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Control of Orobanche crenata and Orobanche aegyptiaca in parsley
Year:
2003
Source of publication :
Crop Protection
Authors :
Eizenberg, Hanan
;
.
Golan, Shmuel
;
.
Goldwasser, Yaacov
;
.
Kleifeld, Yeshaiahu
;
.
Volume :
22
Co-Authors:
Goldwasser, Y., Department of Weed Research, A.R.O., Newe Ya'ar Research Center, P.O. Box 1021, Ramat Yishay 30095, Israel, Gesher Haziv, Western Galilee 22815, Israel
Eizenberg, H., Department of Weed Research, A.R.O., Newe Ya'ar Research Center, P.O. Box 1021, Ramat Yishay 30095, Israel
Golan, S., Department of Weed Research, A.R.O., Newe Ya'ar Research Center, P.O. Box 1021, Ramat Yishay 30095, Israel
Kleifeld, Y., Department of Weed Research, A.R.O., Newe Ya'ar Research Center, P.O. Box 1021, Ramat Yishay 30095, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
295
To page:
305
(
Total pages:
11
)
Abstract:
Parsley (Petroselinum crispum) is a host of the angiosperm root holoparasites Orobanche crenata and Orobanche aegyptiaca in the Mediterranean region and suffers heavy yield and quality losses. Eight field studies were performed to test the efficacy and selectivity of herbicides on Orobanche control in parsley. Initial experiments showed that the amino acid inhibiting herbicides imazapic and glyphosate did not affect the parsley crop and provided excellent Orobanche control. The efficacy of these herbicides was further tested by single and split post-emergence application at different geographical locations, in spring-summer (warm) and fall-winter (cold) growing seasons and on different Orobanche species. Finally the efficiency of tank mix and alternating application of these herbicides was studied. O. crenata and O. aegyptiaca were completely controlled by split foliar application of imazapic at 2.5-5.0 g/ha or glyphosate 36-72 g/ha, applied on 5-7 leaf parsley before the first cutting and on the young new growth after each cutting. At the low rates herbicides were parsley-safe, but higher rates caused slight crop damage. Split applications of low rates of the two herbicides as a tank mixture were safe to parsley and achieved effective Orobanche control. Herbicide mixtures and alternating applications are important in inhibiting or delaying the development of herbicide-resistance in weeds including parasitic plants. The findings of this study propose efficient, selective, low cost and easy to apply herbicides for control of Orobanche in parsley. © 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
Note:
Related Files :
imazapic
Mediterranean Region
Orobanche
Orobanche crenata
parasitic plant
Parasitic plants
Petroselinum crispum
weed control
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1016/S0261-2194(02)00152-7
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
32762
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 01:12
Scientific Publication
Control of Orobanche crenata and Orobanche aegyptiaca in parsley
22
Goldwasser, Y., Department of Weed Research, A.R.O., Newe Ya'ar Research Center, P.O. Box 1021, Ramat Yishay 30095, Israel, Gesher Haziv, Western Galilee 22815, Israel
Eizenberg, H., Department of Weed Research, A.R.O., Newe Ya'ar Research Center, P.O. Box 1021, Ramat Yishay 30095, Israel
Golan, S., Department of Weed Research, A.R.O., Newe Ya'ar Research Center, P.O. Box 1021, Ramat Yishay 30095, Israel
Kleifeld, Y., Department of Weed Research, A.R.O., Newe Ya'ar Research Center, P.O. Box 1021, Ramat Yishay 30095, Israel
Control of Orobanche crenata and Orobanche aegyptiaca in parsley
Parsley (Petroselinum crispum) is a host of the angiosperm root holoparasites Orobanche crenata and Orobanche aegyptiaca in the Mediterranean region and suffers heavy yield and quality losses. Eight field studies were performed to test the efficacy and selectivity of herbicides on Orobanche control in parsley. Initial experiments showed that the amino acid inhibiting herbicides imazapic and glyphosate did not affect the parsley crop and provided excellent Orobanche control. The efficacy of these herbicides was further tested by single and split post-emergence application at different geographical locations, in spring-summer (warm) and fall-winter (cold) growing seasons and on different Orobanche species. Finally the efficiency of tank mix and alternating application of these herbicides was studied. O. crenata and O. aegyptiaca were completely controlled by split foliar application of imazapic at 2.5-5.0 g/ha or glyphosate 36-72 g/ha, applied on 5-7 leaf parsley before the first cutting and on the young new growth after each cutting. At the low rates herbicides were parsley-safe, but higher rates caused slight crop damage. Split applications of low rates of the two herbicides as a tank mixture were safe to parsley and achieved effective Orobanche control. Herbicide mixtures and alternating applications are important in inhibiting or delaying the development of herbicide-resistance in weeds including parasitic plants. The findings of this study propose efficient, selective, low cost and easy to apply herbicides for control of Orobanche in parsley. © 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
Scientific Publication
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