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Numerical analysis of solute transport during transient irrigation: 1. The effect of hysteresis and profile heterogeneity
Year:
1989
Source of publication :
Water Resources Research
Authors :
Russo, David
;
.
Volume :
25
Co-Authors:
Russo, D.
Jury, W.A.
Butters, G.L.
Facilitators :
From page:
2109
To page:
2118
(
Total pages:
10
)
Abstract:
Most of the existing data on vadose zone field scale solute transport have been obtained from experiments conducted under transient, nonmonotonic water flow. However, the majority of the theoretical analyses of these experiments have used models which assume monotonic steady state water flow and uniform water content for the entire profile. In this study, transport of nonreactive solutes under nonmonotonic, transient water flow is analyzed numerically. The effect of hysteresis on solute transport is evaluated by making the soil hydraulic properties hysteretic using the procedure of Kool and Parker (1987). The effect of profile heterogeneity on solute transport is analyzed by assuming that the medium is scale heterogeneous in a vertical direction, with a random scale factor. Results of the simulations show that under transient water flow, analysis of solute transport data with a steady state water flow model may considerably overestimate the effective vertical pore water velocity. Under nonmonotonic water flow, when the hysteretic characteristics of the soil are important, transient flow models which neglect hysteresis can also seriously overestimate the solute velocity. In addition, failure to account for profile heterogeneity will also overestimate the solute velocity, because both hysteresis and profile heterogeneity change the water content profile and concurrently retard solute transport relative to the movement predicted if the soil water system is considered as homogeneous and nonhysteretic. Analyses of the computed breakthrough curves suggest that direct stimates of the amount of water drained below a given depth may improve the goodness of fit of the solution of the convection dispersion equation with constant effective parameters to the breakthrough curves obtained under transient conditions. The fitted parameters, however, are depth dependent and the resulting effective solute velocity is smaller than the steady state pore water velocity. Copyright 1989 by the American Geophysical Union.
Note:
Related Files :
breakthrough curve
Hysteresis
profile heterogeneity
Solute transport
vadose zone
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Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1029/WR025i010p02109
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
31087
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:59
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Scientific Publication
Numerical analysis of solute transport during transient irrigation: 1. The effect of hysteresis and profile heterogeneity
25
Russo, D.
Jury, W.A.
Butters, G.L.
Numerical analysis of solute transport during transient irrigation: 1. The effect of hysteresis and profile heterogeneity
Most of the existing data on vadose zone field scale solute transport have been obtained from experiments conducted under transient, nonmonotonic water flow. However, the majority of the theoretical analyses of these experiments have used models which assume monotonic steady state water flow and uniform water content for the entire profile. In this study, transport of nonreactive solutes under nonmonotonic, transient water flow is analyzed numerically. The effect of hysteresis on solute transport is evaluated by making the soil hydraulic properties hysteretic using the procedure of Kool and Parker (1987). The effect of profile heterogeneity on solute transport is analyzed by assuming that the medium is scale heterogeneous in a vertical direction, with a random scale factor. Results of the simulations show that under transient water flow, analysis of solute transport data with a steady state water flow model may considerably overestimate the effective vertical pore water velocity. Under nonmonotonic water flow, when the hysteretic characteristics of the soil are important, transient flow models which neglect hysteresis can also seriously overestimate the solute velocity. In addition, failure to account for profile heterogeneity will also overestimate the solute velocity, because both hysteresis and profile heterogeneity change the water content profile and concurrently retard solute transport relative to the movement predicted if the soil water system is considered as homogeneous and nonhysteretic. Analyses of the computed breakthrough curves suggest that direct stimates of the amount of water drained below a given depth may improve the goodness of fit of the solution of the convection dispersion equation with constant effective parameters to the breakthrough curves obtained under transient conditions. The fitted parameters, however, are depth dependent and the resulting effective solute velocity is smaller than the steady state pore water velocity. Copyright 1989 by the American Geophysical Union.
Scientific Publication
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