U., Department of Environmental Hydrology and Microbiology, Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Sde Boker, Israel, Department of Environmental Hydrology and Microbiology, Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Sde Boker 84990, Israel
Pillersdorf, M., Department of Environmental Hydrology and Microbiology, Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Sde Boker, Israel, Department of Environmental Hydrology and Microbiology, Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Sde Boker 84990, Israel
Falling through the cracks: The role of fractures in Earth-atmosphere gas exchange
[1] If we are to understand global warming, and in particular global water-cycling, then it is vital to explore the links between atmospheric conditions, earth processes and major global cycles. One arena that has been heretofore ignored is the effect on global dynamics of earth fractures that are open to the atmosphere. Historically, these fractures have been studied merely as participants in aquifer recharge or aquifer contamination during periods of infiltration. In general, they are considered inactive when there is no precipitation. This paper puts forward in-situ continuous field measurements demonstrating that during no-flow periods, fractures breathe via convection on a daily basis, enhancing atmospheric exchange by several orders of magnitude compared to the non-fractured crust. We quantify the timing, persistence and characteristics of this mechanism. The convective exchange mechanism is pervasive, occurring daily with peak flux exchange at night and in winter, the reverse of most other surface processes. Copyright 2009 by the American Geophysical Union.
Scientific Publication
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