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Modeling carbon and nitrogen transformations for adjustment of compost application with nitrogen uptake by wheat
Year:
2005
Source of publication :
Journal of Environmental Quality
Authors :
Bar-Tal, Asher
;
.
Fine, Pinchas
;
.
Hadas, Aviva
;
.
Keinan, Miriam
;
.
Rosenberg, Rivka
;
.
Yermiyahu, Uri
;
.
Volume :
34
Co-Authors:
Beraud, J., Dept. of Soil Chem. and Plant Nutr., Inst. of Soil, Water/Environ. Sci., Volcani Center, P.O.B. 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel, Reseau des Missions Dechets, APCA-Chambres d'Agriculture, 9, Avenue George V, F-75008 Paris, France
Fine, P., Dept. of Soil Chem. and Plant Nutr., Inst. of Soil, Water/Environ. Sci., Volcani Center, P.O.B. 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Yermiyahu, U., Agricultural Research Organization, Gilat Research Center, D.N. Negev 85280, Israel
Keinan, M., Dept. of Soil Chem. and Plant Nutr., Inst. of Soil, Water/Environ. Sci., Volcani Center, P.O.B. 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Rosenberg, R., Dept. of Soil Chem. and Plant Nutr., Inst. of Soil, Water/Environ. Sci., Volcani Center, P.O.B. 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Hadas, A., Dept. of Soil Chem. and Plant Nutr., Inst. of Soil, Water/Environ. Sci., Volcani Center, P.O.B. 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Bar-Tal, A., Dept. of Soil Chem. and Plant Nutr., Inst. of Soil, Water/Environ. Sci., Volcani Center, P.O.B. 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
664
To page:
675
(
Total pages:
12
)
Abstract:
Environmentally sound management of the use of composts in agriculture relies on matching the rate of release of available N from compost-amended soils to the crop demand. To develop such management it is necessary to (i) characterize the properties of composts that control their rates of decomposition and release of N and (ii) determine the optimal amount of composts that should be applied annually to wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Carbon and N mineralization were measured under controlled conditions to determine compost decomposition rate parameters, and the NCSOIL model was used to derive the organic wastes parameters that control the rates of N and C transformations in the soil. We also characterized the effect of a drying period to estimate the effects of the dry season on C and N dynamics in the soil. The optimized compost parameters were then used to predict mineral N concentration dynamics in a soil-wheat system after successive annual applications of compost. Sewage sludge compost (SSC) and cattle manure compost (CMC) mineralization characteristics showed similar partitioning into two components of differing ease of decomposition. The labile component accounted for 16 to 20% of total C and 11 to 14% of total N, and it decomposed at a rate of 2.4 × 10-2 d-1, whereas the resistant pool had a decomposition rate constant of 1.2 to 1.4 × 10-4 d-1. The main differences between the two composts resulted from their total C and N and inorganic N contents, which were determined analytically. The long-term effect of a drying period on C and N mineralization was negligible. Use of these optimization results in a simulation of compost mineralization under a wheat crop, with a modified plant-effect version of the NCSOIL model, enabled us to evaluate the effects of the following factors on the C and N dynamics in soil: (i) soil temperature, (ii) mineral N uptake by plants, and (iii) release of very labile organic C in root exudates. This labile organic C enhanced N immobilization following application, and so decreased the N available for uptake by plants.
Note:
Related Files :
Agriculture
Carbon
environmental management
soil
temperature
Triticum
Triticum aestivum
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More details
DOI :
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
30758
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:57
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Scientific Publication
Modeling carbon and nitrogen transformations for adjustment of compost application with nitrogen uptake by wheat
34
Beraud, J., Dept. of Soil Chem. and Plant Nutr., Inst. of Soil, Water/Environ. Sci., Volcani Center, P.O.B. 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel, Reseau des Missions Dechets, APCA-Chambres d'Agriculture, 9, Avenue George V, F-75008 Paris, France
Fine, P., Dept. of Soil Chem. and Plant Nutr., Inst. of Soil, Water/Environ. Sci., Volcani Center, P.O.B. 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Yermiyahu, U., Agricultural Research Organization, Gilat Research Center, D.N. Negev 85280, Israel
Keinan, M., Dept. of Soil Chem. and Plant Nutr., Inst. of Soil, Water/Environ. Sci., Volcani Center, P.O.B. 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Rosenberg, R., Dept. of Soil Chem. and Plant Nutr., Inst. of Soil, Water/Environ. Sci., Volcani Center, P.O.B. 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Hadas, A., Dept. of Soil Chem. and Plant Nutr., Inst. of Soil, Water/Environ. Sci., Volcani Center, P.O.B. 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Bar-Tal, A., Dept. of Soil Chem. and Plant Nutr., Inst. of Soil, Water/Environ. Sci., Volcani Center, P.O.B. 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Modeling carbon and nitrogen transformations for adjustment of compost application with nitrogen uptake by wheat
Environmentally sound management of the use of composts in agriculture relies on matching the rate of release of available N from compost-amended soils to the crop demand. To develop such management it is necessary to (i) characterize the properties of composts that control their rates of decomposition and release of N and (ii) determine the optimal amount of composts that should be applied annually to wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Carbon and N mineralization were measured under controlled conditions to determine compost decomposition rate parameters, and the NCSOIL model was used to derive the organic wastes parameters that control the rates of N and C transformations in the soil. We also characterized the effect of a drying period to estimate the effects of the dry season on C and N dynamics in the soil. The optimized compost parameters were then used to predict mineral N concentration dynamics in a soil-wheat system after successive annual applications of compost. Sewage sludge compost (SSC) and cattle manure compost (CMC) mineralization characteristics showed similar partitioning into two components of differing ease of decomposition. The labile component accounted for 16 to 20% of total C and 11 to 14% of total N, and it decomposed at a rate of 2.4 × 10-2 d-1, whereas the resistant pool had a decomposition rate constant of 1.2 to 1.4 × 10-4 d-1. The main differences between the two composts resulted from their total C and N and inorganic N contents, which were determined analytically. The long-term effect of a drying period on C and N mineralization was negligible. Use of these optimization results in a simulation of compost mineralization under a wheat crop, with a modified plant-effect version of the NCSOIL model, enabled us to evaluate the effects of the following factors on the C and N dynamics in soil: (i) soil temperature, (ii) mineral N uptake by plants, and (iii) release of very labile organic C in root exudates. This labile organic C enhanced N immobilization following application, and so decreased the N available for uptake by plants.
Scientific Publication
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