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The effect of UV pre-treatment on biofouling of BWRO membranes: A field study
Year:
2011
Source of publication :
Desalination and Water Treatment
Authors :
Minz, Dror
;
.
Volume :
31
Co-Authors:
Harif, T., Atlantium Technologies Ltd, Beit Shemesh, 99100, Israel
Elifantz, H., Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences, The Institute of Life Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Givat Ram, Jerusalem, 91904, Israel
Margalit, E., Atlantium Technologies Ltd, Beit Shemesh, 99100, Israel
Herzberg, M., Ben Gurion University of the Negev, The Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research, Sede Boqer Campus, Midreshet Ben-Gurion, 84990, Israel
Lichia, T., Atlantium Technologies Ltd, Beit Shemesh, 99100, Israel
Minz, D., Institute for Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences ARO, Volcani Research Center, P.O. Box 6, Beit Dagan, 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
151
To page:
163
(
Total pages:
13
)
Abstract:
The use of biocides, particularly chlorine, in reverse osmosis (RO) desalination is widely practiced despite documented evidence that although biocides may be advantageous in controlling microbial counts in the water, in some cases they can actually exacerbate biofouling of the membranes. The adverse effects, associated with widespread biocide use, have spurred the need for finding alternative RO pre-treatment disinfection methods. Ultraviolet (UV) disinfection, and specifically medium pressure ultraviolet (MP-UV) disinfection has been considered a possible alternative and is now gaining recognition as a viable disinfection method applicable to RO desalination; however documentation on the effects of UV pre-treatment on RO membrane biofouling is scarce. This paper reports the findings from a four month field study conducted at a brackish water reverse osmosis (BWRO) desalination plant, treating groundwater, in the north of Israel, in which MP-UV was applied as a pre-treatment disinfection step prior to RO desalination. The plant contains two double stage desalination trains that operate in parallel - one train served as a reference, while in the other an Atlantium HOD™ MP-UV system was installed. Both trains were run in parallel, and for the duration of the study, all normalized performance parameters were collected and microbial counts monitored. At the end of the run previously replaced sacrificial membranes, situated in the front of the first stages, were autopsied and various biofilm analyses were conducted to elucidate cell/extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) content and microbial speciation. The overall results suggest that MP-UV pre-treatment prolonged the train performance, which manifested itself in a lower relative normalized permeate flux decline vs. the train which received water without MP-UV pre-treatment (11% vs. 17%, respectively). Significantly less EPS was found on the RO membrane which received MP-UV treated water. The differences in biofilm thickness and cell density counts (cells/cm2) between the two membranes were notable, in favor of UV pre-treatment, yet less significant. The MP-UV pre-treatment also had a substantial effect on biofilm community composition; the RO membrane that received MP-UV disinfected water exhibited a biofilm in which the diversity was reduced by 30% and more, and did not contain certain phylogenetic groups that were detected on the RO membrane that received water without MP-UV pre-treatment. It can be concluded thatRO membranes and prolonging operation of the trains between cleaning regimes. © 2011 Desalination Publications. All rights reserved.
Note:
Related Files :
biofouling
EPS
Flux
Membranes
Reverse osmosis
Ultraviolet
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.5004/dwt.2011.2377
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
30594
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:55
Scientific Publication
The effect of UV pre-treatment on biofouling of BWRO membranes: A field study
31
Harif, T., Atlantium Technologies Ltd, Beit Shemesh, 99100, Israel
Elifantz, H., Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences, The Institute of Life Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Givat Ram, Jerusalem, 91904, Israel
Margalit, E., Atlantium Technologies Ltd, Beit Shemesh, 99100, Israel
Herzberg, M., Ben Gurion University of the Negev, The Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research, Sede Boqer Campus, Midreshet Ben-Gurion, 84990, Israel
Lichia, T., Atlantium Technologies Ltd, Beit Shemesh, 99100, Israel
Minz, D., Institute for Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences ARO, Volcani Research Center, P.O. Box 6, Beit Dagan, 50250, Israel
The effect of UV pre-treatment on biofouling of BWRO membranes: A field study
The use of biocides, particularly chlorine, in reverse osmosis (RO) desalination is widely practiced despite documented evidence that although biocides may be advantageous in controlling microbial counts in the water, in some cases they can actually exacerbate biofouling of the membranes. The adverse effects, associated with widespread biocide use, have spurred the need for finding alternative RO pre-treatment disinfection methods. Ultraviolet (UV) disinfection, and specifically medium pressure ultraviolet (MP-UV) disinfection has been considered a possible alternative and is now gaining recognition as a viable disinfection method applicable to RO desalination; however documentation on the effects of UV pre-treatment on RO membrane biofouling is scarce. This paper reports the findings from a four month field study conducted at a brackish water reverse osmosis (BWRO) desalination plant, treating groundwater, in the north of Israel, in which MP-UV was applied as a pre-treatment disinfection step prior to RO desalination. The plant contains two double stage desalination trains that operate in parallel - one train served as a reference, while in the other an Atlantium HOD™ MP-UV system was installed. Both trains were run in parallel, and for the duration of the study, all normalized performance parameters were collected and microbial counts monitored. At the end of the run previously replaced sacrificial membranes, situated in the front of the first stages, were autopsied and various biofilm analyses were conducted to elucidate cell/extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) content and microbial speciation. The overall results suggest that MP-UV pre-treatment prolonged the train performance, which manifested itself in a lower relative normalized permeate flux decline vs. the train which received water without MP-UV pre-treatment (11% vs. 17%, respectively). Significantly less EPS was found on the RO membrane which received MP-UV treated water. The differences in biofilm thickness and cell density counts (cells/cm2) between the two membranes were notable, in favor of UV pre-treatment, yet less significant. The MP-UV pre-treatment also had a substantial effect on biofilm community composition; the RO membrane that received MP-UV disinfected water exhibited a biofilm in which the diversity was reduced by 30% and more, and did not contain certain phylogenetic groups that were detected on the RO membrane that received water without MP-UV pre-treatment. It can be concluded thatRO membranes and prolonging operation of the trains between cleaning regimes. © 2011 Desalination Publications. All rights reserved.
Scientific Publication
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