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Effect of genotype and graft type on the hydraulic characteristics and water relations of grafted melon
Year:
2009
Source of publication :
Journal of Plant Interactions
Authors :
Cohen, Shabtai
;
.
Volume :
4
Co-Authors:
Agele, S., Department of Crop, Soil and Pest Management, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria
Cohen, S., Department of Environment, Physics and Irrigation, Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, ARO Volcani Center, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
59
To page:
66
(
Total pages:
8
)
Abstract:
From the measurements of the profiles of hydraulic conductance and water potential from soil through to the leaf system in fully established melon plants, the limits to water flow set by coupling of hydraulic conductance (k) with water relation parameters was evaluated in the laboratory using high pressure flow device (HPFM) and evaporative flux method (EF). The rootstock Arava was grafted onto self, and onto two genotypes (AR57 and AR82) using side and V graft types, and there was an ungrafted control. Hydraulic transport efficiency was estimated from measurements of evaporative flux (transpiration rate) and leaf water potential (ψL) measured between pre-dawn and sunset during the growth cycle. Measured parameters to characterize the hydraulic efficiency (architecture) of the vascular system of melon were normalized to areas of leaves and stem cross section; this enabled the examination of their physiological and ecological functions. The effects of rootstock genotype were more marked on graft union and scion water relations. Differences in the magnitudes of water relation parameters of hydraulic conductance, water potential (lwp) and evaporative water loss (EF) were detected. AR/RS82 side grafted exhibited high EF and Kh despite its lower leaf water potential compared to AR/RS57 V grafted. Self grafting (Arava/Arava grafts) in melon seems to improve water relations and xylem water transport efficiency. Parameters describing the hydraulic efficiency (architecture) of vascular system of melon plants were described in relation to plant attributes. The expression of hydraulic conductance of the root and shoot system relative to plant attributes did not eliminate differences in the magnitudes of conductance elements in tomato and melon. Differences obtained among the different melon grafts in whole plant leaf and stem area specific hydraulic conductance (Kl) indicate the carbon efficiency and hence the cost of resource allocation to areas of root surface and leaves. The role of plant water relations in root-shoot communications and whole plant regulation of water flux are inferred from this study. © 2009 Taylor & Francis.
Note:
Related Files :
Cucumis
Genotypes
Grafting
HYDRAULICS
Lycopersicon esculentum
Melon
Water relations
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1080/17429140802311671
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
30381
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:54
Scientific Publication
Effect of genotype and graft type on the hydraulic characteristics and water relations of grafted melon
4
Agele, S., Department of Crop, Soil and Pest Management, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria
Cohen, S., Department of Environment, Physics and Irrigation, Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, ARO Volcani Center, Israel
Effect of genotype and graft type on the hydraulic characteristics and water relations of grafted melon
From the measurements of the profiles of hydraulic conductance and water potential from soil through to the leaf system in fully established melon plants, the limits to water flow set by coupling of hydraulic conductance (k) with water relation parameters was evaluated in the laboratory using high pressure flow device (HPFM) and evaporative flux method (EF). The rootstock Arava was grafted onto self, and onto two genotypes (AR57 and AR82) using side and V graft types, and there was an ungrafted control. Hydraulic transport efficiency was estimated from measurements of evaporative flux (transpiration rate) and leaf water potential (ψL) measured between pre-dawn and sunset during the growth cycle. Measured parameters to characterize the hydraulic efficiency (architecture) of the vascular system of melon were normalized to areas of leaves and stem cross section; this enabled the examination of their physiological and ecological functions. The effects of rootstock genotype were more marked on graft union and scion water relations. Differences in the magnitudes of water relation parameters of hydraulic conductance, water potential (lwp) and evaporative water loss (EF) were detected. AR/RS82 side grafted exhibited high EF and Kh despite its lower leaf water potential compared to AR/RS57 V grafted. Self grafting (Arava/Arava grafts) in melon seems to improve water relations and xylem water transport efficiency. Parameters describing the hydraulic efficiency (architecture) of vascular system of melon plants were described in relation to plant attributes. The expression of hydraulic conductance of the root and shoot system relative to plant attributes did not eliminate differences in the magnitudes of conductance elements in tomato and melon. Differences obtained among the different melon grafts in whole plant leaf and stem area specific hydraulic conductance (Kl) indicate the carbon efficiency and hence the cost of resource allocation to areas of root surface and leaves. The role of plant water relations in root-shoot communications and whole plant regulation of water flux are inferred from this study. © 2009 Taylor & Francis.
Scientific Publication
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