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Acquisition and retention of dark avoidance by the toad, Xenopus laevis (Daudin)
Year:
1981
Source of publication :
Animal Learning & Behavior
Authors :
Karplus, Ilan
;
.
Volume :
9
Co-Authors:
Karplus, I., Department of Isotope Research, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rechovot, Israel
Algom, D., Department of Isotope Research, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rechovot, Israel
Samuel, D., Department of Isotope Research, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rechovot, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
45
To page:
49
(
Total pages:
5
)
Abstract:
Young toads, Xenopus laevis, were trained for dark avoidance in a passive avoidance paradigm using electric shock in a fully automatic training and recording procedure. Dark avoidance was acquired within approximately 30 min and was retained on retesting 24 h later. Comparison of the performance of the toads during training and during retesting was used as an indicator for saving or reinforced retention. Control experiments demonstrated that changes in behavior were due to learning and not to nonassociative effects such as pseudoconditioning, increased sensitization to shock, or acquaintance with the testing apparatus. © 1981 Psychonomic Society, Inc.
Note:
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More details
DOI :
10.3758/BF03212024
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
31080
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:59
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Scientific Publication
Acquisition and retention of dark avoidance by the toad, Xenopus laevis (Daudin)
9
Karplus, I., Department of Isotope Research, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rechovot, Israel
Algom, D., Department of Isotope Research, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rechovot, Israel
Samuel, D., Department of Isotope Research, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rechovot, Israel
Acquisition and retention of dark avoidance by the toad, Xenopus laevis (Daudin)
Young toads, Xenopus laevis, were trained for dark avoidance in a passive avoidance paradigm using electric shock in a fully automatic training and recording procedure. Dark avoidance was acquired within approximately 30 min and was retained on retesting 24 h later. Comparison of the performance of the toads during training and during retesting was used as an indicator for saving or reinforced retention. Control experiments demonstrated that changes in behavior were due to learning and not to nonassociative effects such as pseudoconditioning, increased sensitization to shock, or acquaintance with the testing apparatus. © 1981 Psychonomic Society, Inc.
Scientific Publication
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