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Insecticidal activity of a cry1a(c) transgene in callus derived from regeneration-recalcitrant cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)
Year:
2002
Authors :
Cohen, Yafit
;
.
Gafni, Yedidya
;
.
Levski, Shlomit
;
.
Navon, Amos
;
.
Perea Diaz, Josefina
;
.
Steinitz, Benjamin
;
.
Tabib, Yona
;
.
Volume :
38
Co-Authors:
Steinitz, B., Department of Plant Genetics, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Gafni, Y., Department of Plant Genetics, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Cohen, Y., Department of Plant Genetics, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Perea Diaz, J., Department of Plant Genetics, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Tabib, Y., Department of Plant Genetics, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Levski, S., Department of Entomology, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Navon, A., Department of Entomology, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
247
To page:
251
(
Total pages:
5
)
Abstract:
The insecticidal effectiveness of a δ-endotoxin Cry protein from Bacillus thuringiensis in non-regenerable callus of a commercial Gossypium hirsutum L. variety was investigated. Two transgenic callus types were generated. The first callus type harbored the cry1A(c) gene and the hygromycin B phosphotransferase hpt selectable marker gene. The second callus type, the transgenie control, carried the marker genes β-glucuronidase (GUS) and hpt. Growth and survival rates of three major cotton moth species, Pectinophora gossypiella, Helicoverpa armigera, and Spodoptera littoralis, were examined with aseptic neonates reared on callus. Normal larval development occurred in all species supplied with non-transgenic callus, but insects died, or their growth was severely restricted, when reared on transgenic callus harvested from hygromycin B-supplemented medium. Development of larvae on transgenic control and on non-transgenic callus became very much alike after the transgenic control tissue had been subcultured on a hygromycin B-free medium for about 100 d prior to the insect-callus bioassay. Accordingly, for detection of Bt toxin activity without the interference of the influence of hygromycin B on insects, cry1A(c) callus was infested with insects after it had been propagated for more than 100 d on a medium free of the antibiotic. Under these experimental conditions all P. gossypiella and H. armigera, and most S. littoralis neonates died, and the growth (e.g., weight increment) of S. littoralis survivors was markedly impeded by cry1A(c) callus. Three new findings emerge from this study: first, P. gossypiella, a pest feeding in the field on bolls only, can be grown in vitro on cotton callus; second, in a host which is recalcitrant in terms of plant regeneration, the biological potency of an insect-detrimental transgene can nevertheless be evaluated by generating a transgenic host callus and conducting in vitro transgenic callus-insect assays; and third, our results suggest that hygromycin B is toxic to lepidopteran larvae.
Note:
Related Files :
Gossypium
Helicoverpa armigera
Hygromycin B
Insecta
Lepidoptera
Mythimna unipuncta
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DOI :
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
31418
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 01:02
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Scientific Publication
Insecticidal activity of a cry1a(c) transgene in callus derived from regeneration-recalcitrant cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)
38
Steinitz, B., Department of Plant Genetics, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Gafni, Y., Department of Plant Genetics, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Cohen, Y., Department of Plant Genetics, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Perea Diaz, J., Department of Plant Genetics, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Tabib, Y., Department of Plant Genetics, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Levski, S., Department of Entomology, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Navon, A., Department of Entomology, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Insecticidal activity of a cry1a(c) transgene in callus derived from regeneration-recalcitrant cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)
The insecticidal effectiveness of a δ-endotoxin Cry protein from Bacillus thuringiensis in non-regenerable callus of a commercial Gossypium hirsutum L. variety was investigated. Two transgenic callus types were generated. The first callus type harbored the cry1A(c) gene and the hygromycin B phosphotransferase hpt selectable marker gene. The second callus type, the transgenie control, carried the marker genes β-glucuronidase (GUS) and hpt. Growth and survival rates of three major cotton moth species, Pectinophora gossypiella, Helicoverpa armigera, and Spodoptera littoralis, were examined with aseptic neonates reared on callus. Normal larval development occurred in all species supplied with non-transgenic callus, but insects died, or their growth was severely restricted, when reared on transgenic callus harvested from hygromycin B-supplemented medium. Development of larvae on transgenic control and on non-transgenic callus became very much alike after the transgenic control tissue had been subcultured on a hygromycin B-free medium for about 100 d prior to the insect-callus bioassay. Accordingly, for detection of Bt toxin activity without the interference of the influence of hygromycin B on insects, cry1A(c) callus was infested with insects after it had been propagated for more than 100 d on a medium free of the antibiotic. Under these experimental conditions all P. gossypiella and H. armigera, and most S. littoralis neonates died, and the growth (e.g., weight increment) of S. littoralis survivors was markedly impeded by cry1A(c) callus. Three new findings emerge from this study: first, P. gossypiella, a pest feeding in the field on bolls only, can be grown in vitro on cotton callus; second, in a host which is recalcitrant in terms of plant regeneration, the biological potency of an insect-detrimental transgene can nevertheless be evaluated by generating a transgenic host callus and conducting in vitro transgenic callus-insect assays; and third, our results suggest that hygromycin B is toxic to lepidopteran larvae.
Scientific Publication
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