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Differences in the elicitation of soluble and ionic bound enzymes in tomato leaves using chitin derivatives
Year:
2002
Source of publication :
Israel Journal of Plant Sciences
Authors :
Ben-Shalom, Noach
;
.
Pinto, Rivka
;
.
Volume :
50
Co-Authors:
Ben-Shalom, N., Department of Food Science, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Kudabeava, N., Inst. of Molec. Biol. and Biochem., Kazakh Academy of Sciences, 86 Michurin St., Alma-Ata 480012, Kazakhstan
Pinto, R., Department of Food Science, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
259
To page:
263
(
Total pages:
5
)
Abstract:
The ability of chitin or chitosan oligomers and chitosan polymers with 5 or 30% degree of acetylation (DA) to induce hydrolytic enzymes in tomato plant leaves was examined. Changes in the activities of the ionic bound and the soluble forms of chitosanase, chitinase, and β-1,3-glucanase were determined during a 7-day period after the leaves of the plants were sprayed with the chitin and chitosan compounds. Chitosan oligomers were unable to induce any of the enzymes, while chitin oligomers were an effective inducer. The activities of the ionic bound forms of the above three enzymes were increased significantly by chitin oligomers and chitosan polymer, whereas those of the soluble forms hardly changed. In light of the finding that chitosan oligomers with low levels of acetylation were non-elicitors while chitin oligomers with 95% acetylation were effective elicitors, it is suggested that the elicitation activity of the oligomers is determined by the DA. In addition, since the chitosan polymer acted as an elicitor and the chitosan oligomer did not, it appears that molecular weight is also a major factor determining elicitation. In chitosan polymers, 30% DA was a better inducer than the 5% DA, indicating that polymer induction is affected by both molecular weight and DA.
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More details
DOI :
10.1560/P5EK-XF1C-HLMQ-JXWM
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
31395
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 01:02
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Differences in the elicitation of soluble and ionic bound enzymes in tomato leaves using chitin derivatives
50
Ben-Shalom, N., Department of Food Science, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Kudabeava, N., Inst. of Molec. Biol. and Biochem., Kazakh Academy of Sciences, 86 Michurin St., Alma-Ata 480012, Kazakhstan
Pinto, R., Department of Food Science, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Differences in the elicitation of soluble and ionic bound enzymes in tomato leaves using chitin derivatives
The ability of chitin or chitosan oligomers and chitosan polymers with 5 or 30% degree of acetylation (DA) to induce hydrolytic enzymes in tomato plant leaves was examined. Changes in the activities of the ionic bound and the soluble forms of chitosanase, chitinase, and β-1,3-glucanase were determined during a 7-day period after the leaves of the plants were sprayed with the chitin and chitosan compounds. Chitosan oligomers were unable to induce any of the enzymes, while chitin oligomers were an effective inducer. The activities of the ionic bound forms of the above three enzymes were increased significantly by chitin oligomers and chitosan polymer, whereas those of the soluble forms hardly changed. In light of the finding that chitosan oligomers with low levels of acetylation were non-elicitors while chitin oligomers with 95% acetylation were effective elicitors, it is suggested that the elicitation activity of the oligomers is determined by the DA. In addition, since the chitosan polymer acted as an elicitor and the chitosan oligomer did not, it appears that molecular weight is also a major factor determining elicitation. In chitosan polymers, 30% DA was a better inducer than the 5% DA, indicating that polymer induction is affected by both molecular weight and DA.
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