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Geophyte cultivation in changing climate: Environmental effects on development and production
Year:
2019
Source of publication :
Acta Horticulturae
Authors :
Kamenetsky, Rina
;
.
Volume :
1237
Co-Authors:
Facilitators :
From page:
277
To page:
285
(
Total pages:
9
)
Abstract:

The commercial production of ornamental geophytes prevails in the regions with a moderate climate. However, in recent decades, globalization and increased market competition have led to the development of new production centers in the Southern Hemisphere, Mediterranean areas, Africa and Asia. At the same time, climate change in the countries with temperate climates poses new challenges in the production of perennial plants, and, especially, of geophytes. Since the annual cycle of geophytes is tightly regulated by environmental signals, deviations in temperature regime, drought or flooding certainly affect bulb and flower production. Heat stress and reduced water availability result in a shorter growing season and have a negative impact on plant growth and development. Moreover, climate change increases the spread of pathogens and the evolution of new strains of insect pests and fungal, bacterial and virus diseases. These new challenges require climate-smart crop interplay, which is location-specific and knowledge-demanding. This paper assesses the impacts of climate change on geophyte production and possible ways for research, development and management practices. © 2019 International Society for Horticultural Science.

Note:
Related Files :
dormancy
drought
flooding
flowering
heat stress
Reduced water availability
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.17660/ActaHortic.2019.1237.36
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
41903
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
26/06/2019 11:01
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Scientific Publication
Geophyte cultivation in changing climate: Environmental effects on development and production
1237
Geophyte cultivation in changing climate: Environmental effects on development and production

The commercial production of ornamental geophytes prevails in the regions with a moderate climate. However, in recent decades, globalization and increased market competition have led to the development of new production centers in the Southern Hemisphere, Mediterranean areas, Africa and Asia. At the same time, climate change in the countries with temperate climates poses new challenges in the production of perennial plants, and, especially, of geophytes. Since the annual cycle of geophytes is tightly regulated by environmental signals, deviations in temperature regime, drought or flooding certainly affect bulb and flower production. Heat stress and reduced water availability result in a shorter growing season and have a negative impact on plant growth and development. Moreover, climate change increases the spread of pathogens and the evolution of new strains of insect pests and fungal, bacterial and virus diseases. These new challenges require climate-smart crop interplay, which is location-specific and knowledge-demanding. This paper assesses the impacts of climate change on geophyte production and possible ways for research, development and management practices. © 2019 International Society for Horticultural Science.

Scientific Publication
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