נגישות
menu      
Advanced Search
Syntax
Search...
Volcani treasures
About
Terms of use
Manage
Community:
אסיף מאגר המחקר החקלאי
Powered by ClearMash Solutions Ltd -
Implications of tall fescue for inter-row water dynamics in a vineyard
Year:
2014
Source of publication :
Agronomy Journal
Authors :
Ben-Gal, Alon
;
.
Volume :
106
Co-Authors:
Holland, S., NC State Univ., Soil Science Dep., Raleigh, NC 27695, United States
Howard, A., NC State Univ., Soil Science Dep., Raleigh, NC 27695, United States
Heitman, J.L., NC State Univ., Soil Science Dep., Raleigh, NC 27695, United States
Sauer, T.J., NC State Univ., Soil Science Dep., Raleigh, NC 27695, United States, USDA-ARS National Lab. for Agriculture and Environment, Ames, IA 50011, United States
Giese, W., Shelton Vineyards, Dobson, NC 27017, United States
Sutton, T.B., NC State Univ. Plant Pathology Dep., Raleigh, NC 27695, United States
Agam, N., French Associates Institute for Agriculture and Biotechnology of Drylands, Jacob Blaustein Institute for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion Univ. of the Negev, Sede Boqer Campus, 84990, Israel
Ben-Gal, A., ARO Gilat Research Center, Mobile post Negev 85280, Israel
Havlin, J., NC State Univ., Soil Science Dep., Raleigh, NC 27695, United States
Facilitators :
From page:
1267
To page:
1274
(
Total pages:
8
)
Abstract:
Vineyards in the southeastern United States face challenges including poor internal soil drainage, high precipitation, and warm temperatures. This environment causes elevated humidity, creating ideal conditions for fungal diseases. Maintaining tall fescue (Schedonorus arundinaceus Shreb) and resident vegetation ground cover in vineyard inter-rows is a common cultural practice in the region, believed to benefit grape (Vitis vinifera L.) production by increasing competition for soil water and thereby favorably reducing vine vegetative growth. We hypothesized that, although inter-row fescue may reduce soil water availability, it may also increase humidity within the vineyard. Our objectives were to assess surface vapor flux from two inter-row treatments (bare soil and tall fescue) and to determine any corresponding effects on soil water content and humidity within the inter-row. Surface vapor flux, soil water content, and vapor pressure (30 cm height aboveground) were measured in inter-rows subjected to each treatment. Observed surface vapor flux for fescue inter-row exceeded that of bare soil by a daily average of 1.1 mm during the grape growing season. Despite fescue inter-row evapotranspiration (ET), soil water depletion was insufficient to produce stress in the vines. Fescue inter-row vapor pressure increased compared to bare soil inter-rows by an average of 2% (P < 0.09) during the growing season. Data suggest that fescue ET may increase inter-row humidity in warm, humid environments, while providing only modest influence on soil water availability. Additional work including increased plot size to accommodate fetch for microclimate measurements, and biological assessment of humidity implications for disease is warranted. © 2014 by the American Society of Agronomy.
Note:
Related Files :
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.2134/agronj13.0488
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
31420
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 01:02
Scientific Publication
Implications of tall fescue for inter-row water dynamics in a vineyard
106
Holland, S., NC State Univ., Soil Science Dep., Raleigh, NC 27695, United States
Howard, A., NC State Univ., Soil Science Dep., Raleigh, NC 27695, United States
Heitman, J.L., NC State Univ., Soil Science Dep., Raleigh, NC 27695, United States
Sauer, T.J., NC State Univ., Soil Science Dep., Raleigh, NC 27695, United States, USDA-ARS National Lab. for Agriculture and Environment, Ames, IA 50011, United States
Giese, W., Shelton Vineyards, Dobson, NC 27017, United States
Sutton, T.B., NC State Univ. Plant Pathology Dep., Raleigh, NC 27695, United States
Agam, N., French Associates Institute for Agriculture and Biotechnology of Drylands, Jacob Blaustein Institute for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion Univ. of the Negev, Sede Boqer Campus, 84990, Israel
Ben-Gal, A., ARO Gilat Research Center, Mobile post Negev 85280, Israel
Havlin, J., NC State Univ., Soil Science Dep., Raleigh, NC 27695, United States
Implications of tall fescue for inter-row water dynamics in a vineyard
Vineyards in the southeastern United States face challenges including poor internal soil drainage, high precipitation, and warm temperatures. This environment causes elevated humidity, creating ideal conditions for fungal diseases. Maintaining tall fescue (Schedonorus arundinaceus Shreb) and resident vegetation ground cover in vineyard inter-rows is a common cultural practice in the region, believed to benefit grape (Vitis vinifera L.) production by increasing competition for soil water and thereby favorably reducing vine vegetative growth. We hypothesized that, although inter-row fescue may reduce soil water availability, it may also increase humidity within the vineyard. Our objectives were to assess surface vapor flux from two inter-row treatments (bare soil and tall fescue) and to determine any corresponding effects on soil water content and humidity within the inter-row. Surface vapor flux, soil water content, and vapor pressure (30 cm height aboveground) were measured in inter-rows subjected to each treatment. Observed surface vapor flux for fescue inter-row exceeded that of bare soil by a daily average of 1.1 mm during the grape growing season. Despite fescue inter-row evapotranspiration (ET), soil water depletion was insufficient to produce stress in the vines. Fescue inter-row vapor pressure increased compared to bare soil inter-rows by an average of 2% (P < 0.09) during the growing season. Data suggest that fescue ET may increase inter-row humidity in warm, humid environments, while providing only modest influence on soil water availability. Additional work including increased plot size to accommodate fetch for microclimate measurements, and biological assessment of humidity implications for disease is warranted. © 2014 by the American Society of Agronomy.
Scientific Publication
You may also be interested in