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Arthropod-Plant Interactions

Sobol, I.; Ghanim, Miriam; Czosnek, H. - Institute of Plant Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel

We have previously shown that the monopartite Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV), a begomovirus (family Geminiviridae, genus Begomovirus) infecting tomato plants can be transmitted in a gender-dependent manner among its insect vector the whitefly Bemisia tabaci type B (Gennaduis) (Aleyrodidae: Hemiptera) during mating. Viruliferous females were able to transmit the virus to non-viruliferous males and vice versa, in the absence of any other virus source. The recipient insects were able to infect tomato plants. In this communication, we present evidence that two bipartite begomoviruses infecting cucurbits, Squash leaf curl virus (SLCV) and Watermelon chlorotic stunt virus (WmCSV) can be transmitted in a gender-dependent manner among whiteflies. In addition we show that TYLCV can be transmitted during mating among individuals from the same biotype (from B-males to B-females and vice versa; and from Q-males to Q-females and vice versa). However, viruliferous males of the B biotype are unable to transmit the virus to females of the Q biotype (and vice versa); similarly, viruliferous males of the Q biotype are unable to transmit the virus to females of the B biotype (and vice versa). These findings support the hypothesis that a pre-zygotic mating barrier between the Q and B biotypes is the cause for the absence of gene flow between the two biotypes, and that virus transmission can be used as a marker for inter-biotype mating. To be transmitted during mating, the virus needs to be present in the haemolymph of the donor insect. Abutilon mosaic virus (AbMV), a bipartite begomovirus that can be ingested but not transmitted by B. tabaci, is absent in the whitefly haemolymph, and cannot be transmitted during mating. Mating was a precondition for horizontal virus transfer from male to female, or female to male. Virus was not transmitted when viruliferous B. tabaci were caged with the non-vector non-viruliferous whitefly Trialeurodes vaporariorum (Westwood) (Aleyrodidae: Hemiptera) and vice versa.

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Horizontal transmission of begomoviruses between Bemisia tabaci biotypes
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Sobol, I.; Ghanim, Miriam; Czosnek, H. - Institute of Plant Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel

Horizontal transmission of begomoviruses between Bemisia tabaci biotypes

We have previously shown that the monopartite Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV), a begomovirus (family Geminiviridae, genus Begomovirus) infecting tomato plants can be transmitted in a gender-dependent manner among its insect vector the whitefly Bemisia tabaci type B (Gennaduis) (Aleyrodidae: Hemiptera) during mating. Viruliferous females were able to transmit the virus to non-viruliferous males and vice versa, in the absence of any other virus source. The recipient insects were able to infect tomato plants. In this communication, we present evidence that two bipartite begomoviruses infecting cucurbits, Squash leaf curl virus (SLCV) and Watermelon chlorotic stunt virus (WmCSV) can be transmitted in a gender-dependent manner among whiteflies. In addition we show that TYLCV can be transmitted during mating among individuals from the same biotype (from B-males to B-females and vice versa; and from Q-males to Q-females and vice versa). However, viruliferous males of the B biotype are unable to transmit the virus to females of the Q biotype (and vice versa); similarly, viruliferous males of the Q biotype are unable to transmit the virus to females of the B biotype (and vice versa). These findings support the hypothesis that a pre-zygotic mating barrier between the Q and B biotypes is the cause for the absence of gene flow between the two biotypes, and that virus transmission can be used as a marker for inter-biotype mating. To be transmitted during mating, the virus needs to be present in the haemolymph of the donor insect. Abutilon mosaic virus (AbMV), a bipartite begomovirus that can be ingested but not transmitted by B. tabaci, is absent in the whitefly haemolymph, and cannot be transmitted during mating. Mating was a precondition for horizontal virus transfer from male to female, or female to male. Virus was not transmitted when viruliferous B. tabaci were caged with the non-vector non-viruliferous whitefly Trialeurodes vaporariorum (Westwood) (Aleyrodidae: Hemiptera) and vice versa.

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