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Membrane disruption and enzyme inhibition by naturally-occurring and modified chacotriose-containing Solanum steroidal glycoalkaloids
Year:
2001
Source of publication :
Phytochemistry
Authors :
Weissenberg, Martin
;
.
Volume :
56
Co-Authors:
Roddick, J.G., School of Biological Sciences, University of Exeter, Washington Singer Laboratories, Exeter EX4 4QG, United Kingdom
Weissenberg, M., Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Ctr., Lab. of Nat. Prod. Chem., Department of Plant Genetics, PO Box 6, Bet-Dagan 50250, Israel
Leonard, A.L., School of Biological Sciences, University of Exeter, Washington Singer Laboratories, Exeter EX4 4QG, United Kingdom
Facilitators :
From page:
603
To page:
610
(
Total pages:
8
)
Abstract:
Naturally-occurring 3β-O-chacotriosides of solasodine (solamargine), of its 22S, 25S isomer tomatidenol (β-solamarine), and of solanidine (chaconine), as well as ring E- and F-modified derivatives of solamargine were prepared and assayed in order to assess the relevance of aglycone structural features to membrane-disruption and enzyme-inhibitory activities of the related glycoalkaloids. A ring E-opened dihydro-derivative of solasodine (the chacotrioside of dihydrosolasodine A) did not bind to cholesterol, stigmasterol or ergosterol in vitro, disrupt PC cholesterol liposomes or mammalian erythrocytes, or inhibit acetylcholinesterase in vitro. It did not synergise with the solatrioside of dihydrosolasodine A or solasonine (nor did solamargine with dihydrosolasodine A solatrioside) in haemolysis tests. The ring F modified derivative. N-nitrososolamargine, did not inhibit acetylcholinesterase in vitro, but lysed liposomes at ≥ 150 μM and pH 7. Increasing the pH to 8 (but not 9) further enhanced disruption. The combination of N-nitrososolamargine and solasonine did not cause any disruption of liposomes. β-Solamarine showed no anti-acetylcholinesterase activity in vitro at up to 100 μM, but disrupted liposomes at 75 and 150 μM, although not to the extent caused by solamargine or chaconine. In combination with both the (inactive) solatriosides, solasonine and solanine, 75 μM β-solamarine produced synergistic effects, with liposome disruption greater than 150 μM β-solamarine alone. β-Solamarine, solamargine and chaconine showed similar haemolytic activity. β-Solamarine synergised with the solatriosides solasonine and solanine in disrupting erythrocytes. Preliminary structure-activity relationships were evaluated for the active chacotriosides in an attempt to define the scope and limitations of this model study. © 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd.
Note:
Related Files :
Acetylcholinesterase
Animal
Animals
Mammalia
Molecular structure
Solanaceae
Solanum
β-Solamarine
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1016/S0031-9422(00)00420-9
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
32385
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 01:09
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Scientific Publication
Membrane disruption and enzyme inhibition by naturally-occurring and modified chacotriose-containing Solanum steroidal glycoalkaloids
56
Roddick, J.G., School of Biological Sciences, University of Exeter, Washington Singer Laboratories, Exeter EX4 4QG, United Kingdom
Weissenberg, M., Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Ctr., Lab. of Nat. Prod. Chem., Department of Plant Genetics, PO Box 6, Bet-Dagan 50250, Israel
Leonard, A.L., School of Biological Sciences, University of Exeter, Washington Singer Laboratories, Exeter EX4 4QG, United Kingdom
Membrane disruption and enzyme inhibition by naturally-occurring and modified chacotriose-containing Solanum steroidal glycoalkaloids
Naturally-occurring 3β-O-chacotriosides of solasodine (solamargine), of its 22S, 25S isomer tomatidenol (β-solamarine), and of solanidine (chaconine), as well as ring E- and F-modified derivatives of solamargine were prepared and assayed in order to assess the relevance of aglycone structural features to membrane-disruption and enzyme-inhibitory activities of the related glycoalkaloids. A ring E-opened dihydro-derivative of solasodine (the chacotrioside of dihydrosolasodine A) did not bind to cholesterol, stigmasterol or ergosterol in vitro, disrupt PC cholesterol liposomes or mammalian erythrocytes, or inhibit acetylcholinesterase in vitro. It did not synergise with the solatrioside of dihydrosolasodine A or solasonine (nor did solamargine with dihydrosolasodine A solatrioside) in haemolysis tests. The ring F modified derivative. N-nitrososolamargine, did not inhibit acetylcholinesterase in vitro, but lysed liposomes at ≥ 150 μM and pH 7. Increasing the pH to 8 (but not 9) further enhanced disruption. The combination of N-nitrososolamargine and solasonine did not cause any disruption of liposomes. β-Solamarine showed no anti-acetylcholinesterase activity in vitro at up to 100 μM, but disrupted liposomes at 75 and 150 μM, although not to the extent caused by solamargine or chaconine. In combination with both the (inactive) solatriosides, solasonine and solanine, 75 μM β-solamarine produced synergistic effects, with liposome disruption greater than 150 μM β-solamarine alone. β-Solamarine, solamargine and chaconine showed similar haemolytic activity. β-Solamarine synergised with the solatriosides solasonine and solanine in disrupting erythrocytes. Preliminary structure-activity relationships were evaluated for the active chacotriosides in an attempt to define the scope and limitations of this model study. © 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd.
Scientific Publication
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