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Role of peripartum dietary propylene glycol or protected fats on metabolism and early postpartum ovarian follicles
Year:
2007
Source of publication :
Journal of Dairy Science
Authors :
Jacoby, Shamay
;
.
Katz, M.
;
.
Lehrer, Hanna
;
.
Livshitz, Lilya
;
.
Moallem, Uzi
;
.
Volume :
90
Co-Authors:
Moallem, U., Department of Dairy Cattle, Institute of Animal Sciences, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet-Dagan, 50250, Israel
Katz, M., Department of Dairy Cattle, Institute of Animal Sciences, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet-Dagan, 50250, Israel, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Hebrew University, Rehovot, 76-100, Israel
Lehrer, H., Department of Dairy Cattle, Institute of Animal Sciences, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet-Dagan, 50250, Israel
Livshitz, L., Department of Dairy Cattle, Institute of Animal Sciences, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet-Dagan, 50250, Israel
Yakoby, S., Department of Dairy Cattle, Institute of Animal Sciences, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet-Dagan, 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
1243
To page:
1254
(
Total pages:
12
)
Abstract:
Eighty multiparous cows were used to test the effects of feeding a supplement containing 55% dry propylene glycol (PGLY), prilled fat (PrFA) containing a low proportion of unsaturated fatty acids (FA), or calcium soaps of long-chain FA (CaLFA) containing a high proportion of unsaturated FA on energy balance (EB), blood metabolites, and early postpartum (PP) ovarian follicles. Dry cows (256 d pregnant) were divided into 6 groups and began the following dietary treatments: 1) control group, fed a dry cow diet and fed a lactating cow diet PP; 2) PGLY group, diet supplemented with 500 g/d per cow of dry PGLY prepartum through 21 d in milk; 3) PrFA:control group, diet supplemented with 230 g/ d per cow of PrFA prepartum and fed the control diet PP; 4) PrFA:PrFA group, diet supplemented with 230 g/d per cow of PrFA prepartum through 21 d in milk; 5) CaLFA:control, supplemented with 215 g/d per cow of CaLFA prepartum and fed the control diet PP; 6) CaLFA:CaLFA, supplemented with 215 g/d per cow of CaLFA prepartum through 21 d in milk. Follicular fluid was aspirated from follicles >6 mm on d 12 PP. The daily average calculated EB during the first 21 d in milk was lower in the PrFA:PrFA (-4.16 Mcal/d) and CaLFA:CaLFA (-3.64 Mcal/d) groups than in the control (-1.71 Mcal/d) and PGLY (-2.19 Mcal/d) groups. Postpartum plasma β-hydroxybutyrate was higher, and insulin concentrations were lower in the PrFA:PrFA (6.2 mg/dL and 126.1 pg/mL, respectively) and CaLFA:CaLFA (7.0 mg/dL and 130.7 pg/mL) groups than in the control (4.5 mg/dL and 274.5 pg/mL) and PGLY (4.3 mg/dL and 272.6 pg/mL) groups, whereas nonesterified FA concentrations were higher only than the control group. Postpartum nonesterified FA were 21% lower and insulin plasma concentrations were 86% higher in the CaLFA:control group as compared with the PrFA:control group. The progesterone concentrations in the follicular fluid of estradiol-active follicles were higher in the CaLFA:CaLFA (200.7 ng/mL) group than in all other groups (57.3 to 92.4 ng/mL), and androstenedione and estradiol concentrations were higher (54.2 and 1,049.1 ng/mL, respectively) than in the PGLY (15.5 and 440.1 ng/mL), PrFA:control (22.6 and 314.1 ng/mL), and CaLFA:control (17.5 and 451.9 ng/ mL) groups. In conclusion, supplementation of protected fat during the peripartum period negatively affected the EB status of the cows. Neither fat supplementation nor PGLY influenced the development of ovarian follicles during the early PP period, but feeding fat containing a high ratio of unsaturated FA (CaLFA) increased progesterone concentrations in estradiol-active follicles that were aspirated at 12 d in milk. © American Dairy Science Association, 2007.
Note:
Related Files :
Animal
Animals
Blood
cattle
fatty acids
Female
lactation
metabolism
milk
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More details
DOI :
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
Review
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
31154
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 01:00
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Scientific Publication
Role of peripartum dietary propylene glycol or protected fats on metabolism and early postpartum ovarian follicles
90
Moallem, U., Department of Dairy Cattle, Institute of Animal Sciences, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet-Dagan, 50250, Israel
Katz, M., Department of Dairy Cattle, Institute of Animal Sciences, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet-Dagan, 50250, Israel, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Hebrew University, Rehovot, 76-100, Israel
Lehrer, H., Department of Dairy Cattle, Institute of Animal Sciences, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet-Dagan, 50250, Israel
Livshitz, L., Department of Dairy Cattle, Institute of Animal Sciences, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet-Dagan, 50250, Israel
Yakoby, S., Department of Dairy Cattle, Institute of Animal Sciences, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet-Dagan, 50250, Israel
Role of peripartum dietary propylene glycol or protected fats on metabolism and early postpartum ovarian follicles
Eighty multiparous cows were used to test the effects of feeding a supplement containing 55% dry propylene glycol (PGLY), prilled fat (PrFA) containing a low proportion of unsaturated fatty acids (FA), or calcium soaps of long-chain FA (CaLFA) containing a high proportion of unsaturated FA on energy balance (EB), blood metabolites, and early postpartum (PP) ovarian follicles. Dry cows (256 d pregnant) were divided into 6 groups and began the following dietary treatments: 1) control group, fed a dry cow diet and fed a lactating cow diet PP; 2) PGLY group, diet supplemented with 500 g/d per cow of dry PGLY prepartum through 21 d in milk; 3) PrFA:control group, diet supplemented with 230 g/ d per cow of PrFA prepartum and fed the control diet PP; 4) PrFA:PrFA group, diet supplemented with 230 g/d per cow of PrFA prepartum through 21 d in milk; 5) CaLFA:control, supplemented with 215 g/d per cow of CaLFA prepartum and fed the control diet PP; 6) CaLFA:CaLFA, supplemented with 215 g/d per cow of CaLFA prepartum through 21 d in milk. Follicular fluid was aspirated from follicles >6 mm on d 12 PP. The daily average calculated EB during the first 21 d in milk was lower in the PrFA:PrFA (-4.16 Mcal/d) and CaLFA:CaLFA (-3.64 Mcal/d) groups than in the control (-1.71 Mcal/d) and PGLY (-2.19 Mcal/d) groups. Postpartum plasma β-hydroxybutyrate was higher, and insulin concentrations were lower in the PrFA:PrFA (6.2 mg/dL and 126.1 pg/mL, respectively) and CaLFA:CaLFA (7.0 mg/dL and 130.7 pg/mL) groups than in the control (4.5 mg/dL and 274.5 pg/mL) and PGLY (4.3 mg/dL and 272.6 pg/mL) groups, whereas nonesterified FA concentrations were higher only than the control group. Postpartum nonesterified FA were 21% lower and insulin plasma concentrations were 86% higher in the CaLFA:control group as compared with the PrFA:control group. The progesterone concentrations in the follicular fluid of estradiol-active follicles were higher in the CaLFA:CaLFA (200.7 ng/mL) group than in all other groups (57.3 to 92.4 ng/mL), and androstenedione and estradiol concentrations were higher (54.2 and 1,049.1 ng/mL, respectively) than in the PGLY (15.5 and 440.1 ng/mL), PrFA:control (22.6 and 314.1 ng/mL), and CaLFA:control (17.5 and 451.9 ng/ mL) groups. In conclusion, supplementation of protected fat during the peripartum period negatively affected the EB status of the cows. Neither fat supplementation nor PGLY influenced the development of ovarian follicles during the early PP period, but feeding fat containing a high ratio of unsaturated FA (CaLFA) increased progesterone concentrations in estradiol-active follicles that were aspirated at 12 d in milk. © American Dairy Science Association, 2007.
Scientific Publication
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