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Plant Pathology
Frenkel, O., Department of Plant Pathology and Weed Research, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet-Dagan 50250, Israel
Yermiyahu, U., Agricultural Research Organization, Gilat Research Center, D.N. Negev 2, 85280, Israel
Forbes, G.A., International Potato Center (CIP), P.O. Box 1558, Lima 12, Peru
Fry, W.E., Department of Plant Pathology and Plant-Microbe Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, United States
Shtienberg, D., Department of Plant Pathology and Weed Research, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet-Dagan 50250, Israel
Boron is a microelement required for normal growth and development of plants but its positive effect is restricted to a narrow range of concentrations. The gradual increase in use of recycled water, which contains high concentrations of boron for irrigation, has already raised the level of boron in soils and plants in southern Israel. This research was conducted to examine the direct effects of sub-phytotoxic boron concentrations on potato late blight epidemics and to explore the mode of action of boron against Phytophthora infestans. When boron was applied alone to field grown potato plants it did not affect the epidemic. However, together with a reduced rate of the fungicide Melody Duo (propineb + iprovalicarb), boron improved late blight suppression compared to plants treated with the fungicide alone. The ED50 of boron against P. infestans (256·4 mg L-1) was about 6400 times higher than the ED50 value of the fungicide chlorothalonil (0·04 mg L-1), indicating that boron does not have a direct fungicidal activity that would explain the level of protection seen in the field. In greenhouse experiments conducted with potted tomato plants, boron decreased late blight severity in both treated leaves and distant leaves not treated with boron. The results suggest that boron is active locally but also may induce systemic acquired resistance against P. infestans. © 2010 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2010 BSPP.
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Restriction of potato and tomato late blight development by sub-phytotoxic concentrations of boron
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Frenkel, O., Department of Plant Pathology and Weed Research, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet-Dagan 50250, Israel
Yermiyahu, U., Agricultural Research Organization, Gilat Research Center, D.N. Negev 2, 85280, Israel
Forbes, G.A., International Potato Center (CIP), P.O. Box 1558, Lima 12, Peru
Fry, W.E., Department of Plant Pathology and Plant-Microbe Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, United States
Shtienberg, D., Department of Plant Pathology and Weed Research, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet-Dagan 50250, Israel
Restriction of potato and tomato late blight development by sub-phytotoxic concentrations of boron
Boron is a microelement required for normal growth and development of plants but its positive effect is restricted to a narrow range of concentrations. The gradual increase in use of recycled water, which contains high concentrations of boron for irrigation, has already raised the level of boron in soils and plants in southern Israel. This research was conducted to examine the direct effects of sub-phytotoxic boron concentrations on potato late blight epidemics and to explore the mode of action of boron against Phytophthora infestans. When boron was applied alone to field grown potato plants it did not affect the epidemic. However, together with a reduced rate of the fungicide Melody Duo (propineb + iprovalicarb), boron improved late blight suppression compared to plants treated with the fungicide alone. The ED50 of boron against P. infestans (256·4 mg L-1) was about 6400 times higher than the ED50 value of the fungicide chlorothalonil (0·04 mg L-1), indicating that boron does not have a direct fungicidal activity that would explain the level of protection seen in the field. In greenhouse experiments conducted with potted tomato plants, boron decreased late blight severity in both treated leaves and distant leaves not treated with boron. The results suggest that boron is active locally but also may induce systemic acquired resistance against P. infestans. © 2010 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2010 BSPP.
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