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Sperling, R., Department of Instrumental Analytic, Bilacon GMbH, Berlin, 13088, Germany; Barel, S., Kimron Veterinary Institute, Department of Toxicology, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel;

Beehive products are considered sentinels for environmental pollutants. The presence of trace elements and pesticides in honey and beeswax may pose a health hazard to consumers. The study's aim was to determine the profile of pesticides and trace elements in Israeli honey and beeswax samples in relation to human risk assessment. At least two pesticides contaminated the honey and beeswax samples simultaneously, in which, amitraz metabolites and coumaphos were frequently detected. The neonicotinoid insecticides and 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, were found only in honey samples, whereas the more lipophilic pesticides were predominantly found in beeswax. In honey, chromium displayed the highest mean concentration, followed by zinc, whereas lead and molybdene occurred only in beeswax. Our findings indicate that the daily consumption of honey and beeswax together may compromise children's health. Sucrose-syrup fed honey could not be distinguished from floral honey based on sugar profile, rather by its trace elements levels. © 2019 Elsevier Ltd

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Pesticide and trace element residues in honey and beeswax combs from Israel in association with human risk assessment and honey adulteration
299

Sperling, R., Department of Instrumental Analytic, Bilacon GMbH, Berlin, 13088, Germany; Barel, S., Kimron Veterinary Institute, Department of Toxicology, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel;

Pesticide and trace element residues in honey and beeswax combs from Israel in association with human risk assessment and honey adulteration

Beehive products are considered sentinels for environmental pollutants. The presence of trace elements and pesticides in honey and beeswax may pose a health hazard to consumers. The study's aim was to determine the profile of pesticides and trace elements in Israeli honey and beeswax samples in relation to human risk assessment. At least two pesticides contaminated the honey and beeswax samples simultaneously, in which, amitraz metabolites and coumaphos were frequently detected. The neonicotinoid insecticides and 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, were found only in honey samples, whereas the more lipophilic pesticides were predominantly found in beeswax. In honey, chromium displayed the highest mean concentration, followed by zinc, whereas lead and molybdene occurred only in beeswax. Our findings indicate that the daily consumption of honey and beeswax together may compromise children's health. Sucrose-syrup fed honey could not be distinguished from floral honey based on sugar profile, rather by its trace elements levels. © 2019 Elsevier Ltd

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