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אסיף מאגר המחקר החקלאי
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Preovulatory follicle characteristics and oocyte competence in repeat breeder dairy cows
Year:
2017
Source of publication :
Journal of Dairy Science
Authors :
Dekel, Itzhak
;
.
Dube, H.
;
.
Jacoby, Shamay
;
.
Moallem, Uzi
;
.
Sood, Pankaj
;
.
Zachut, Maya
;
.
Volume :
100
Co-Authors:
Facilitators :
From page:
9372
To page:
9381
(
Total pages:
10
)
Abstract:
The varied and elusive etiology of repeat breeding (RB) in dairy cows necessitates evaluation of oocytes and follicles, which have not previously been assessed together. Accordingly, we evaluated characteristics of preovulatory follicles and the competence of oocytes in control (CTL) and RB cows. The estrous cycles of 35 cows (18 CTL and 17 RB) were synchronized using PGF2α and estrus detection. Cows with a corpus luteum were treated with PGF2α and, 14 to 15 d after a visible behavioral estrus, they were administered a second PGF2α, followed 48 h later by follicular fluid (FF) aspiration of the preovulatory follicles. Estradiol (E2)-active preovulatory follicles did not differ in diameter between the 2 groups of cows. However, FF of RB cows had higher E2 concentrations than that of CTL cows: 1,854.9 and 1,073.6 ng/mL, respectively, but similar androstenedione and progesterone concentrations. In the second part of the study, 14 consecutive ovum pick-ups (OPU) were performed in 5 CTL and 5 RB cows, at 3- to 4-d intervals. The RB and CTL cows did not differ in average numbers of follicles available per cow per session (7.1 and 7.3, respectively), oocyte recovery rates (42.2 and 44.1%, respectively), or cleavage rates (57.6 and 63.4%, respectively), but blastocyst production was markedly less in RB than in CTL cows (12.5 and 29.2%, respectively). We conclude that part of the RB cows' etiology occurs at an earlier phase of folliculogenesis, thereby impairing oocyte competence, and subsequently reducing the probability of normal fertilization, which diminish embryo vitality and development. © 2017 American Dairy Science Association.
Note:
Related Files :
Oocyte competence
Preovulatory follicle
Repeat breeder dairy cow
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More details
DOI :
10.3168/jds.2017-12973
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
31263
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 01:01
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Preovulatory follicle characteristics and oocyte competence in repeat breeder dairy cows
100
Preovulatory follicle characteristics and oocyte competence in repeat breeder dairy cows
The varied and elusive etiology of repeat breeding (RB) in dairy cows necessitates evaluation of oocytes and follicles, which have not previously been assessed together. Accordingly, we evaluated characteristics of preovulatory follicles and the competence of oocytes in control (CTL) and RB cows. The estrous cycles of 35 cows (18 CTL and 17 RB) were synchronized using PGF2α and estrus detection. Cows with a corpus luteum were treated with PGF2α and, 14 to 15 d after a visible behavioral estrus, they were administered a second PGF2α, followed 48 h later by follicular fluid (FF) aspiration of the preovulatory follicles. Estradiol (E2)-active preovulatory follicles did not differ in diameter between the 2 groups of cows. However, FF of RB cows had higher E2 concentrations than that of CTL cows: 1,854.9 and 1,073.6 ng/mL, respectively, but similar androstenedione and progesterone concentrations. In the second part of the study, 14 consecutive ovum pick-ups (OPU) were performed in 5 CTL and 5 RB cows, at 3- to 4-d intervals. The RB and CTL cows did not differ in average numbers of follicles available per cow per session (7.1 and 7.3, respectively), oocyte recovery rates (42.2 and 44.1%, respectively), or cleavage rates (57.6 and 63.4%, respectively), but blastocyst production was markedly less in RB than in CTL cows (12.5 and 29.2%, respectively). We conclude that part of the RB cows' etiology occurs at an earlier phase of folliculogenesis, thereby impairing oocyte competence, and subsequently reducing the probability of normal fertilization, which diminish embryo vitality and development. © 2017 American Dairy Science Association.
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