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Effects of γ-irradiation of original and organic matter-amended soils on the sorption of triclosan and diuron from aqueous solutions
Year:
2016
Source of publication :
Chemosphere
Authors :
Borisover, Mikhail
;
.
Bukhanovsky, Nadezhda
;
.
Keren, Yonatan
;
.
Usyskin, Alla
;
.
Volume :
152
Co-Authors:
Borisover, M., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, The Volcani Center, ARO, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Keren, Y., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, The Volcani Center, ARO, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel, Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Usyskin, A., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, The Volcani Center, ARO, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel, Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Bukhanovsky, N., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, The Volcani Center, ARO, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
62
To page:
70
(
Total pages:
9
)
Abstract:
Soil γ-irradiation is a well-known method of inhibiting microbial activity in studies of the soil sorption of organic compounds. However, few studies have addressed the possible effect of γ-irradiation on the sorptive ability of soils enriched with different types of organic matter (OM). The objective of this study was to probe the effect of soil γ-irradiation on organic compound-soil interactions in two different situations representing adding OM to soils through land disposal of (a) OM-rich sewage sludge-originating biosolids and (b) olive mill wastewater (OMW). Both situations describe frequent environmental and agricultural scenarios. Comparisons of aqueous sorption on cobalt-60 γ-irradiated and non-irradiated soil sorbents were carried out for (a) triclosan (in a series of three soils and their lab-incubated mixtures with three different types of biosolids), and (b) the pesticide diuron (in two different untreated and OMW-affected soils). In each case, sodium azide was used as a biocide. Soil γ-irradiation affected the sorption of organic compounds by a factor generally not exceeding 2-3. Specifically, for triclosan, the sorbed concentration ratio between irradiated and non-irradiated soils when averaged over all the soil samples was 0.94. No significant effects of γ-irradiation on soil organic carbon or total nitrogen contents were observed. The effect of γ-irradiation on a soil sorbent may be less important when a rough estimate of a soil sorption coefficient of an organic compound is needed. However, it may need to be taken into account in mechanistic sorption studies, specifically, when the shape of sorption isotherms is of interest. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd.
Note:
Related Files :
Adsorption
Carbon
herbicides
pesticides
sewage
sewage sludge
soil
soil pollution
soil sterilization
γ-Irradiation
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1016/j.chemosphere.2016.02.091
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
30525
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:55
Scientific Publication
Effects of γ-irradiation of original and organic matter-amended soils on the sorption of triclosan and diuron from aqueous solutions
152
Borisover, M., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, The Volcani Center, ARO, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Keren, Y., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, The Volcani Center, ARO, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel, Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Usyskin, A., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, The Volcani Center, ARO, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel, Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Bukhanovsky, N., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, The Volcani Center, ARO, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Effects of γ-irradiation of original and organic matter-amended soils on the sorption of triclosan and diuron from aqueous solutions
Soil γ-irradiation is a well-known method of inhibiting microbial activity in studies of the soil sorption of organic compounds. However, few studies have addressed the possible effect of γ-irradiation on the sorptive ability of soils enriched with different types of organic matter (OM). The objective of this study was to probe the effect of soil γ-irradiation on organic compound-soil interactions in two different situations representing adding OM to soils through land disposal of (a) OM-rich sewage sludge-originating biosolids and (b) olive mill wastewater (OMW). Both situations describe frequent environmental and agricultural scenarios. Comparisons of aqueous sorption on cobalt-60 γ-irradiated and non-irradiated soil sorbents were carried out for (a) triclosan (in a series of three soils and their lab-incubated mixtures with three different types of biosolids), and (b) the pesticide diuron (in two different untreated and OMW-affected soils). In each case, sodium azide was used as a biocide. Soil γ-irradiation affected the sorption of organic compounds by a factor generally not exceeding 2-3. Specifically, for triclosan, the sorbed concentration ratio between irradiated and non-irradiated soils when averaged over all the soil samples was 0.94. No significant effects of γ-irradiation on soil organic carbon or total nitrogen contents were observed. The effect of γ-irradiation on a soil sorbent may be less important when a rough estimate of a soil sorption coefficient of an organic compound is needed. However, it may need to be taken into account in mechanistic sorption studies, specifically, when the shape of sorption isotherms is of interest. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd.
Scientific Publication
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