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Effect of acidic solutions and acidic prochloraz on the control of postharvest decay caused by Alternaria alternata in mango and persimmon fruit
Year:
2006
Source of publication :
Postharvest Biology and Technology
Authors :
Akerman, Miriam
;
.
Kobiler, Ilana
;
.
Miyara, Itay
;
.
Prusky, Dov
;
.
Volume :
42
Co-Authors:
Prusky, D., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Agricultural Research Organization, the Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Kobiler, I., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Agricultural Research Organization, the Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Akerman, M., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Agricultural Research Organization, the Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Miyara, I., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Agricultural Research Organization, the Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
134
To page:
141
(
Total pages:
8
)
Abstract:
The effectiveness of treatments with hydrochloric acid (HCl), alone or in combination with prochloraz, in controlling quiescent infections of Alternaria alternata that cause alternaria rot in mango and persimmon fruit during storage, were compared. Spore germination and germ-tube elongation of A. alternata in vitro were inhibited by 95 and 65%, respectively, by exposure to 1.25 mM HCl, and fungal germination was completely inhibited by 2.50 mM HCl. Application of a combination of hot water spraying and brushing (HWB) for 15-20 s, followed by spraying with 50 mM HCl effectively controlled alternaria rot in stored mango fruit. Similar HWB treatments followed by spraying with increasing concentrations of prochloraz at 45 to 900 μg ml-1 in 50 mM HCl, were as effective as treatment with the acid alone, in preventing alternaria rot development. Also in persimmon fruit, dip treatment with 50 mM HCl reduced alternaria rot. However, acidified solutions containing 45 μg ml-1 prochloraz inhibited alternaria rot development better than treatment with HCl alone. The enhanced prochloraz activity in acidified solutions was attributed to its enhanced solubility, which resulted in an increase in the fungicide active ingredient in the solution. Present data suggest that the combination of acid solutions, alone or in the presence of reduced prochloraz concentrations, provide a simple treatment for the control of postharvest diseases that alkalinize the host environment. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Note:
Related Files :
Alternaria
Diospyros virginiana
Host alkalinization
Mangifera indica
Quiescent infections
Soluble prochloraz
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1016/j.postharvbio.2006.06.001
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
32351
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 01:09
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Scientific Publication
Effect of acidic solutions and acidic prochloraz on the control of postharvest decay caused by Alternaria alternata in mango and persimmon fruit
42
Prusky, D., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Agricultural Research Organization, the Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Kobiler, I., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Agricultural Research Organization, the Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Akerman, M., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Agricultural Research Organization, the Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Miyara, I., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Agricultural Research Organization, the Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Effect of acidic solutions and acidic prochloraz on the control of postharvest decay caused by Alternaria alternata in mango and persimmon fruit
The effectiveness of treatments with hydrochloric acid (HCl), alone or in combination with prochloraz, in controlling quiescent infections of Alternaria alternata that cause alternaria rot in mango and persimmon fruit during storage, were compared. Spore germination and germ-tube elongation of A. alternata in vitro were inhibited by 95 and 65%, respectively, by exposure to 1.25 mM HCl, and fungal germination was completely inhibited by 2.50 mM HCl. Application of a combination of hot water spraying and brushing (HWB) for 15-20 s, followed by spraying with 50 mM HCl effectively controlled alternaria rot in stored mango fruit. Similar HWB treatments followed by spraying with increasing concentrations of prochloraz at 45 to 900 μg ml-1 in 50 mM HCl, were as effective as treatment with the acid alone, in preventing alternaria rot development. Also in persimmon fruit, dip treatment with 50 mM HCl reduced alternaria rot. However, acidified solutions containing 45 μg ml-1 prochloraz inhibited alternaria rot development better than treatment with HCl alone. The enhanced prochloraz activity in acidified solutions was attributed to its enhanced solubility, which resulted in an increase in the fungicide active ingredient in the solution. Present data suggest that the combination of acid solutions, alone or in the presence of reduced prochloraz concentrations, provide a simple treatment for the control of postharvest diseases that alkalinize the host environment. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Scientific Publication
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