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Sorption of propylene oxide by various commodities
Year:
2005
Authors :
Dias, Rafi
;
.
Finkelman, Simcha
;
.
Navarro, Shlomo
;
.
Rindner, Miriam
;
.
Volume :
41
Co-Authors:
Isikber, A.A., Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Univ. Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam, K., Turkey
Navarro, S., Department of Stored Products, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Ctr., P.O. Box 6, Bet-D., Israel
Finkelman, S., Department of Stored Products, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Ctr., P.O. Box 6, Bet-D., Israel
Rindner, M., Department of Stored Products, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Ctr., P.O. Box 6, Bet-D., Israel
Dias, R., Department of Stored Products, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Ctr., P.O. Box 6, Bet-D., Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
311
To page:
321
(
Total pages:
11
)
Abstract:
Sorption of propylene oxide (PPO) by various commodities was studied at different concentrations during a 4-h exposure at 30°C. A gas chromatograph was used to determine sorption of PPO applied at concentrations of 24, 49, 82 and 112 mg/l by 1±0.01 kg of narcissus bulbs, wheat, corn and cocoa beans in 2.64-l fumigation chambers. Results showed that for corn and cocoa beans the decrease in concentration during the first hour, that ranged from 40% to 76% of the initial concentration applied, was much greater than that for narcissus bulbs and wheat, which ranged from 25% to 41% of the initial concentration applied. PPO was initially taken up faster by corn and cocoa beans than by narcissus bulbs and wheat. The average sorption rate for each commodity increased with increasing initial concentration. The average sorption rate of PPO by corn and cocoa beans ranged from 14.9 to 48.6 ((mg/kg)/h) which was higher at each concentration than sorption by narcissus bulbs and wheat. In spite of the relatively high rates of sorption, the PPO residues among wheat, corn and cocoa beans immediately following a 4-h fumigation were well below the 300 ppm tolerance. These data show that PPO rapidly desorbed from the commodities under fumigation at 30°C and at ambient atmospheric pressure. © 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Note:
Related Files :
Cocoa beans
fumigation
Narcissus
Propylene oxide
Sorption
Theobroma cacao
Triticum aestivum
wheat
Zea mays
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1016/j.jspr.2004.04.003
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
31142
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 01:00
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Scientific Publication
Sorption of propylene oxide by various commodities
41
Isikber, A.A., Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Univ. Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam, K., Turkey
Navarro, S., Department of Stored Products, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Ctr., P.O. Box 6, Bet-D., Israel
Finkelman, S., Department of Stored Products, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Ctr., P.O. Box 6, Bet-D., Israel
Rindner, M., Department of Stored Products, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Ctr., P.O. Box 6, Bet-D., Israel
Dias, R., Department of Stored Products, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Ctr., P.O. Box 6, Bet-D., Israel
Sorption of propylene oxide by various commodities
Sorption of propylene oxide (PPO) by various commodities was studied at different concentrations during a 4-h exposure at 30°C. A gas chromatograph was used to determine sorption of PPO applied at concentrations of 24, 49, 82 and 112 mg/l by 1±0.01 kg of narcissus bulbs, wheat, corn and cocoa beans in 2.64-l fumigation chambers. Results showed that for corn and cocoa beans the decrease in concentration during the first hour, that ranged from 40% to 76% of the initial concentration applied, was much greater than that for narcissus bulbs and wheat, which ranged from 25% to 41% of the initial concentration applied. PPO was initially taken up faster by corn and cocoa beans than by narcissus bulbs and wheat. The average sorption rate for each commodity increased with increasing initial concentration. The average sorption rate of PPO by corn and cocoa beans ranged from 14.9 to 48.6 ((mg/kg)/h) which was higher at each concentration than sorption by narcissus bulbs and wheat. In spite of the relatively high rates of sorption, the PPO residues among wheat, corn and cocoa beans immediately following a 4-h fumigation were well below the 300 ppm tolerance. These data show that PPO rapidly desorbed from the commodities under fumigation at 30°C and at ambient atmospheric pressure. © 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Scientific Publication
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