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Genome expansion and gene loss in powdery mildew fungi reveal tradeoffs in extreme parasitism
Year:
2010
Source of publication :
Science
Authors :
Frenkel, Omer
;
.
Volume :
330
Co-Authors:
Spanu, P.D., Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
Abbott, J.C., Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
Amselem, J., Institute National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA), Unite de Recherche Genomique Info, Versailles, France, INRA, Unite BIOGER-CPP, Grignon, France
Burgis, T.A., Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
Soanes, D.M., School of Biosciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom
Stüber, K., Department of Plant Microbe Interactions, Max-Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany
Van Themaat, E.V.L., Department of Plant Microbe Interactions, Max-Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany
Brown, J.K.M., Department of Disease and Stress Biology, John Innes Centre, Norwich, United Kingdom
Butcher, S.A., Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
Gurr, S.J., Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
Lebrun, M.-H., INRA, Unite BIOGER-CPP, Grignon, France
Ridout, C.J., Department of Disease and Stress Biology, John Innes Centre, Norwich, United Kingdom
Schulze-Lefert, P., Department of Plant Microbe Interactions, Max-Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany
Talbot, N.J., School of Biosciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom
Ahmadinejad, N., Department of Plant Microbe Interactions, Max-Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany
Ametz, C., Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
Barton, G.R., Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
Benjdia, M., Department of Plant Microbe Interactions, Max-Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany
Bidzinski, P., Department of Plant Microbe Interactions, Max-Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany
Bindschedler, L.V., Department of Chemistry, University of Reading, Reading, United Kingdom
Both, M., Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
Brewer, M.T., Department of Plant Pathology and Plant-Microbe Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, United States
Cadle-Davidson, L., U.S. Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service Grape Genetics Research Unit, Geneva, NY 14853, United States, Department of Plant Pathology and Plant Microbe Biology, Cornell University, Geneva, NY 14456, United States
Cadle-Davidson, M.M., U.S. Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service Grape Genetics Research Unit, Geneva, NY 14853, United States
Collemare, J., Institute National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA), Unite de Recherche Genomique Info, Versailles, France, Wageningen University, Laboratory of Phytopathology, Wageningen, Netherlands
Cramer, R., Department of Chemistry, University of Reading, Reading, United Kingdom
Frenkel, O., Department of Plant Pathology and Plant-Microbe Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, United States
Godfrey, D., Department of Agriculture and Ecology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
Harriman, J., U.S. Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service Grape Genetics Research Unit, Geneva, NY 14853, United States
Hoede, C., Institute National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA), Unite de Recherche Genomique Info, Versailles, France
King, B.C., Department of Plant Pathology and Plant-Microbe Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, United States
Klages, S., Max-Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Berlin, Germany
Kleemann, J., Department of Plant Microbe Interactions, Max-Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany
Knoll, D., Department of Plant Microbe Interactions, Max-Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany
Koti, P.S., Department of Plant Microbe Interactions, Max-Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany
Kreplak, J., Institute National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA), Unite de Recherche Genomique Info, Versailles, France
López-Ruiz, F.J., Department of Disease and Stress Biology, John Innes Centre, Norwich, United Kingdom
Lu, X., Department of Plant Microbe Interactions, Max-Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany
Maekawa, T., Department of Plant Microbe Interactions, Max-Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany
Mahanil, S., U.S. Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service Grape Genetics Research Unit, Geneva, NY 14853, United States
Micali, C., Department of Plant Microbe Interactions, Max-Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany
Milgroom, M.G., Department of Plant Pathology and Plant-Microbe Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, United States
Montana, G., Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
Noir, S., Department of Plant Microbe Interactions, Max-Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany, Institut de Biologie Moléculaire des Plantes-CNRS, Strasbourg, France
O'Connell, R.J., Department of Plant Microbe Interactions, Max-Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany
Oberhaensli, S., Institute of Plant Biology, University of Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland
Parlange, F., Institute of Plant Biology, University of Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland
Pedersen, C., Department of Agriculture and Ecology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
Quesneville, H., Institute National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA), Unite de Recherche Genomique Info, Versailles, France
Reinhardt, R., Max-Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Berlin, Germany
Rott, M., Department of Plant Microbe Interactions, Max-Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany
Sacristán, S., Centro de Biotecnología Y Genómica de Plantas (UPM-INIA) and E.T.S.I, Agrónomos Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
Schmidt, S.M., Department of Plant Microbe Interactions, Max-Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany, Plant Pathology, Swammerdam Institute for Life Sciences, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Schön, M., Department of Plant Microbe Interactions, Max-Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany
Skamnioti, P., Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
Sommer, H., Department of Plant Microbe Interactions, Max-Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany
Stephens, A., Department of Plant Microbe Interactions, Max-Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany
Takahara, H., Department of Plant Microbe Interactions, Max-Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany
Thordal-Christensen, H., Department of Agriculture and Ecology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
Vigouroux, M., Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
Weßling, R., Department of Plant Microbe Interactions, Max-Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany
Wicker, T., Institute of Plant Biology, University of Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland
Panstruga, R., Department of Plant Microbe Interactions, Max-Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany
Facilitators :
From page:
1543
To page:
1546
(
Total pages:
4
)
Abstract:
Powdery mildews are phytopathogens whose growth and reproduction are entirely dependent on living plant cells. The molecular basis of this life-style, obligate biotrophy, remains unknown. We present the genome analysis of barley powdery mildew, Blumeria graminis f.sp. hordei (Blumeria), as well as a comparison with the analysis of two powdery mildews pathogenic on dicotyledonous plants. These genomes display massive retrotransposon proliferation, genome-size expansion, and gene losses. The missing genes encode enzymes of primary and secondary metabolism, carbohydrate-active enzymes, and transporters, probably reflecting their redundancy in an exclusively biotrophic life-style. Among the 248 candidate effectors of pathogenesis identified in the Blumeria genome, very few (less than 10) define a core set conserved in all three mildews, suggesting thatmost effectors represent species-specific adaptations.
Note:
Related Files :
enzymes
fungi
gene expression
Genome
Hordeum
metabolism
powdery mildew
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1126/science.1194573
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
31177
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 01:00
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Scientific Publication
Genome expansion and gene loss in powdery mildew fungi reveal tradeoffs in extreme parasitism
330
Spanu, P.D., Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
Abbott, J.C., Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
Amselem, J., Institute National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA), Unite de Recherche Genomique Info, Versailles, France, INRA, Unite BIOGER-CPP, Grignon, France
Burgis, T.A., Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
Soanes, D.M., School of Biosciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom
Stüber, K., Department of Plant Microbe Interactions, Max-Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany
Van Themaat, E.V.L., Department of Plant Microbe Interactions, Max-Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany
Brown, J.K.M., Department of Disease and Stress Biology, John Innes Centre, Norwich, United Kingdom
Butcher, S.A., Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
Gurr, S.J., Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
Lebrun, M.-H., INRA, Unite BIOGER-CPP, Grignon, France
Ridout, C.J., Department of Disease and Stress Biology, John Innes Centre, Norwich, United Kingdom
Schulze-Lefert, P., Department of Plant Microbe Interactions, Max-Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany
Talbot, N.J., School of Biosciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom
Ahmadinejad, N., Department of Plant Microbe Interactions, Max-Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany
Ametz, C., Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
Barton, G.R., Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
Benjdia, M., Department of Plant Microbe Interactions, Max-Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany
Bidzinski, P., Department of Plant Microbe Interactions, Max-Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany
Bindschedler, L.V., Department of Chemistry, University of Reading, Reading, United Kingdom
Both, M., Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
Brewer, M.T., Department of Plant Pathology and Plant-Microbe Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, United States
Cadle-Davidson, L., U.S. Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service Grape Genetics Research Unit, Geneva, NY 14853, United States, Department of Plant Pathology and Plant Microbe Biology, Cornell University, Geneva, NY 14456, United States
Cadle-Davidson, M.M., U.S. Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service Grape Genetics Research Unit, Geneva, NY 14853, United States
Collemare, J., Institute National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA), Unite de Recherche Genomique Info, Versailles, France, Wageningen University, Laboratory of Phytopathology, Wageningen, Netherlands
Cramer, R., Department of Chemistry, University of Reading, Reading, United Kingdom
Frenkel, O., Department of Plant Pathology and Plant-Microbe Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, United States
Godfrey, D., Department of Agriculture and Ecology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
Harriman, J., U.S. Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service Grape Genetics Research Unit, Geneva, NY 14853, United States
Hoede, C., Institute National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA), Unite de Recherche Genomique Info, Versailles, France
King, B.C., Department of Plant Pathology and Plant-Microbe Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, United States
Klages, S., Max-Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Berlin, Germany
Kleemann, J., Department of Plant Microbe Interactions, Max-Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany
Knoll, D., Department of Plant Microbe Interactions, Max-Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany
Koti, P.S., Department of Plant Microbe Interactions, Max-Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany
Kreplak, J., Institute National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA), Unite de Recherche Genomique Info, Versailles, France
López-Ruiz, F.J., Department of Disease and Stress Biology, John Innes Centre, Norwich, United Kingdom
Lu, X., Department of Plant Microbe Interactions, Max-Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany
Maekawa, T., Department of Plant Microbe Interactions, Max-Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany
Mahanil, S., U.S. Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service Grape Genetics Research Unit, Geneva, NY 14853, United States
Micali, C., Department of Plant Microbe Interactions, Max-Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany
Milgroom, M.G., Department of Plant Pathology and Plant-Microbe Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, United States
Montana, G., Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
Noir, S., Department of Plant Microbe Interactions, Max-Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany, Institut de Biologie Moléculaire des Plantes-CNRS, Strasbourg, France
O'Connell, R.J., Department of Plant Microbe Interactions, Max-Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany
Oberhaensli, S., Institute of Plant Biology, University of Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland
Parlange, F., Institute of Plant Biology, University of Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland
Pedersen, C., Department of Agriculture and Ecology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
Quesneville, H., Institute National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA), Unite de Recherche Genomique Info, Versailles, France
Reinhardt, R., Max-Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Berlin, Germany
Rott, M., Department of Plant Microbe Interactions, Max-Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany
Sacristán, S., Centro de Biotecnología Y Genómica de Plantas (UPM-INIA) and E.T.S.I, Agrónomos Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
Schmidt, S.M., Department of Plant Microbe Interactions, Max-Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany, Plant Pathology, Swammerdam Institute for Life Sciences, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Schön, M., Department of Plant Microbe Interactions, Max-Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany
Skamnioti, P., Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
Sommer, H., Department of Plant Microbe Interactions, Max-Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany
Stephens, A., Department of Plant Microbe Interactions, Max-Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany
Takahara, H., Department of Plant Microbe Interactions, Max-Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany
Thordal-Christensen, H., Department of Agriculture and Ecology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
Vigouroux, M., Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
Weßling, R., Department of Plant Microbe Interactions, Max-Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany
Wicker, T., Institute of Plant Biology, University of Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland
Panstruga, R., Department of Plant Microbe Interactions, Max-Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany
Genome expansion and gene loss in powdery mildew fungi reveal tradeoffs in extreme parasitism
Powdery mildews are phytopathogens whose growth and reproduction are entirely dependent on living plant cells. The molecular basis of this life-style, obligate biotrophy, remains unknown. We present the genome analysis of barley powdery mildew, Blumeria graminis f.sp. hordei (Blumeria), as well as a comparison with the analysis of two powdery mildews pathogenic on dicotyledonous plants. These genomes display massive retrotransposon proliferation, genome-size expansion, and gene losses. The missing genes encode enzymes of primary and secondary metabolism, carbohydrate-active enzymes, and transporters, probably reflecting their redundancy in an exclusively biotrophic life-style. Among the 248 candidate effectors of pathogenesis identified in the Blumeria genome, very few (less than 10) define a core set conserved in all three mildews, suggesting thatmost effectors represent species-specific adaptations.
Scientific Publication
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