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The effect of temperature on the development of Hippeastrum: A phytotron study
Year:
2001
Source of publication :
Biotronics
Authors :
Dayan, Ehud
;
.
Volume :
30
Co-Authors:
Ephrath, J.E., Jacob Blaustein Inst. Desert Res., Ben-Gurion University of the Negreb, Sede Boker, Israel, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Inst. for Desert Res., Wyler Dept. of Dryland Agriculture, Sede Boker 84990, Israel
Ben-Asher, J., Jacob Blaustein Inst. Desert Res., Ben-Gurion University of the Negreb, Sede Boker, Israel, Katif Res. Ctr. Devmt. Coast. D., Neve-Dekalim, Israel
Alekparov, C., Jacob Blaustein Inst. Desert Res., Ben-Gurion University of the Negreb, Sede Boker, Israel, Katif Res. Ctr. Devmt. Coast. D., Neve-Dekalim, Israel
Silberbush, M., Jacob Blaustein Inst. Desert Res., Ben-Gurion University of the Negreb, Sede Boker, Israel
Wolf, S., Dept. of Fld. Crops/Veg./Genetics, Faculty of Agriculture, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel
Dayan, E.
Facilitators :
From page:
51
To page:
62
(
Total pages:
12
)
Abstract:
Hippeastrum flowers in the spring, but the exact flowering time can be controlled by applying specific thermal regime to large sized bulbs. To control the flowering time, and improve quality and size of Hippeastrum (Hippeastrum hybridum, cv. Red Lion) bulbs, the effect of temperature regime was investigated. The objectives of this research were to study the effect of ambient temperature on the growth rate of bulbs, the effect of soil temperature on the growth rate of bulbs and the susceptibility of several bulbs' sizes to various thermal regimes. Two sets of experiments were conducted : A phytotron experiment with six day/night temperature combinations and a controlled greenhouse experiment in which five levels of minimum soil temperature treatments were imposed. Temperature had a strong effect on bulb and leaf development. Temperatures of 27°C were optimal for leaf area development while temperatures of 22°C were optimal for bulb development. Different patterns of bulb growth rate were found when bulbs of different initial sizes had grown under the same minimum growing temperature (22°C) : The small bulbs (initial diameter of 5.4 cm) had grown about two cm throughout the season (180 growing days) while the large bulbs (initial diameter of 7.9 cm) had grown less the one cm. The growth rate of the other three initial bulb size categories (6.1, 6.7 and 7.3 cm) varied between these two rates. A high linear temperature dependent correlation was found between leaf area and bulb size. The distribution of the fresh matter among the roots, leaves and bulbs was also found to be temperature dependent.
Note:
Related Files :
Bulb size
geophyte
growth rate
Hippeastrum
horticulture
Leaf area
Panthera leo
partitioning
temperature
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
31377
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 01:02
Scientific Publication
The effect of temperature on the development of Hippeastrum: A phytotron study
30
Ephrath, J.E., Jacob Blaustein Inst. Desert Res., Ben-Gurion University of the Negreb, Sede Boker, Israel, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Inst. for Desert Res., Wyler Dept. of Dryland Agriculture, Sede Boker 84990, Israel
Ben-Asher, J., Jacob Blaustein Inst. Desert Res., Ben-Gurion University of the Negreb, Sede Boker, Israel, Katif Res. Ctr. Devmt. Coast. D., Neve-Dekalim, Israel
Alekparov, C., Jacob Blaustein Inst. Desert Res., Ben-Gurion University of the Negreb, Sede Boker, Israel, Katif Res. Ctr. Devmt. Coast. D., Neve-Dekalim, Israel
Silberbush, M., Jacob Blaustein Inst. Desert Res., Ben-Gurion University of the Negreb, Sede Boker, Israel
Wolf, S., Dept. of Fld. Crops/Veg./Genetics, Faculty of Agriculture, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel
Dayan, E.
The effect of temperature on the development of Hippeastrum: A phytotron study
Hippeastrum flowers in the spring, but the exact flowering time can be controlled by applying specific thermal regime to large sized bulbs. To control the flowering time, and improve quality and size of Hippeastrum (Hippeastrum hybridum, cv. Red Lion) bulbs, the effect of temperature regime was investigated. The objectives of this research were to study the effect of ambient temperature on the growth rate of bulbs, the effect of soil temperature on the growth rate of bulbs and the susceptibility of several bulbs' sizes to various thermal regimes. Two sets of experiments were conducted : A phytotron experiment with six day/night temperature combinations and a controlled greenhouse experiment in which five levels of minimum soil temperature treatments were imposed. Temperature had a strong effect on bulb and leaf development. Temperatures of 27°C were optimal for leaf area development while temperatures of 22°C were optimal for bulb development. Different patterns of bulb growth rate were found when bulbs of different initial sizes had grown under the same minimum growing temperature (22°C) : The small bulbs (initial diameter of 5.4 cm) had grown about two cm throughout the season (180 growing days) while the large bulbs (initial diameter of 7.9 cm) had grown less the one cm. The growth rate of the other three initial bulb size categories (6.1, 6.7 and 7.3 cm) varied between these two rates. A high linear temperature dependent correlation was found between leaf area and bulb size. The distribution of the fresh matter among the roots, leaves and bulbs was also found to be temperature dependent.
Scientific Publication
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