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A model of water limitation on spring wheat growth and yield
Year:
1991
Source of publication :
Field Crops Research
Authors :
Amir, Jacob
;
.
Volume :
28
Co-Authors:
Amir, J., Agricultural Research Organization, Gilat Experiment Station, Mobile Post Negev 2, 85-200, Israel
Sinclair, T.R., USDA-ARS, Agronomy Physiology Lab., University of Florida, Bldg. 164, Gainesville, FL 32611, United States
Facilitators :
From page:
59
To page:
69
(
Total pages:
11
)
Abstract:
A simple, mechanistic model describing the growth and yield of spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) was extended to water-limited conditions. The activities of three physiological processes were potentially retarded upon soil dehydration: leaf growth, crop gas exchange, and rate of ontogenetic development. Each of these processes was related directly to soil water content, which was calculated daily based on estimates of transpiration, soil evaporation, and water additions. For eight of the nine years experimentally studied at Gilat, Israel, the agreement between simulated and observed grain-yields differed no more than 26 g m-2. In the ninth year (1979/80), a severe drought during seed maturation decreased yields and caused the simulation to overestimate the yield. Nevertheless, the simple, mechanistic model demonstrated the importance of water availability in accounting for seasonal variations in yield. Both the amount and pattern of seasonal rainfall were found to be important in determining yield. Drought stress at anthesis was found in the simulations to have a particularly large negative effect on grain-yield, because anthesis coincides with the period in crop development requiring the maximum amounts of water. © 1991.
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More details
DOI :
10.1016/0378-4290(91)90074-6
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
30489
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:55
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Scientific Publication
A model of water limitation on spring wheat growth and yield
28
Amir, J., Agricultural Research Organization, Gilat Experiment Station, Mobile Post Negev 2, 85-200, Israel
Sinclair, T.R., USDA-ARS, Agronomy Physiology Lab., University of Florida, Bldg. 164, Gainesville, FL 32611, United States
A model of water limitation on spring wheat growth and yield
A simple, mechanistic model describing the growth and yield of spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) was extended to water-limited conditions. The activities of three physiological processes were potentially retarded upon soil dehydration: leaf growth, crop gas exchange, and rate of ontogenetic development. Each of these processes was related directly to soil water content, which was calculated daily based on estimates of transpiration, soil evaporation, and water additions. For eight of the nine years experimentally studied at Gilat, Israel, the agreement between simulated and observed grain-yields differed no more than 26 g m-2. In the ninth year (1979/80), a severe drought during seed maturation decreased yields and caused the simulation to overestimate the yield. Nevertheless, the simple, mechanistic model demonstrated the importance of water availability in accounting for seasonal variations in yield. Both the amount and pattern of seasonal rainfall were found to be important in determining yield. Drought stress at anthesis was found in the simulations to have a particularly large negative effect on grain-yield, because anthesis coincides with the period in crop development requiring the maximum amounts of water. © 1991.
Scientific Publication
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