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Soil hydraulic conductivity changes caused by irrigation with reclaimed waste water
Year:
1999
Source of publication :
Journal of Environmental Quality
Authors :
Levy, Guy
;
.
Shainberg, Isaac
;
.
Volume :
28
Co-Authors:
Levy, G.J., Inst. Soils, Water and Environ. Sci., Agric. Res. Organ, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Rosenthal, A., Inst. Soils, Water and Environ. Sci., Agric. Res. Organ, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Tarchitzky, J., Dep. of Soil and Water Sci., Fac. Agric., Food, Environ. Qual. S., Hebrew Univ. of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Shainberg, I., Inst. Soils, Water and Environ. Sci., Agric. Res. Organ, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Chen, Y., Dep. of Soil and Water Sci., Fac. Agric., Food, Environ. Qual. S., Hebrew Univ. of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
1658
To page:
1664
(
Total pages:
7
)
Abstract:
Use of reclaimed waste water (RWW) in arid and semiarid regions may alleviate problems of fresh water shortage; however, it also involves some potential risks among which are degradation of soil hydraulic properties. The objectives of the current study were to study the effects of organic matter (OM) loads found in RWW obtained from a secondary treatment plant in Tel Aviv, Israel, and different size fractions of the suspended solids in the RWW on the hydraulic conductivity (HC) of three Israeli soils. The hydraulic conductivity of a clayey grumusol (Typic Chromoxerert), a typic loamy loess (Calcic Haploxeralf), and a sandy loam hamra (Typic Rhodexeralf) was determined in the laboratory using soil columns, by leaching with RWW containing zero, low, or high OM load, followed by leaching with distilled water (DW). The effects of suspended solids' size fraction on the HC was determined by filtering RWW. Leaching with high OM load RWW caused the relative HC of the grumusol, loess and hamra to drop to final values of 13.9, 24.2, and 58.8%, respectively. Filtering out suspended solids >1.2 μ in this water improved the HC of the hamra, but did not significantly affect the final relative HC of the grumusol and loess. Leaching with low OM load RWW did not significantly decrease the HC beyond the decrease attributed to the effects of the concentration and composition of the electrolytes present in the zero OM load RWW. Subsequent leaching with DW caused an additional decrease in HC, whose magnitude for a given soil did not depend on the quality of the RWW previously used. The presence of OM in the irrigation water did not seem to have significant residual effects on soil HC. Evidently, in high OM load RWW the OM fraction determines the soils' HC, whereas in low OM load RWW, it is the electrolyte concentration and composition in the water, that seem to pose the hazard to soil hydraulic properties, especially during subsequent leaching with DW.
Note:
Related Files :
Filtration
irrigation
irrigation (agriculture)
Loamy loess
soil
Soils
Suspended solids
water
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
30846
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:57
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Scientific Publication
Soil hydraulic conductivity changes caused by irrigation with reclaimed waste water
28
Levy, G.J., Inst. Soils, Water and Environ. Sci., Agric. Res. Organ, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Rosenthal, A., Inst. Soils, Water and Environ. Sci., Agric. Res. Organ, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Tarchitzky, J., Dep. of Soil and Water Sci., Fac. Agric., Food, Environ. Qual. S., Hebrew Univ. of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Shainberg, I., Inst. Soils, Water and Environ. Sci., Agric. Res. Organ, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Chen, Y., Dep. of Soil and Water Sci., Fac. Agric., Food, Environ. Qual. S., Hebrew Univ. of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Soil hydraulic conductivity changes caused by irrigation with reclaimed waste water
Use of reclaimed waste water (RWW) in arid and semiarid regions may alleviate problems of fresh water shortage; however, it also involves some potential risks among which are degradation of soil hydraulic properties. The objectives of the current study were to study the effects of organic matter (OM) loads found in RWW obtained from a secondary treatment plant in Tel Aviv, Israel, and different size fractions of the suspended solids in the RWW on the hydraulic conductivity (HC) of three Israeli soils. The hydraulic conductivity of a clayey grumusol (Typic Chromoxerert), a typic loamy loess (Calcic Haploxeralf), and a sandy loam hamra (Typic Rhodexeralf) was determined in the laboratory using soil columns, by leaching with RWW containing zero, low, or high OM load, followed by leaching with distilled water (DW). The effects of suspended solids' size fraction on the HC was determined by filtering RWW. Leaching with high OM load RWW caused the relative HC of the grumusol, loess and hamra to drop to final values of 13.9, 24.2, and 58.8%, respectively. Filtering out suspended solids >1.2 μ in this water improved the HC of the hamra, but did not significantly affect the final relative HC of the grumusol and loess. Leaching with low OM load RWW did not significantly decrease the HC beyond the decrease attributed to the effects of the concentration and composition of the electrolytes present in the zero OM load RWW. Subsequent leaching with DW caused an additional decrease in HC, whose magnitude for a given soil did not depend on the quality of the RWW previously used. The presence of OM in the irrigation water did not seem to have significant residual effects on soil HC. Evidently, in high OM load RWW the OM fraction determines the soils' HC, whereas in low OM load RWW, it is the electrolyte concentration and composition in the water, that seem to pose the hazard to soil hydraulic properties, especially during subsequent leaching with DW.
Scientific Publication
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