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Growth, development and yield of crambe abyssinica under saline irrigation in the Greenhouse
Year:
2013
Authors :
Heuer, Bruria
;
.
Volume :
199
Co-Authors:
Ionov, M., Department of General Biophysics, University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland
Yuldasheva, N., Institute of the Chemistry of Plant Substances, Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
Ulchenko, N., Institute of the Chemistry of Plant Substances, Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
Glushenkova, A.I., Institute of the Chemistry of Plant Substances, Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
Heuer, B., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, ARO, Bet Dagan, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
331
To page:
339
(
Total pages:
9
)
Abstract:
Salinity is one of the major factors limiting agricultural productivity in arid and semi-arid regions. Saline areas around the world are increasing and sources of fresh water are decreasing. The increasing importance of the use of brackish water to supplement regular irrigation has demonstrated a need for finding new potential plants with tolerance to irrigation with saline water which can be used in industrial agriculture. The aim of this study was to determine whether irrigation with brackish water of Crambe Abyssinica, a plant commonly used for industrial oil production and for ornamental purposes and with high economical value, especially in Central Asia and the Aral Sea region, is feasible. One more goal was to study how it influences growth and development, seed and oil yield and some physiological parameters such as photosynthesis, transpiration, chlorophyll content, osmotic potential and accumulation of fresh and dry weight. The effects of three salinity levels, 3, 6 and 9 dS m-1, were investigated in a greenhouse experiment during two consecutive years. Results of this study showed that growth of Crambe abyssinica in arid zones and irrigation with mild saline water up to EC 6 dS m-1, mostly common in these areas is feasible, suggesting tolerance to moderate salinity levels and feasibility of its culture in areas of the Aral Sea with adequate salinity levels. Consequently, in spite of the fact that biomass and seed yield were significantly decreased in plants irrigated with brackish water, Crambe abyssinica might be cultivated as an alternate source of green biomass and for industrial vegetable oil under conditions not suitable for conventional plant production. © 2013 Blackwell Verlag GmbH.
Note:
Related Files :
agricultural production
Biomass
chlorophyll
Growth
irrigation
photosynthesis
Seed
transpiration
vegetable oil
Show More
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More details
DOI :
10.1111/jac.12027
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
31086
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:59
Scientific Publication
Growth, development and yield of crambe abyssinica under saline irrigation in the Greenhouse
199
Ionov, M., Department of General Biophysics, University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland
Yuldasheva, N., Institute of the Chemistry of Plant Substances, Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
Ulchenko, N., Institute of the Chemistry of Plant Substances, Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
Glushenkova, A.I., Institute of the Chemistry of Plant Substances, Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
Heuer, B., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, ARO, Bet Dagan, Israel
Growth, development and yield of crambe abyssinica under saline irrigation in the Greenhouse
Salinity is one of the major factors limiting agricultural productivity in arid and semi-arid regions. Saline areas around the world are increasing and sources of fresh water are decreasing. The increasing importance of the use of brackish water to supplement regular irrigation has demonstrated a need for finding new potential plants with tolerance to irrigation with saline water which can be used in industrial agriculture. The aim of this study was to determine whether irrigation with brackish water of Crambe Abyssinica, a plant commonly used for industrial oil production and for ornamental purposes and with high economical value, especially in Central Asia and the Aral Sea region, is feasible. One more goal was to study how it influences growth and development, seed and oil yield and some physiological parameters such as photosynthesis, transpiration, chlorophyll content, osmotic potential and accumulation of fresh and dry weight. The effects of three salinity levels, 3, 6 and 9 dS m-1, were investigated in a greenhouse experiment during two consecutive years. Results of this study showed that growth of Crambe abyssinica in arid zones and irrigation with mild saline water up to EC 6 dS m-1, mostly common in these areas is feasible, suggesting tolerance to moderate salinity levels and feasibility of its culture in areas of the Aral Sea with adequate salinity levels. Consequently, in spite of the fact that biomass and seed yield were significantly decreased in plants irrigated with brackish water, Crambe abyssinica might be cultivated as an alternate source of green biomass and for industrial vegetable oil under conditions not suitable for conventional plant production. © 2013 Blackwell Verlag GmbH.
Scientific Publication
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