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Removal of methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE) from water by polymer-zeolite composites
Year:
2012
Authors :
Nasser, Ahmed
;
.
Volume :
151
Co-Authors:
Zadaka-Amir, D., Department of Soil and Water Sciences, Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Nasser, A., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Nir, S., Department of Soil and Water Sciences, Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Mishael, Y.G., Department of Soil and Water Sciences, Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
216
To page:
222
(
Total pages:
7
)
Abstract:
Methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE), a semi volatile organic compound used as a gasoline additive, has been extensively detected in surface and groundwater and therefore became a major issue as an environmental pollutant. The removal of methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE) from water by high-silica zeolite, high-silica zeolite composites, and by granular activated carbon (GAC) was investigated in suspension and by filtration. The Langmuir model yielded good simulation and prediction of MTBE removal. The removal of MTBE from water was more efficient by composites of polyacrylamide (PAM)-zeolite designed in this study than by untreated zeolite or GAC. Even in the presence of BTEX (benzene, toluene, ethyl-benzene and xylene) MTBE removal was very efficient by the PAM-zeolite composites, in comparison to its removal by the zeolite or GAC, reaching 2.5- and 75-fold higher removal, respectively. Filtration of MTBE solution through columns filled with GAC mixed with a PAM-zeolite composite (5:1 w/w ratio) demonstrated several-fold enhanced removal relative to a control which included only GAC. We suggest that the enhanced removal by the PAM-zeolite composite is attributed to (a) the displacement of water from the zeolite surface upon PAM adsorption, which promotes MTBE adsorption and (b) hydrogen binding between the polymer and MTBE. © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Note:
Related Files :
Adsorption
Benzene
computer simulation
groundwater
Polyacrylamides
Semivolatile organic compounds
Volatile organic compounds
water purification
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1016/j.micromeso.2011.10.033
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
30328
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:53
Scientific Publication
Removal of methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE) from water by polymer-zeolite composites
151
Zadaka-Amir, D., Department of Soil and Water Sciences, Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Nasser, A., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Nir, S., Department of Soil and Water Sciences, Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Mishael, Y.G., Department of Soil and Water Sciences, Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Removal of methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE) from water by polymer-zeolite composites
Methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE), a semi volatile organic compound used as a gasoline additive, has been extensively detected in surface and groundwater and therefore became a major issue as an environmental pollutant. The removal of methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE) from water by high-silica zeolite, high-silica zeolite composites, and by granular activated carbon (GAC) was investigated in suspension and by filtration. The Langmuir model yielded good simulation and prediction of MTBE removal. The removal of MTBE from water was more efficient by composites of polyacrylamide (PAM)-zeolite designed in this study than by untreated zeolite or GAC. Even in the presence of BTEX (benzene, toluene, ethyl-benzene and xylene) MTBE removal was very efficient by the PAM-zeolite composites, in comparison to its removal by the zeolite or GAC, reaching 2.5- and 75-fold higher removal, respectively. Filtration of MTBE solution through columns filled with GAC mixed with a PAM-zeolite composite (5:1 w/w ratio) demonstrated several-fold enhanced removal relative to a control which included only GAC. We suggest that the enhanced removal by the PAM-zeolite composite is attributed to (a) the displacement of water from the zeolite surface upon PAM adsorption, which promotes MTBE adsorption and (b) hydrogen binding between the polymer and MTBE. © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Scientific Publication
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